The capital: ValleduparSurface22.925km2Population1’053.123 Hab (Projection DANE 2005)Density43.94 Hab/Km2TheCapitalValledupar – 365.548 Hab ((Projection DANE 2005)
LOCATION, EXTENSION AND LIMITS - TO STOP-CESARThe Department of the Cesar is placed in the north of thecountry, in the plain of the Caribbean; located between the07º41 16 " and 10º52 14 " of north latitude and the 72º53 27 " and 74º08 28 " of length west. It possesses a surfaceof22.925 km2 what represents 2.0 % of the national territory.It borders for the North on Magdalenas department and LaGuajira, for the East on the Republic of Venezuela and thedepartment of Nortede Santander, for the South on thedepartments of Norte de Santander and Santander, and forthe West on the departments of Bolivar and Magdalena
HISTORYThe territory was lived principally by aborigens euparíes in UparsValley and guatapuríes in the valley of the river Cesar, betweenwhich it could find Orejones of the family tupe, acanayutos of LosMotilones and alcoholados of the chimila. Ambrosio Alfíngerconquered Upars Valley in 1532. In 1813, Maria de la ConcepciónLoperena proclaimed the in dependence of Upars Valley.On December 21, 1967 the department of the Cesar was created. Itowes its name to the river Cesar that it was known by theaborigens by Pompataos name, which there means " master of allthe rivers ". Valledupar was founded by the Spanish captain DonHernando de Santana on January 6, 1550
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONThe department of the Cesar is divided in 25municipalities, 165 corregimientos, 3 policemansinspections, as well as, numerous hamlets and populatedsites MUNICIPALITIES OF CESARS DEPARTMENT Valledupar Aguachica Agustín Codazzi Astrea Becerril Bosconia Chimichagua Chiriguaná Curumaní El Copey El Paso Gamarra González La Gloria La Jagua Ibirico Manaure Balcony Of The Pailitas Pelaya Pueblo Bello Río De Oro Cesar Robles (La Paz) San Alberto San Diego San Martín Tamalameque
PHYSIOGRAPHYIn the territory of the Cesar one distinguishes four definite wellareas; the first one, in the northern part, corresponds to the SierraNevada de Santa Marta, the highest mountainous clump of thecountry with heights that exceed 5.700 m on the level of the sea;the average part it is lived by aborigens arhuacos. The secondone is situated in the eastern part, ofmountainous country of LosMotilonesor Perijá, prolongation of the Oriental mountain chain,which separates the department of the Republic of Venezuela andof the department of Nortede Santander, with heights up to 3.000m on the level of the sea.The third one, in the western part, is the bordering area to theriver Magdalena, which is characterized by its numerous marshesfed by the periodic overflows of the river, finally the fourth one isthe area formed by the extensive central plains bathed by therivers Cesar and Ariguaní.
HYDROGRAPHYRivers and minor currents water the departmentalterritory of the Cesar in different directions; between theprincipal ones the Magdalena can be mentioned, Cesar,Lebrija, Ariguaní, Badillo, Donachuí, Guatapurí, Manaure,Maria Angola, Magiriaimo and Cáchiradel Espiritu Santo.Between the numerous marshes placed in its jurisdictionthat of Zapatosa is outlined, formed by the riverCesar,and others as those of Cascajo, Combú, Chimichagua,Dona Maria, Guamalito, Nata de Palma, Morales,Panchuiche, PitalSahaya, Saloa and Santo Domingo.
