Sustainable public procurement in the context of scp - Stefanos Fotiou


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Sustainable public procurement in the context of scp - Stefanos Fotiou

  2. 2. Presentation contents  Sustainable Consumption and Production  SCP in the context of economic development  The UNEP approach on SPP  SPP, labelling, trade  Highlights of UNEP work on SPP in the region  Challenges and opportunities for SPP
  3. 3. SCP in the context of economic development
  4. 4. The decoupling challenge
  5. 5. Defining SCP  The creation and use of services and related products, which respond to basic needs and bring a better quality of life while minimising the use of natural resources and toxic materials as well as the emissions of waste and pollutants over the life cycle of the service or product so as not to jeopardise the needs of future generation
  6. 6. Defining SCP  The creation and use of services and related products, which respond to basic needs and bring a better quality of life while minimising the use of natural resources and toxic materials as well as the emissions of waste and pollutants over the life cycle of the service or product so as not to jeopardise the needs of future generation
  7. 7. The life cycle approach
  8. 8. The SCP life cycle approach
  9. 9. The origins of global action on SCP  “The major cause of the continued deterioration of the global environment are the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production, particularly in industrialised countries, which is a matter of grave concern, aggravating poverty and imbalances.” Agenda 21 (Chap. 4.3), Earth Summit, Rio 1992
  10. 10. Patterns? Political Financial Technological Behavioural Market Combination of Choices
  11. 11. What we need Strategies Practices Investments Natural Resources: Development assets Change of BAU Mobilising Financial Capital Behavioral Change of Consumption Styles
  12. 12. The UNEP approach on SPP
  13. 13. The consumption conflict I’d like to end poverty, stop violence and racism, and get rid of pollution. Everyone should be equal. I want to dress in the nicest clothes, drive a great car, talk on the latest mobile phone, and use my brand new DVD
  14. 14. Government procurement We want to promote environmental conservation and social justice. Give priority to local products. Be Green! We have limited financial resources. We must be efficient. We need to buy more for less.
  15. 15. Sustainable Public Procurement  “Sustainable Procurement is a process whereby organisations meet their needs for goods, services, works and utilities in a way that achieves value for money on a whole life basis in terms of generating benefits not only to the organisation, but also to society and the economy, whilst minimising damage to the environment” International Task force on SPP
  16. 16. SPP: Three focuses  Economic factors include the costs of products and services over their entire life cycle, such as: acquisition, maintenance, operations and end-of-life management costs (including waste disposal) in line with good financial management;  Social factors include social justice and equity; safety and security; human rights and employment conditions;  Environmental factors include emissions to air, land and water, climate change, biodiversity, natural resource use and water scarcity over the whole product life cycle.
  17. 17. UNEP and SPP To guide countries in the development and application of national SPP policies and action plans. Policy Framework Legitimizes actions Legitimizes actions Informs the market Informs the market Action Plan: Defines responsibilities Defines responsibilities Outlines stages of implementation Outlines stages of implementation
  18. 18. The UNEP Approach to SPP
  19. 19. Labelling • Eco-labelling: interface between production and consumption patterns • Addressing the needs of developing countries: • Information: access to coherent, credible and clear information about eco-labelling programs, requirements and markets • Capacity: comprehensive, coordinated and needs-based support to develop sustainable enterprises • Policy framework: integration in supportive policy framework
  20. 20. SPP and Ecolabelling  Two complementary approaches to stimulate more sustainable products:  SPP: demand  Ecolabels: supply  Strong correlation between the active use of ecolabel and implementation of GPP (EU Green 7).  Example: EU purchase of organic food or California State purchase of certified computers
  21. 21. SPP and Ecolabelling • Stimulate the demand and supply of better products • Help consumers make better choices Combined approaches of voluntary labelling and SPP are important to:
