2008 Global Hunger Index

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An innovative, enhanced approach for measuring hunger and undernutrition.

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2008 Global Hunger Index

  1. 1. 2008 Global Hunger Index An innovative, enhanced approach for measuring hunger and undernutrition
  2. 2. The Index combines three indicators and ranks countries accordingly <ul><li>Hunger is measured by using data on: </li></ul><ul><li>child malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>child mortality </li></ul><ul><li>proportion of people who are calorie deficient </li></ul>
  3. 3. 33 countries have “ alarming &quot; or “ extremely alarming ” levels of hunger <ul><li>The index ranks countries on a 100-point scale: </li></ul><ul><li>0 being the best (no hunger) </li></ul><ul><li>100 being the worst </li></ul>
  4. 4. Number of countries by level of hunger
  5. 5. 9 of the 10 countries that ranked the worst are in Sub-Saharan Africa <ul><li>The Democratic Republic of Congo scored the worst, followed by: </li></ul><ul><li>Eritrea </li></ul><ul><li>Burundi </li></ul><ul><li>Niger </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Leone </li></ul><ul><li>Liberia </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia </li></ul>
  6. 6. Progress in reducing hunger has been minimal in Sub-Saharan Africa <ul><li>Government ineffectiveness, conflict, political instability, and high HIV/AIDS rates contribute to hunger and child mortality in SSA </li></ul>
  7. 7. South Asia also has high levels of hunger <ul><li>However, South Asia has made significant strides in reducing hunger since 1990 </li></ul>© 2004 Don Doering
  8. 8. South Asia has a high prevalence of undernourished children <ul><li>mainly due to: </li></ul><ul><li>Lower nutritional and educational status of women </li></ul><ul><li>poor nutrition and health programs </li></ul><ul><li>inadequate water and sanitation services </li></ul>© 2004 Don Doering
  9. 9. India ranks 66 out of 88 countries on the 2008 Global Hunger Index <ul><li>12 Indian states have “alarming” levels of hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Madhya Pradesh has an “extremely alarming” level of hunger </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Global Hunger Index is an important tool to <ul><li>increase attention to the hunger problem </li></ul><ul><li>mobilize the political will to urgently combat it </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Global Hunger Index is an important tool to <ul><li>highlight countries most vulnerable to the global food crisis </li></ul><ul><li>help development organizations to better target countries by identifying those with the most severe hunger </li></ul>
  12. 12. Meeting basic needs is key to ending hunger <ul><li>Governments and civil society must increase investments in: </li></ul><ul><li>agriculture & research </li></ul><ul><li>health & nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>education </li></ul><ul><li>social protection </li></ul>© 2005 Klaus von Grebmer

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