CLIMATEThe department of the Cesar presents variety oftemperatures due to the fact that there are lands in thedifferent thermal floors, which go from hotly ardentlyand stifling on the banks of the river Magdalena andcentral plains, up to the cold summits of the SierraNevada de Santa Marta and the mountainous countryof Los Motilones. The average temperature of most ofthe territory is 28°C. Which shares with thedepartments of La Guajira and Magdalena the nationalnatural park of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIESAt present it is a very important department from theagricultural, cattle and mining point of view benefited by hisgeographical location, the good quality of the soils and to thepotentials of adequacy of these lands by means of the irrigation.There takes place African palm, traditional maize, maizetechnify, rice I act rashly, rice mechanizeddryness, sorghum, coffee, cane, yucca, cotton, cocoa, sesameand banana.The bovine ranching is an activity of great importance thanks tothe extensive plains. The department is outlined for itsdevelopments of coal located in the municipalities of The Jaguade Ibirico, Chiriguaná, Becerril and El Paso. Developments of oilexist in addition in Aguachicas municipality. Valledupar isconstituted in the commercial epicentre for the exchange andsupply of products, most of which it comes from the agriculturalsector.
ROAD LINKSThe department of the Cesar relies on a main road, that itsreports the principal populations with the cities of SantaMarta, Bucaramanga and Bogota D.C., other one connectsto the capital with the territory of La Guajira and theRepublic of Venezuela. It possesses air service across theairport Valledupars "Alfonso Lopez" and tracks in otherpopulations. The fluvial navigation is in use in the Cesarand Magdalena rivers.
DEPARTMENTAL SYMBOLSFlag of Cesars DepartmentThe Flag of the Cesar has two (2) colors: Green in bandssuperior and low and White in the central band, theGreen color symbolizes the vegetation, hope of thefertile soil of its fields and the White is the symbol ofPeace that we expect to have in these lands.Shield of CesarsDepartmentAnthem of Cesars DepartmentLyrics: Nabonazar Cogollo Ayala (Created inJune, 1997)Music: Teacher Manuel Avendaño Castañeda(gave the rythm in October, 1997).
FAIRS AND HOLIDAYSValleduparFestival VallenatoAgustín CodazziFestival de Música Vallenata en GuitarraBecerrilFestival de la PaletillaEl CopeyFiesta de la Palma AfricanaEl PasoFestival Mi Pedazo de AcordeónSan DiegoFiesta de Versos y CancionesTamalamequeFestival de la Tambora
TOURISMThe department of the Cesar offers innumerabletourist attractions from the natural, cultural andscientific point of view. Between the principal touristplaces of the department it is necessary to mentionValledupar placed in the spurs of the Sierra Nevadade Santa Marta, which impressive beaks are spiedfrom the city; the villages Pueblo Bello and SanSebastian, placed in the Sierra Nevada de SantaMarta and lived by aborigens arhuacos; the naturalresorts of Pozo Hurtado in the river Guatapurí, LaMina in the Badillo and Zapatosas marsh
VALLENATO´S FAIRThe Festival of the Legend Vallenata is the great holiday of thepopular culture that is celebrated in Valledupar, the capital ofthe department of The Cesar, at the end of April, in thetraditional dates 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30, and for exception in anyother one that its authorities decide. It is defined as a contestthat it works and tends for the defense and diffusion of theexpression folclor and popular known as Music Vallenata inhis four airs, Paseo, Merengue, Puya and son.The importance that national has had from its creation theFestival of the Legend Vallenata is undeniable, not only for thepresence of the President of the Republic and some ofmembers of the Ministerial Office in the acts ofinauguration, every year, but for the unusual success that themusic vallenata receives every day. Near 400 journalists whorepresent an approximate number of 200 mass media of thewhole country and some of international character take part inthe coverage of this event.
The Festival has served for the national andinternational projection, first of our region, and afterthis music and its interpreters, since our musicalembassies have come up toSpain, France, Germany, as well as to The UnitedStates, Mexico, Venezuela and Peru. At the end ofDecember, 1999, a group of musical children headedby the ex-chairwoman of the Foundation Festival ofthe Legend Vallenata Consuelo Araújo Noguera(q.e.p.d) and the main musical Andrew " The Turko "Gil, was entertaining the Christmas party in the WhiteHouse next to the President Bill Clinton, who thenwould mention his wonderful experience hearing "The Children of the Vallenato " during his visit toCartagena (Colombia) in August, 2000.