Secret keystrokes of osx mountain lion


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Secret keystrokes of osx mountain lion

  1. 1. appendix dThe Master OS XSecret Keystroke ListH ere it is, by popular, frustrated demand: the master list of every secret (or not-so-secret) keystroke in OS X Mountain Lion, including all the keys you can press during startup. Clip and post to your monitor (unless, of course,you got this book from the library).Note: For the most part, the following list doesn’t include the keystrokes already listed in your menus, likec-P for Print, c-S for Save, and so on.Startup Keystrokes Keys to Hold Down Effect C Starts up from a CD or DVD N Starts up from a network server R Resets the laptop screen c-R Starts Recovery Mode T Puts the Mac into FireWire or Thunderbolt Target Disk mode Option Shows icons of all startup disks and partitions, so you can choose one for starting up Shift-Option-c-Delete Starts up from external drive (or CD) Option-c-P-R Zaps the parameter RAM (PRAM) (hold down until you hear the second chime) c-V Shows Unix console messages during startup, logout, and shutdown appendix d: the master os x secret keystroke list 875
  2. 2. Startup Keystrokes c-S Starts up in single-user (Unix command-line) mode Mouse down Ejects a stuck CD or DVD 6 and 4 keys Starts up in 64-bit mode Shift Just after powering up: Turns off kernel exten- sions Shift Just after logging in: Prevents Finder windows and startup items from opening (they’ll return the next time you start up) In the Finder c-space Highlights Spotlight box Option-c-space Opens Spotlight window >, < Expands or collapses a selected folder in list view Option-> Expands a folder in a list view and all folders inside it Option-< Collapses a folder and all folders inside it c-, Opens parent folder Shift-Option-c-, Selects the desktop c-. (or c-O) Opens the selected icon Option-click the flippy triangle Expands or collapses all folders within that window Tab Selects next icon alphabetically Shift-Tab Selects previous icon alphabetically space bar Opens Quick Look preview of highlighted icon(s) space bar During a spring-loaded folder drag, opens the disk or folder under the mouse immediately Option-click Zoom button Enlarges the window to full screen Option-click Close button Closes all Finder windows Option-click Minimize button Minimizes all windows (works in most apps) c-drag an icon Moves it into, or out of, the System folder (administrator password required) Option Changes Quick Look button to Slideshow button c-drag Rearranges or removes menulets or toolbar icons c-click window title Opens a pop-up menu showing the folder path876 os x: the missing manual
  3. 3. a Menu a Menu Option Changes “About This Mac” to “System Informa- tion” Shift-c-Q Logs out Shift-Option-c-Q Logs out without confirmation boxFinder Menu Option Eliminates the confirmation box from Empty Trash and Secure Empty Trash Shift-c-Delete Empties the Trash Shift-c-Delete Puts back a highlighted icon in the Trash Shift-Option-c-Delete Empties the Trash without confirmation box Option-Empty Trash Empties the Trash without confirmation box c-comma Opens Preferences c-H Hide this program Shift-c-H Hide other programsFile Menu c-N New Finder window Shift-c-N New folder Option-c-N New smart folder c-O or c-. Open Control-c-O Open in new window Option-click File menu Changes “Open With” to “Always Open With” c-W Close window Option-c-W Close All c-I Get Info Option-c-I Show Inspector Control-c-I Summary Info (of selected icons) c-D Duplicate c-L Make Alias c-Y Quick Look Option-c-Y Slideshow (of selected icons) c-R Show Original (of alias) c-T Add to Sidebar Shift-c-T Add to Favorites c-Delete Move to Trash c-E Eject appendix d: the master os x secret keystroke list 877
  4. 4. File Menu c-F Find Shift-c-F Find by Name Edit Menu c-Z Undo c-C, c-X, c-V Copy, Cut, Paste Shift-c-V Move copied icons to this window c-A Select All Option-c-A Deselect All View Menu c-1, -2, -3, -4 Icon, list, column, Cover Flow views Control-c-1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6 Arrange by Name, Date Modified, Date Cre- ated, Size, Kind, Label Option Changes “Clean Up Selection” to “Clean Up” Option Changes “Arrange By” to “Sort By” Option-c-T Show/Hide Toolbar Option-c-S Show/Hide Sidebar c-J Show/Hide View Options palette Go Menu c-[, c-] Back, Forward c-, Enclosing folder Control-c-, Enclosing folder in new window Option-c-T Show/Hide Toolbar Shift-c-F All My Files window Shift-c-O Documents window Shift-c-D Desktop window Option-c-L Downloads window Shift-c-H Home window Option Makes Library command appear Shift-c-C Computer window Shift-c-R AirDrop window Shift-c-K Network window Shift-c-A Applications window Shift-c-G Go to Folder c-K Connect to Server878 os x: the missing manual
