Giuliano Sandini. Robotics and AI

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Presentation slides of Prof. G. Sandini at Robotics Session at Moscow Open Innovation Forum

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  • Up to a stage where it is impossible to distinguish
  • A new paradigm in AI
  • Lkegoingat the factory
  • “Reverse engineering”:Osservazione e copia del volo degli uccelli  progetto dell’aereoInverso del reverse engineering  lo studio dell’aerodinamica ha consentito di capire meglio il volo degli uccelliLa modellazione:I fratelli Wright iniziarono il lavoro da un modello precedente di Lilienthal (che era sbagliato)  ma alla fine (dopo 2 anni) realizzarono un proprio modello (e lo provarono), costruirono un tunnel del vento per gli esperimenti (un’idea molto moderna)!Stabilita’ e controllo:Modelli separati a volte non funzionano bene (esempio: stabilita’ o controllo)Scoprirono che la chiave per ottenere entrambi e’ il inclinarsi  l’aereo gira inclinandosi! Modelli separati non funzionavano, era necessario un modello olistico (altre osservazioni sugli uccelli).Era necessaria una comprensione a livello di sistema
  • iCub is doing baby-things because we are studying development…
  • Giuliano Sandini. Robotics and AI

    1. 1. Humans and Robots Giulio Sandini Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia and University of Genoa “Open Innovations” November 1st , 2013 Moscow Robotics, Brain & Cognitve Sciences Robotics and AI Renaissance Panel Session.
    2. 2. This is where robotics is today… o o o o Faster Stronger More resilient More precise Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    3. 3. …we want to get the robots closer to humans Humanoid Technologies …a co-worker A tool augmenting human skills A tool helping in everyday tasks Tools for smart interface Tools to build and transport Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences time Giulio Sandini
    4. 4. Robots closer to humans in two ways More similar to us in shape and functions Living with us in such a way as to change the structure of our society Hirioshi Ishiguro “Sayonara” play From “io e Caterina” 1980 directed by Alberto Sordi Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    5. 5. Keyboards have changed our society … William Davidow: IEEE Spectrum August 2012 Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    6. 6. …and this does not always help social interaction… Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    7. 7. ...while ideally we would like to interact with machines as if they were humans Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    8. 8. Such machines must be able to put themselves in someone else’s shoes… to anticipate the effects of their own actions to anticipate the intentions of others to imagine their perceptions and feelings Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    9. 9. New approach to Human Machine (friendly/safe) Interaction ....based on jointly studying humans and building artificial systems (and their “mind”) A bridge between science and engineering (adding neuroscience and psychology to robotics) Claude Monet: Water Lily Pond and Japanese Bridge Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    10. 10. Cognitive Robotics: to exploit the body as an actor and a communication channel Use Humanoid Robots Study Humans (as models and stimuli) (and the way they interact) Explore the Interaction Study how humans develop their motor, perceptual and cognitive and social abilities Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Implement embodied models of the development of human motor, perceptual and cognitive abilities Giulio Sandini
    11. 11. humanoid robots as development tools to study the principles of human cognitive abilities The target robot is not necessarily a humanoid!! (the flying machine is not necessarly a bird!!) Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    12. 12. …an analogy with the principles of flight and the study of the interaction of a physical body with air Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    13. 13. We can use a wind tunnel to study the interaction between air flow and a body (it’s aerodynamic properties) Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    14. 14. We see humanoids as wind tunnels to study how a machine interacts with a human In a wind tunnel one studies interaction with air flow with a humanoid one studies interaction with humans Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    15. 15. iCub is our latest «wind tunnel»… The iCub is the humanoid baby-robot designed as part of the RobotCub project whose goal is also to build a community – – – – – Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences The iCub is a full humanoid robot sized as a three and half year-old child The total height is 104cm It has 53 degrees of freedom, including articulated hands to be used for manipulation and gesturing The robot can crawl and sit and autonomously transition from crawling to sitting and vice-versa The robot is LGPL/GPL/FDL: software, hardware, drawings, documentation, etc. Giulio Sandini
    16. 16. …a development tool to exploit today’s robotic technologies Intelligence Vision Sensors Motors/Gears In collaboration with our industrial partner Electronics Force Torque Sensors Tactile Sensors Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    17. 17. …a development tool to study future technologies related to learning, adaptation and, ultimately, human-like interaction (as mutual understanding) Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    18. 18. iCub is also a community building tool iCub is an open system built to foster the creation of a multidisciplinary community iCub and friends Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    19. 19. To study friendly interaction along two main dimensions... BODY Improving compliance makes Interaction less dangerous future More friendly Robots compliance now Improving cognitive skills makes interaction more «human-like» MIND cognition Progressing along one single axis is not sufficient… Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    20. 20. Thank you Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    21. 21. ...when interacting with others we implicitly assume that the others are feeling our own sensations and emotions... Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    22. 22. To study friendly interaction along two main dimensions... BODY Improving compliance makes Interaction less dangerous future More friendly Robots compliance now Improving cognitive skills makes interaction more «human-like» MIND cognition Progressing along one single axis is not sufficient… Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    23. 23. Compliance Nikos Tsagarakis, Stephen Morfey, Zhibin Li, Luca Colasanto, Darwin Caldwell Advanced Robotics Department IIT Cognition Giorgio Metta, Lorenzo Natale, Francesco Nori, Giulio Sandini et. al. RBCS department at IIT Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    24. 24. …in summary: our keywords o Human Robot Friendly Interaction o Synergy of Robotics & Neuroscience o Cognition (prediction abilities) o Interaction as mutual understanding Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    25. 25. Main challenges • Safety: prediction of action's outcome (own and others) • Acceptability: Machines must be predictable and useful • Technology: Is silicon and aluminium the right choice? Solution has to pass through interdisciplinary teams Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    26. 26. Market e Business Plan Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    27. 27. Ubiquitous Robot Companions (and their infrastructure) Ubiquitous Robot Companion Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    28. 28. Robot Technology and ICT Copyright: Broadband IT - Korea, 2007 Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    29. 29. Robot Technology and ICT Copyright: Broadband IT - Korea, 2007 Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    30. 30. Intelligence is a Technology... Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    31. 31. Development Tool (in the case of iPhone) Apps Operating System Application Middleware Middleware iPad iPhone iPod Same Apps for Different Platforms Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    32. 32. Main Challanges 1. Lack of «cognition/intelligence»  Prediction  Learning 2. Complexity of systems 3. Is “silicon and aluminium” the right technology? 4. Difficult to establish multidisciplinary teams 5. Human acceptance of personal robots Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini
    33. 33. This is how robots are perceived today Q6: In which area do you think that robots should be used as a priority Survey made on March 2012 and published in September 2012 Robotics, Brain & Cognitive Sciences Giulio Sandini

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