  22. 22. Trade on Environmental goods The greatest growth potential for environmental goods (EGs) is to be found in developing countries. China and Brazil in particular have focused on the production and export of EGs as a priority, rapidly becoming market leaders in many areas such as renewable energy. Combined with increasing environmental awareness internationally, these trends are creating new and dynamic opportunities for trade in EGs
  23. 23. How they get connected Trade SPP Labels • Creating opportunities for economic growth on the basis of low carbon goods and services • Government leading by example. Upscaling and mainstreaming sustainable goods and services • Ensuring the credibility of producer’s claims on the sustainable aspect of the goods and services
  24. 24. Highlights of UNEP work on SPP in the region
  25. 25. UNEP work  Regional level:  Provide training to experts in charge of supporting governments to develop and implement SPP policies  Raise the awareness of policy makers regarding the importance and need for a rapid move to SPP  Explore and discuss modalities of implementation of SPP in Asian countries  New project on SPP and Ecolabeling (regional and national level implementation)
  26. 26. UNEP work  Country level  Seminars on SPP  Provide support for developing SPP policies  Link the work of SPP with eco-labelling and with the work on Education for Sustainable Consumption  Enabling developing countries to seize eco-label opportunities through capacity building and technical assistance for industries and governments in developing economies
  27. 27. Sustainable Public Procurement Initiative (SPPI) Bringing together representatives from governments, local authorities, business sector and civil society interested in collectively promoting the supply and demand of sustainable products through SPP
  28. 28. SPPI overview
  29. 29. SPPI members  BigRoom  ChileCompra (Chile)  Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs - DEFRA (United Kingdom)  Ecoinstitut Barcelona  Economic and Monetary Union of West Africa – UEMOA  Environmental Development Center of Ministry of Environmental Protection – MEP (China)  Forest Stewardship Council – FSC  International Green Purchasing Network – IGPN  Green Purchasing Network of India – GPNI
  30. 30. SPPI members  Green Purchasing Network of Malaysia – GPNM  ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability  Institut de l’Energie et de l’Environnement De la Francophonie - IEPF  Institut des Finances Basil Fuleihan (Lebanon)  Instituto Nacional de Contratación Pública – INCOP (Ecuador)  International Green Purchasing Network – IGPN  International Institute for Sustainable Development – IISD  International Training Centre of the International Labour Organization – ITC-ILO  Korea Environmental Industry & Technology Institute – KEITI
  31. 31. SPPI members  Ministerio de Ambiente, Energía y Telecomunicaciones (Costa Rica)  Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible (Colombia)  Ministério do Meio Ambiente (Brazil)  Ministry of Environment (Denmark)  inistry of Economic Development (New Zealand)  Organization of American States – OAS  Procurement Policy Office, Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (Mauritius)  Swedish Environmental Management Council – SEMCo  Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (Switzerland)  United Nations Development Programme/Procurement Capacity Development Centre – UNDP/PCDC  United Nations Environment Programme  United Nations Office for Project Services – UNOPS  African Development Bank – AfDB (OBSERVER)
  32. 32. SPPEL Project  Duration: 2013 – 2016  Approach:  National: 13 countries  Regional: ConoSur of LAC and ASEAN  Funding: European Union, Republic of Korea and China  Implementation: UNEP with national and regional partners
  33. 33.  13 countries out of a list of 19 countries* located in the Southern Cone, Asia (ASEAN), Africa and Europe * Core countries: Brazil, Colombia, the Philippines, Vietnam * Other countries: Ecuador, Nicaragua, Peru, Panama, Uruguay, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Mauritius, Cote d’Ivoire, Kenya, South Africa and Ukraine SPPEL Project: Geographical scope
  34. 34. SPPEL Methodology • Regional cooperation on SPP and EL • framework for harmonization of ecolabels Regional Component • Core countries (with type I ecolabel) : integrated implementation of SPP and EL • Other countries: implementation of SPP/GPP National Component • Knowledge Management Centre • Communication strategy • Dissemination and Outreach Communication and Outreach
