Effective Dementia Care and Treatment
Dementia is a global health priority. According to
Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) a new case of
dementia occurs every 4 seconds somewhere the world.
The term dementia describes a wide collection of
symptoms caused by certain disorders that affect the brain.
It can affect the functioning of body systems and may lead
to impaired intellectual functioning that interferes with
normal activities and relationships. Risk factors of
dementia include age, family history, Down’s syndrome,
alcohol use, high estrogen levels, and depression.
Types and Symptoms
Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia.
Other types include vascular dementia and mixed dementia.
Certain disorders linked to dementia are Huntington's
disease, Traumatic brain injury and HIV-associated
dementia. Common symptoms include mild cognitive
impairment such as frequently losing or misplacing things
or difficulty following the flow of a conversation, memory
loss, impaired judgment, loss of communication skills, gait,
motor and balance problems, and behavioral problems such
as agitation, delusions, and hallucinations.
Studies and Reports
o The estimates from Alzheimer's Disease International
(ADI), a non-profit campaign group predicts that
dementia cases worldwide will triple by 2050. As per
the report, 44 million people worldwide have dementia
currently and the number is expected to reach 76
million in 2030 and 135 million by 2050. The
projected number of people with dementia in 2050 is
now 17 percent higher than ADI estimated in the 2009
World Alzheimer Report.
o According to a study in the Journal of the American
Heart Association, dementia risk might rise for older
women with heart disease. The study observed 6,500
U.S. women aged 65 to 79 who had healthy brain
function. It was found that those with heart disease
were 29 percent more likely to experience mental
decline over time than those without heart disease.
Comprehensive Diagnosis and Effective
Early diagnosis helps dementia patients and their family to
receive help to prepare for the future in an appropriate way.
Reliable rehabilitation centers diagnose the condition
based on a careful evaluation of medical history, physical
examination, laboratory tests, and the characteristic
changes in thinking, day-to-day function and behavior
associated with each type. Treatment of dementia depends
on its cause. Most types of dementia are progressive
and cannot be cured. However, there are treatments that
may temporarily improve symptoms. Treatment options
may combine pharmacological and non-pharmacological
o Medications such as Cholinesterase inhibitors and
o Physical therapy
o Occupational therapy
Caring for a loved one with Alzheimer’s disease or related
dementias can be challenging, stressful, and frustrating.
Established healthcare centers provide customized
geriatric care services to address each aspect of the older
adult’s health and improve the quality of life. Such centers
also provide comprehensive support services and caregiver
coaching for adult children looking after after their loved
Posted by HealthQuest.com