  5. 5. Window Menu Window Menu c-M Minimize Option-c-M Minimize All Option Changes “Bring All to Front” to “Arrange in Front”Help Menu Shift-c-? Opens help search boxPower Keys Control-´ Brings up dialog box for Shut Down, Sleep, or Restart Option-c-´ Sleep Control-Option-c-´ Shut Down Control-c-´ RestartThe Dock Option-click a Dock icon Switches to new program and hides previous one Option-c-D Hides/shows the Dock c-click a Dock or Stacks icon Reveals its actual Finder icon Option-c-click a Dock icon Switches to this program and hides all others Control-click a Dock icon Opens a shortcut menu Hold mouse down on Dock app icon Triggers Exposé (shows all windows of that app in miniature) c-drag an icon onto a Dock icon Prevents Dock icons from moving, so you can drop your icon onto one of them c-drag a Dock icon Drags the actual item Option-c-drag an icon onto the Dock Forces a Dock program to open the icon you’re dropping on itManaging Programs Option-click a Dock icon Switches to new program and hides the previ- ous one Option-click in a window Switches to new program and hides the previ- ous one c-H Hide this program’s windows (works in most apps) Option-c-H Hide all other programs’ windows (most apps) Control-<, > Previous/next Spaces screen appendix d: the master os x secret keystroke list 879
  6. 6. Managing Programs F9 Exposé: Shrinks and tiles all windows in all programs Shift-F9 Exposé: Shrinks and tiles all windows in slow motion F10 Exposé: Shrinks and tiles all windows in front- most program F11 Exposé: Flings all windows in all programs to edges of screen, revealing desktop F12 Dashboard widgets c-Tab Press and release: Switches back and forth between current and previous open program c-Tab Hold down c: Displays floating icons of open programs. Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through them. (Add Shift to cycle backward through open programs on the Dock.) c-~ Switches to next open window in this program. (Add Shift to cycle in the opposite direction.) Option-c-Esc Opens the Force Quit dialog box (to close a stuck program) Shift-c-3 Captures the screen image as a PDF file on your desktop Shift-c-4 Produces a crosshairs; drag to capture a se- lected portion of the screen as a PDF graphics file. (Press space to get the “camera” cursor that snips out just a menu, icon, or window.) c-space Switches keyboard layout (if more than one is installed). (If you use Spotlight, you must choose a different keystroke for this function.) Dialog Boxes c-comma Opens Preferences dialog box (any Apple program) Esc “Clicks” the Cancel button in a dialog box Enter or Return “Clicks” the OK button (or other blue, high- lighted button) in a dialog box Option-c-F Moves the insertion point to the search box in most Apple programs c-D, c-R “Clicks” the Don’t Save or Replace button880 os x: the missing manual
  7. 7. Trackpad Gestures Trackpad Gestures You can change many of these gestures, or turn them on and off, in the Trackpad pane of System Preferences. But here are the factory settings: Two-finger click Right-click Two-finger drag up/down Scroll up/down Two-finger swipe left-/right Move among open Web or document pages Two-finger swipe from right edge Open Notification Center Two-finger pinch or spread Zoom in or out of a picture, PDF, or Web page Two-finger rotate Rotate photo or PDF Two-finger double-tap (not click) “Smart zoom” into Safari or Preview page Three-finger swipe up Mission Control Three-finger swipe down Show all windows in this app (Exposé) Three-finger swipe left/right Previous/next Spaces screen or full-screen app Three-finger drag Move window Three-finger tap (not click) Look up this word in Dictionary Four-finger pinch Open Launchpad Four-finger spread Reveal desktop (Exposé)Magic Mouse Gestures A few important gestures also work on the top surface of the Magic Mouse: One-finger double-tap (not click) “Smart zoom” into Safari or Preview page Two-finger double-tap (not click) Mission Control One-finger swipe left-/right Move between open Web or document Two-finger swipe left/right Previous/next Spaces screen or full-screen app appendix d: the master os x secret keystroke list 881