  35. 35. SPPELL National Level Core Countries with ISO type I ecolabels (4 countries) Project Set-Up and Governance SPP Approach Implementation in integration with ecolabel: - Assessment, Review and Prioritization - Strategic Planning and Action Plan - Implementation of SPP Strengthening of ecolabel: - GEN and GENICES accreditation - Marketing of the ecolabel Technical assistance to SMEs to meet SPP and EL criteria Other countries (at least 9 countries) Project Set-Up and Governance SPP Approach Implementation: - Assessment, Review and Prioritization - Strategic Planning and Action Plan - Implementation of SPP
  36. 36. SPPEL Regional Level  Two regions:  Southern Cone (South America)  ASEAN  What:  Regional collaboration on voluntary standards and labels  Sharing experiences and common learning on SPP/GPP implementation
  37. 37. ASEAN+3 GPPEL project  Objectives:  strengthening SPP and ecolabelling (EL) in the ASEAN region, based on the expertise of China, Japan and South Korea in the combined use of SPP and ecolabelling ;  enhancing South-South collaboration on those topics;  ensuring a broad and effective participation of ASEAN+3 countries in the SPPI activities.  Founded by China and Republic of Korea
  38. 38. ASEAN+3 GPPEL project  Activities  ASEAN+3 network of GPP and EL experts and policy makers  Development of ASEAN case studies on GPP and ecolabelling implementation  Sharing of GPP and ecolabelling knowledge through a regional capacity building scheme  Improvement of the performance of GPP policies and EL schemes through the establishment of regional workgroups coordinated with the SPPI groups
  39. 39. SWITCH-Asia Regional Policy Support Component (RPSC) The overall objective of the Policy Support Component is to strengthen national and regional policy frameworks to promote the shift towards more sustainable consumption and production patterns and resource efficiency, thereby contributing to green growth and reduction of poverty in Asian countries and assisting countries in achieving the MDGs. SWITCH-Asia RPSC is funded by the European Union and UNEP
  40. 40. Specific Objectives Create an enabling environment to strengthen or initiate policies helping to mainstream SCP and RE in regional sub-regional and national development programmes. To assist stakeholders in the project countries (government, private sector, civil society), in designing and implementing specific policy-oriented activities to shift towards Sustainable Consumption and Production.
  41. 41. SWITCH-Asia RPSC implementation cycle
  42. 42. SWITCH-Asia RPSC and SPP
  43. 43. Some other important work  Green Purchasing Network (with regional and national charters)  International Institute on Sustainable Development (study on SPP and eco labels)  Institute of Global Environmental Studies (work on SPP and lifestyles)  SCP4LCE project (managed by GIZ)
  44. 44. SCP4LCE project  Sustainable Consumption and Production for Low Carbon Economy – Low Emissions Public Procurement and Eco-Labeling (SCP4LCE)  June 2012 – June 2015 funded by BMU. implemented by
  45. 45. SCP4LCE objectives  To expand existing eco-labels in Thailand and in selected countries in Southeast Asia to cover climate protection criteria  To strengthen Green Public Procurement in Thailand  To cooperate with other selected countries in South East Asia regarding Green Public Procurement and harmonization of eco-labels
  46. 46. Some observations from Asia Pacific  Some good work in selected countries on the use of 3R for SPP (mainly with paper, plastic)  SPP becomes a government focus (example: the “Presidential decree 54” in Indonesia that includes SPP)  There are so many (literally hundreds) of tools on SPP and each country develops its own tools
  47. 47. Some observations from Asia Pacific  There are also literally hundreds of available eco- or green labels (national, regional, international) available to the industry
  48. 48. Challenges and opportunities
  49. 49. Challenges SPP is mainly on a infant state in most countries The current global financial uncertainty Too many tools and too many labels and so little coordination Global trade agreements might be an obstacle
  50. 50. Opportunities SPP is good for businesses The potential of international trade is huge The trend towards SPP SPP can helps to increase GDP
  51. 51. How to play a central role on SPP in Asia- Pacific • Set national measurable SPP targets Leading by example • Demonstrate the business case for SPP Leading by innovation • Facilitate regional networking on SPP Leading by knowledge • Steer regional policy dialogue on SPP Leading by policy
  52. 52. Final notes 1. Very big need for mutual recognition and acceptance of eco- labels in sub-regional at least level 2. Governments’ Role – buying ‘green’: leading by example will definitely accelerate in promoting Green Purchasing 3. A comprehensive institutional framework at the country level with regional coordination is definitely needed to mainstream SPP
  53. 53. Thank you! Twitter @stefanosfotiou