Enviropreneurs -Model For Implementing Green Chemistry

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Enviropreneur's are the Model for Implementing Green chemistry

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Enviropreneurs -Model For Implementing Green Chemistry

  1. 1. ENVIROPRENEURS: A Model for implementing Green Chemistry Nitesh H. Mehta Founder Director Newreka Green Synth Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai, India [email_address]
  2. 2. <ul><li>Universities: </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations to Customize, Scale-up & Commercialize </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations to Market their Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Industry: </li></ul><ul><li>Profit Driven Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Limitation to approach & define their problems </li></ul><ul><li>Mindset of not investing on Green R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Common Man & Society: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Mindset of not investing on Education & Research </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. Bodies & NGO’s: </li></ul><ul><li>Formulations of practical policies. </li></ul><ul><li>Carrot & Stick Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations of paperwork & bureaucracy </li></ul>Overview : The Gaps
  3. 3. <ul><li>Universities: </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations to Customize, Scale-up & Commercialize </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations to Market their Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Industry: </li></ul><ul><li>Profit Driven Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Limitation to approach & define their problems </li></ul><ul><li>Mindset of not investing on Green R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Common Man & Society: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Mindset of not investing on Education & Research </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. Bodies & NGO’s: </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations of paperwork & bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Carrot & Stick Approach </li></ul>Enviropreneurs “ Enviropreneurs” – A Possible Bridge
  4. 4. <ul><li>Enviropreneurs = Enviro nment + Entre preneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Enviropreneurs : </li></ul><ul><li>Their View : Environment is an Asset not a Problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Their Qualities : “Passion” of an Environmentalist & “Spirit of Adventure” of an Entrepreneur. </li></ul><ul><li>Their Business Model : Long Term Sustainable Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Their Goals : Make Money & also Produce benefits for the Environment </li></ul>“ Enviropreneurs”
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>Entrepreneur or Businessman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientist or Researcher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemist or a Chemical Engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academician </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any one of us </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enviropreneur – A Mindset, A way of thinking </li></ul></ul>Who are “Enviropreneurs” ?
  6. 6. Founders Team of Technocrats from IIT Bombay passionate about Nature Foundation Principles of Green Chemistry, Green Engineering & Enviropreneurship Knowledge Base & Over 40,000 experiments conducted by Experience a dedicated team of 50 Chemists & Chemical Engineers. Service Customized & Sustainable Solutions to reduce E-FACTOR * * E-FACTOR = kgs waste generated per kg product Newreka as “Enviropreneur”
  7. 7. <ul><li>All Unit Processes use H 2 O / Solvent as a Reaction Medium </li></ul><ul><li>or Extraction Medium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction, Condensation, Nitration, Diazotization, Hydrolysis, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methylation, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use is spread across all Industrial Sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharma, Dyes, Pigments, Specialty & Fine Chemicals, Agro, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High Volume Products generate huge quantities of waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>like H-Acid, DASDA, Paracetamol, Phenylephrine, Pigment CPC, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violet23, Pendimethylene.. </li></ul></ul>Focus: Reducing E-FACTOR ( Recycle of Aqueous & Solvent Effluent Streams)
  8. 8. Average Composition of Reaction Mass Solvent & Water contribute more than 90% of the Reaction Mass Source Data: ACS GCI Pharmaceutical Roundtable benchmarking exercise 2007 Average composition of Effluents will be similar. Recycle of Water & Solvent can take care of 90% of problem.
  9. 9. “ Prevent Waste: Design chemical syntheses to prevent waste, leaving no waste to treat or clean up” 1 st Principle of Green Chemistry
  10. 10. DRUG : Anti – Retroviral Drug CUSTOMER : A fast growing Indian Pharma Company CONVENTIONAL SYNTHETIC CHEMISTRY PROCESS E-Factor 32 38 28 4 Effluent 1920 TPA 2280 TPA 1680 TPA 240 TPA (for 60TPA plant) GREEN CHEMISTRY SOLUTION BY NEWREKA E-Factor 6 6 1 4 Effluent 360 TPA 360 TPA 60 TPA 240 TPA Case Study: Reducing E-Factor & Improving Yield Stage III Chlorination Stage IV Reduction Stage V Stage II Nitration Stage I Diazo. & Hydrolysis Stage VI Stage II Nitration Stage III Chlorination Stage IV Reduction Stage I Diazo & Hydrolysis Stage VI Stage V
  11. 11. Stage I : Diazotization - Hydrolysis <ul><li>20% higher yield (higher conversion & selectivity, recycle of aq. acidic stream) </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased fresh water consumption in process by recycle of ML. </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of one of the solvents from the process. </li></ul><ul><li>Replacing a Class I solvent with a safer solvent. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Stage II : Nitration <ul><li>163% higher yield (higher conversion & selectivity, recycle of aq. stream). </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased fresh water consumption in process by recycle of ML. </li></ul><ul><li>Replacing a Class I solvent with a safer solvent. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Stage III : Chlorination <ul><li>16% higher yield (increased conversion & selectivity). </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased fresh water consumption in process by recycle aq. acidic stream. </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced one solvent with another which is more effective & much safer to handle. </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery & reuse of some of the raw materials. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Stage III : Reduction <ul><li>23% higher yield (increased conversion & selectivity). </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminated use of two solvents from the process by using Water as the reaction & </li></ul><ul><li>extraction medium </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased fresh water consumption in process by recycle of neutral ML. </li></ul><ul><li>Safer process since solvents are eliminated & high pressure reaction replaced by </li></ul><ul><li>atmospheric pressure process. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Case Study: Reducing E-Factor & Improving Yield
  16. 16. E - Factor for Manufacturing Sectors Source: R A Sheldon E - Factor = Total mass of λ materials required to produce 1kg product (mass intensity) – 1 fresh Sector E - Factor Product Tonnage Oil Refining ≤ 0.1 10 6 - 10 8 Bulk Chemicals 1 – 5 10 4 – 10 6 Fine Chemicals 5 – 50+ 10 2 – 10 4 Pharmaceuticals 25 – 100+ 10 - 10 3
  17. 17. <ul><li>Industries: Pharma, Dyes, Pigment, Agro, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Pharma – 1 billion kgs per annum of Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Products: huge volumes & huge E-Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistries: Friedel Craft, Sulphonations, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Effluent Streams: Solid, Liquid, Gaseous </li></ul>Opportunities for Enviropreneurs
  18. 18. Universities Industries Common Man & Society Govt. Bodies & Financial Institutions Enviropreneurs IP & Knowledge Empowerment & Support Selling Ideas & Scale-up Sustainable Solutions Investment on R&D & Value for Solution Investments & Incentives Good ROI Employment & Healthy Living Enviropreneurs : Model for implementing Green Chemistry
  19. 19. Thank You & Wish all of You a “ Greener Future” from Team Newreka

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