Ukraine in Transit: From Digital Resistance to Digital Renaissance

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The presentation explores the digital dimension of Ukrainians protests Euromaidan and the digital challenges for Ukrainian non-profits and news organizations

The presentation explores the digital dimension of Ukrainians protests Euromaidan and the digital challenges for Ukrainian non-profits and news organizations

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  • 1. Ukraine in Transit: From Digital Resistance to Digital Renaissance Vitaliy Moroz, Internews Ukraine vitaliy.moroz@gmail.com Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 2. Introduction. How do we see the Internet? Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 3. Internet Optimists vs Internet Pessimists Dan Gillmor We the media, 2005 Evgeny Morozov, The Net Delusion, 2011 Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 4. Ukraine: Internet as an island of freedom • How the Yanukovych government did perceive the Internet? • How the Internet has been developing in Ukraine. Diverse market. Cheap access, Traditions of civic oversight of the government’s activities; • Skilled professionals. Ukraine is a world’s player in IT market - $3.3 billion; • 20 million users (almost 50% of population), majority users live in urban area (100,000+); • January 16 legislation against civil society and Internet freedom. Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 5. The role of social networks during Euromaidan • Twitter - effective during elections and protests for journalists and international community. #26 most popular site in Ukraine as of May 2014 (Alexa.com) • Vkontakte - #1 social network in Ukraine (at least 10 million users). Mostly entertainment, but... • Facebook - a public sphere of Ukrainian civil society. #7 most popular site in Ukraine as of May 2014 (Alexa.com). 60,4% of Facebook users in Ukraine aged 18-34 years old. • The role of social media: informing, mobilization, coordination, agenda setting Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 6. Map of rallies to support UA - new technologies implied since the first days of the protests Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 7. Online streaming + hashtags - new technologies implied since the first days of the protests Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 8. Mapping the location of protests - new technologies implied since the first days of protests Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 9. Mapping protesters’ needs - new technologies implied since the first days of the protests Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 10. The use of Twitter during the protests: Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 11. FB: Євромайдан SOS - providing assistance to those victimized during the protests - 98,000 fans Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 12. Євромайдан SOS - peaking during the most dramatic events of Euromaidan Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 13. Євромайдан SOS - up to 700,000 users interactions/engagements Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 14. Challenges for Ukrainian media and non-profits, opportunities and suggestions Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 15. Threats: internal vs external Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 16. Digital challenges for non-profits in Ukraine • Lack of knowledge about the Internet, digital instruments and cyber security; • Not enough funds to sustain IT-specialists in staff; • A tradition of ignorance of digital threats; • Not enough funds to work with soft under licenses Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 17. Digital challenges for media organizations • Lack of knowledge about cyber security; • A tradition of ignorance of digital threats; • Vulnerability to cyber attacks; • Journalists resist multi tasking (acquiring skills beyond reporting) • Online: Trolling and anonymity • Huge informational flow, more mistakes Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 18. Manipulation through social media - creating fake profiles Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 19. Manipulation through social media - creating misleading profiles Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 20. Bots and trolls attacking newspapers and accounts of politicians Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 21. What can be done for UA civil society and media organizations to meet new challenges? • Providing IT-consultancy services for non-profits and media organizations (assistance in launching a site, ongoing support); • Targeted consultancy for regional media organizations (media audit, redesign of site, strategy for online, advices in cyber security); • Providing free hosting for non-profits; • Seed funding: supporting innovative initiatives with micro-grants; • Supporting research in digital transformations and lessons learned of the Internet use; • Supporting translations in Ukrainian/Russian in cyber security issues; Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 22. What can be done for UA civil society and media organizations to meet new challenges? • Supporting government accountability projects (ongoing monitoring of corruption, budget expenditures); • Education in journalism standards and online journalism targeting young generations; • Expanding the space for innovations - by holding barcamps, hackathons; • Bringing expertise of best Western technology practices to Ukraine (guest speakers, lectors, CEO); • Exchange visits, scholarships for Ukrainian media activists (conferences - TheNextWeb, Picnic Amsterdam, LeWeb Paris). Tuesday, May 13, 14
  • 23. Vitaliy Moroz, Internews Ukraine vitaliy.moroz@gmail.com @vitaliymoroz Thank you! Tuesday, May 13, 14