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Going electric
 

Going electric

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    Going electric Going electric Presentation Transcript

    • Electric Vehicles: outlook and policy actions needed Jacques de Selliers, Ir Managing Director Going-Electric, Association for Electric Vehicles in Europe www.going-electric.org , [email_address] , tel: +32 475 55 20 26 Former importer of REVA electric cars in Belgium. Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
    • Electric Vehicles: Key considerations
      • EVs = 3 technologies of electrically powered vehicle:
        • Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) (= pure electric vehicles),
        • Extended Range Electric Vehicles (EREVs) (= Series Plug-in Hybrids),
        • Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs, fuelled by hydrogen).
      • By far, they are the most sustainable car technologies:
        • Nearly petrol-free, no urban pollution, 30% less primary energy, less CO2…
      • 80% of cars mileage = short trips, slow speed, 1 occupant:
        •  Small/ultra-small BEVs are ideal for this usage…
        •  EREVs are fine for long trips – and FCVs even better!
      •  BEV & EREV technologies are mature enough to fill all car markets.
        • But they are temporarily expensive. What is missing for EVs to spread is:
        • The right initial incentives from public authorities (first priority = non-financial),
        • The right c harging infrastructure (first priority is where EV drivers live),
        • Attractive EV models (which will only arrive after 1. & 2.).
      Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
    • EV Sustainability versus ICV
      • EVs (BEVs, EREVs & FCVs) are MUCH cleaner than ICVs.
      • Compared to ICVs of same power and weight:
      • EVs use about 30% less primary energy
        • An electric car charged with petrol/biofuel-generated electricity uses about 30% less petrol/biofuel than an ICV...
      • EVs cause 25% less CO 2 with the Chinese electricity mix
        • Even less CO 2 as electricity generation gets cleaner (which is happening).
        • 70% less CO2 in the EU – Nearly zero CO 2 in Norway, Sweden, France...
        • Same CO 2 in the worse case (coal fired power plants).
      • EVs are silent and cause zero urban pollution
        • It is easier to reduce pollution from a few power plants than from millions of cars.
        • Reducing urban pollution saves health and building cleaning costs.
      • EVs reduce energy dependency
        • Over 50% of world’s petrol is used in road transport.
        • Electricity generation uses a variety of energies (including renewable) and little petrol.
      • EVs have a sustainable life cycle
        • Vehicle environmental impact: 25% = manufacturing + recycling, 75% = usage
        • EVs, batteries and fuel cells are very recyclable.
      Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
    • Micro-BEVs are the urban future! Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
      • Fast in traffic and easy to park  objectively ideal for commuting & city-driving
      • Minimal consumption & emissions  very environmentally friendly
      • Minimal congestion of traffic and parking  very city-friendly
      • Governments should especially promote micro-EVs!
      Lumeneo Smera (car) 98 cm wide, 1+1 p, 100 km, 110 km/h The fastest city car in the world! REVA (quadricycle) 132 cm wide, 2+2 p, 60 km, 80 km/h Perfect micro family-car for the city!
    • EV (BEV, EREV & FCV): car sales predictions Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page Because:
      • High production volumes and rising petrol prices will make cost of EV ownership advantageous.
      • Cities will restrain petrol vehicles  health and building renovation costs...
    • The two key policy actions needed
      • EVs are temporarily more expensive than ICVs  Purchase incentives are initially needed
        • Financial incentives: expensive to states
        • Non-financial incentives: most effective !
      • EVs need to charge – two different needs:
        • At or near home: daily low power charging at night.
        • In transit places: occasional high power recharging.
      Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
    • Norway’s most effective incentives
      • Saving time & hassles is invaluable to drivers!  In congested cities:
        • EV access to priority lanes
        • Free unlimited parking for EVs
        • Parking spots reserved for EVs
        • No odd/even plate restrictions
        • Free freeway tolls & congestion charge
      • Successful EV introduction at no cost!
      Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
    • Two different charging needs
      • Key considerations:
        • No one will buy an EV if he can’t charge it at/near home
        • 80% daily trips < 60km  need << 15 kWh/day
        • BEVs are NOT for very long trips (  EREVs and/or FCVs)
        • Charging at night is better for the electrical network.
      • Implications on charging needs
        • Night charging at/near home is essential 2-3 kW charging is usually enough  domestic plug
        • Public charging in transit places is needed:
          • Against range anxiety: low/medium power is enough
          • For exceptional longer trips: high power charging (motorways).
      Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
    • Other policy actions needed
      • Other governmental actions needed for EV leadership:
        • Stimulate investments in EV and parts production plants,
        • Enable large scale fuel cell demonstration projects,
        • Promote Micro-EV development and commercialisation,
        • Stimulate training in EV related skills (electronics, chemistry…),
        • Abandon regulations forcing car manufacturers to invest in petrol vehicles improvements.
      Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
    • Electric Vehicles: Conclusions
      • EVs are the future, whether we want it or not.
      • Petrol light vehicles will become obsolete in 2 or 3 decades.
      • Governments must promote EVs with the right actions if they want their car industry to survive.
      Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
      • Thank you !
      Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page