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WomenHeart Educational Webinar

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    • 1. “Eating” To Your Heart’s Content: The Role of Diet and Supplements in Heart Health
      Penny Kris-Etherton, PhD, RD, Pennsylvania State University
      October 6, 2010
    • 2. How can I use nutrition to support my heart health?
      The role of proper nutrition
      Food groups and nutrients to emphasize
      Benefits of fish oil
      Benefits of plant sterols
      Amounts needed everyday to realize the benefits
      Where do supplements fit in?
    • 3. Role of Proper Nutrition
      Increase nutrients that are heart healthy
      Omega-3 fatty acids, dietary fiber, plant sterols, unsaturated fat
      Reduce nutrients that are not heart healthy
      Saturated fat, trans fat, sodium, dietary cholesterol
      Maintain a healthy weight
      Target calories based on age and gender
      Balance food intake with physical activity
    • 4. How proper nutrition can reduce the risk of heart disease
      Supply essential nutrients
      Magnesium, potassium, calcium, fiber, etc.
      Lowering cholesterol reduces risk of heart disease.
      1 percent reduction in cholesterol = 1 percent reduction in risk
      Balance nutrition with physical activity, stress reduction, and smoking cessation to further reduce risk.
    • 5. Food groups and nutrients to emphasize
      Soluble dietary fiber
      Can lower cholesterol levels by decreasing the amount of cholesterol absorbed in the intestine
      Are also known as viscous fiber and can be found in fruits and vegetables such as okra, bananas, eggplant, whole grains and legumes.
    • 6. Food groups and nutrients to emphasize
      Consuming unsaturated fat in place of saturated fat
      Reduces cholesterol levels.
      Smart tip: choose fats that are liquid at room temperature (unsaturated) rather than those that are solid at room temperature(saturated)
      Examples of easy substitutions are cooking with vegetable oil instead of lard or spread nut butter on your toast instead of butter
      The American Heart Association recommends keeping your total saturated fat intake to less than 7% of your total daily calories
    • 7. Food groups and nutrients to emphasize
      Fish oil
      Fish oil contains the omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA, which are important to consume because the human body does not make very much of these.
      The American Heart Association recommends that those with CHD eat one gram of DHA and EPA per day (in consultation with your doctor).
    • 8. Benefits of fish oil
      Reduces the risk of heart disease
      Supports a healthy blood pressure
      Helps maintain normal triglyceride levels
    • 9. Amounts needed for prevention and treatment
      Fish Oil
      Dose needed
      2 servings of fish per week, preferably fatty for prevention of coronary disease
      1 serving = 3 oz.
      3 oz of Atlantic Salmon contains ~1 gram of omega-3
      About the same as one daily dose of fish oil supplements
      1 gram per day for persons with coronary disease
      2-4 grams per day for triglyceride lowering
      Amount of food to achieve the dose
      You would have to eat on average 3.0 oz. of salmon every day to consume the same amount of omega-3 fats in one daily dose of a (~1.0 g) fish oil supplement.
    • 10. Food groups and nutrients to emphasize
      Plant sterols
      Have been recognized by the FDA for their cholesterol lowering benefits.
      Fruits and vegetables contain sterols, but not in high enough doses to be therapeutic.
      Benefits of sterols
      Decreased cholesterol levels by binding of bile acids to prevent absorption of cholesterol in the gut
    • 11. Amounts needed for prevention and treatment
      Plant Sterols
      2 grams per day of plant sterols
      In order to get this amount through food, you’d have to eat every day:
      1 ¼ cup sesame seeds or
      more than 1 lb. of broccoli or
      80 apples or
      More than 1 cup of corn oil
    • 12. Role of supplements in heart health promotion
      Achieving effective dose – evaluate and recommend by physician
      Evaluate dietary and lifestyle choices
      Formulate customized recommendations for diet and lifestyle
      Integrate supplements to complement diet and lifestyle
      Choose supplements that have demonstrated quality and efficacy standards
      Look for USP seal
      Demonstrate calorie savings from supplements
      Calories in one pound of broccoli= 170 kcal more per day
      Calories in 0.5 ounces of salmon= 25 kcal more per day
      Calories in > 1 cup corn oil= 1,980 kcal more per day
    • 13. Conclusions
      Take control of your heart health by
      Choosing foods that can reduce risk
      Limiting foods that provide harmful nutrients
      Maintaining a healthy weight
      Making other lifestyle modifications
      Including supplements such as fish oil and plant sterols
    • 14.
      • WomenHeart and NatureMade® partnered to launch 100,000 Heartbeats campaign to help Americans get proactive about heart health
      • 15. Help spread the word on heart health and unlock a $100,000 donation from Nature Made to WomenHeart
      • 16. www.womenheart.naturemade.com
      • 17. Facebook at www.facebook.com/naturemade
      • 18. Complete web survey and provide mailing address for product samples
    • We’re happy to answer any questions. Thank you for your participation.