Risk factors for fall in the elderly


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Falls in the elderly can limit their independence and affect the quality of life. Being informed about the risk factors for falls is important for the implementation of preventive measures.

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Risk factors for fall in the elderly

  1. 1. http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521 Risk Factors for Fall in the Elderly Falls in the elderly can limit their independence and affect the quality of life. Being informed about the risk factors for falls is important for the implementation of preventive measures. Older adults, especially those over 65 years of age are increasingly at the risk of falling and subsequent injuries. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) global report on Falls Prevention in Older Age, approximately 2835% of people aged of 65 and over fall each year and this proportion increases to 32-42% for those over 70 years of age. Falls in the elderly are a threat to their health and independence and can significantly limit their mobility. However, falls can be preventable. Therefore it is crucial to identify the factors that cause falls and take appropriate preventive measures to reduce these risks. Major Factors that Cause Falls in Older Adults Risk factors causing falls are clinically identified as intrinsic or extrinsic factors. Intrinsic Factors http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521
  2. 2. http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521 Intrinsic factors refer to characteristics or conditions of the individual, such as • • • • • • • • • Age and gender Bone weakening osteoporosis Arthritis Musculoskeletal disorders Poor walking patterns Impaired mobility and gait Vision problems Nutritional deficiencies Impaired cognition Extrinsic factors Extrinsic factors refer to conditions outside the individual, such as • Medication effects • Environmental hazards Falls in the Elderly – Prevention Measures Fall prevention in the elderly is crucial as falling can lead to serious long-term injuries such as hip fractures and traumatic brain injuries. Enrolling in slip/fall prevention programs is one of the most feasible options available to reduce the risk of falling among older adults and help them stay independent. Professional healthcare centers offer this http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521
  3. 3. http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521 six-week program under the supervision of expert physicians, physical therapists and pain management specialists. A series of tests are first performed to assess the patient’s risk of falling. Risk fall assessment includes identifying the physical and environmental factors that can cause falls. The conditioning part of the program is designed to modify the identified risk factors. Physical factors such as poor balance, strength and walking speed are modified through individual balance training and exercise programs such as • Biodex Isokinetic Testing and exercise • Dynamic Balance Testing and Training • Gait Testing and Training Home safety tips are provided to minimize environmental hazards causing falls such as poor lighting, uneven floors, curled carpet edges, and more. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention older adults can prevent falls by exercising regularly, getting their medication reviewed for side effects such as dizziness or drowsiness, having their vision checked, following a healthy diet, and making their home safe by minimizing tripping hazards. Posted by HealthQuest http://www.hqbk.com/ http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521
  4. 4. http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521 http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521