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4 nonverbal comm pdf

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Pearson, J. Nelson, P, Titsworth, S., & Harter, L. (2010). Human communication (4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

Pearson, J. Nelson, P, Titsworth, S., & Harter, L. (2010). Human communication (4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

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  • 1. Chapter FourNonverbal CommunicationSaturday, April 28, 12
  • 2. Saturday, April 28, 12
  • 3. ObjectivesDefineHow do verbal & nonverbal codes worktogether?Seven types of nonverbal codesWhy difficult / how to improveSaturday, April 28, 12
  • 4. Nonverbal communicationis...The process of using wordless messages togenerate meaning.Saturday, April 28, 12
  • 5. Verbal & NonverbalCodes: Working TogetherRepeatingSame message sent verbally and nonverballyEmphasizingUse of nonverbal cues to strengthen verbal messagesComplementingNonverbal and verbal codes add meaning to eachother and expand the meaning of either messagealoneSaturday, April 28, 12
  • 6. ContradictingVerbal and nonverbal messages conflictSubstitutingNonverbal codes used instead of verbal onesRegulatingNonverbal codes are used to monitor & controlinteractions with othersSaturday, April 28, 12
  • 7. Seven Types ofNonverbal CodesWhat are nonverbal codes?Codes of communication consisting ofsymbols that are not words, includingnonword vocalizations.Saturday, April 28, 12
  • 8. #1: Bodily Movement/Facial ExpressionKinesics: Greek “kinesis”. Study of bodilymovements, including posture, gestures, andfacial expressions.Liking, status, and responsiveness are allexpressed through nonverbal communication.Saturday, April 28, 12
  • 9. Body movement and facial expressions (cont.)EmblemsNonverbal movements that substitute for words/phrasesIllustratorsAccompany or reinforce verbal messages.Affect DisplaysShow emotionRegulatorsControl flow/pace of communicationAdaptorsFully in private but partially in publicSaturday, April 28, 12
  • 10. #2: Physical AttractionPeople who are perceived as being morephysically attractive have it easier in life.When attractive kids misbehave it’s viewed as an isolatedincident; when unattractive kids misbehave it’s viewed asevidence of a chronic tendency (p. 88).Saturday, April 28, 12
  • 11. #3: SpaceProxemics: Study of human use of space anddistance.Territoriality and Personal Space.Intimate, personal, social, and publicdistances.Saturday, April 28, 12
  • 12. #4: TimeChronemics: The way people organize and usetime and the messages that are created asa result.Monochronic vs. PolychronicSaturday, April 28, 12
  • 13. #5: Touching“Insufficient touching can lead to healthdisorders, such as allergies and eczema,speech problems, and even death” (Pearson etal., 2011, p. 94).Women value touch more than men.MEn and their sons touch each other the least.Different meanings for different cultures andco-cultures.Saturday, April 28, 12
  • 14. #6: Vocal CuesParalinguistic Features: The nonword soundsand characteristics of language, such aspitch, volume, rate, and quality.Touch per hour: 180 Puerto Rico, 110 France,2 FloridaSaturday, April 28, 12
  • 15. #7: Clothing and OtherArtifactsObjectics: Study of human use of clothing andother artifacts as nonverbal codes.Artifacts: Ornaments/adornments you displaythat hold communicative potential.Hairstyles, shoes, hats, glasses, tattoos,piercings, etc.Communicate your age, gender, status,personality, etc.Saturday, April 28, 12
  • 16. Why are nonverbal codes difficult tointerpret?One code communicates variety of meaningsA variety of codes communicate the samemeaningSaturday, April 28, 12
  • 17. Ways to Improve NonverbalCommunicationBe sensitive to...Context: Physical setting, occasion, situationAudience: Speaking to kids vs. speaking toadults.Feedback: Give feedback and ask questionsto get feedback from others.Saturday, April 28, 12