Millionsfedppt20091112
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  • 1. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed www.ifpri.org/millionsfed
  • 2. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed Late 1950s: 1 billion people go hungry every day  Late 1950s: 1 billion people go hungry every day Scientists, policymakers, and farmers  initiate push to boost agricultural  production and productivity  • Global availability of food is  Global availability of food is increased • Access to food  improved p • Quality of food enhanced IRRI 2009: 1 billion people go hungry every day 
  • 3. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed Why this initiative? Why this initiative? • Identify and examine successes Identify and examine successes • Assess the evidence on what works • Draw out the lessons they offer
  • 4. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed How did we proceed? How did we proceed? • Throwing the net out Throwing the net out • Sorting the catch g • Selecting the most appropriate cases • Synthesizing the evidence
  • 5. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed
  • 6. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed Intensifying  I if i staple food  production Improving food  Integrating  quality and  people and the  human  environment nutrition Reforming  Expanding the  y economy‐wide  role of markets l f k t policies Diversifying  y g out of major  cereals
  • 7. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed Fighting a “Shifty Enemy”  Fighting a “Shifty Enemy” The international  NOS collaboration to contain  ll b i i Jeremy Horner/PAN wheat rusts • Challenge:  Stem and leaf rust destroying wheat fields around the  ld world • Innovation: Global effort leveraging modern science to breed rust‐ i t t i ti resistant varieties  • Impact: 117 million hectares of land protected from wheat rust; Food security for 60 120 million rural households Food security for 60‐120 million rural households Author: H. J. Dubin and John P. Brennan
  • 8. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed vices Resisting Viruses and Bugs Resisting Viruses and Bugs /Catholic Relief Serv Cassava in Sub‐Saharan Africa Debbie DeVoe/ • Challenge:  Spread of mosaic virus disease and mealybug pest  generating major losses for cassava, a staple food crop • Innovation: Breeding of disease‐resistant cassava varieties, and  introduction of a parasitic wasp to destroy mealybug • Impact: Breeding increased yields by 40%; Pest control  prevented yield losses of 2.5 tons/hectare;         29 million additional people fed 29 million additional people fed Author: Felix Nweke
  • 9. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed Crossing the River While  Crossing the River While Feeling the Rocks OS Land‐tenure reform in China L dt f i Chi Qilai Shen/PANO • Challenge:  Widespread food shortages after more than 30 years of  collective agriculture ll ti i lt • Innovation: Policy reforms reintroducing household farming, returning  more than 95% of farmland to 160 million rural households more than 95% of farmland to 160 million rural households • Impact: 1978‐84: increase in grain production by 34%; increase in  rural incomes by 137%; reduction in rural poverty by 22% rural incomes by 137%; reduction in rural poverty by 22% Author: John W. Bruce and Zongmin Li
  • 10. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed Diversifying into Healthy Diets Diversifying into Healthy Diets ational Homestead food production in  Helen Keller Interna Bangladesh H • Challenge:  Micronutrient deficiencies, such as Vitamin A, resulting in  night blindness • Innovation: Home gardening of micronutrient‐rich vegetables, small  livestock production, and nutrition education • Impact: Tripling in vegetable production; 73% of gardens  managed by women; improved food security for 5  million people Authors: Lora Iannotti, Kenda Cunningham, and Marie Ruel
  • 11. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed Why did it work? • Science and technology • Complementary investments immons, University of Arizona • Private incentives • Cooperation and collaboration • Timing and planning Timing and planning Kevin Fitzsi • Experimentation and evolution NDDB One Acre Fund • Community involvement • Leadership and dedication IRRI
  • 12. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed What can we learn? • Success is not unambiguous Success is not unambiguous • Success is a process • Success is not a substitute for strategy • Success is recognizable
  • 13. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed More successes are needed • Persistence of hunger g  A billion people still go hungry today  • New stresses  New stresses  Climate change M k Market volatility l ili  Demographic changes • Keep food security and agriculture high on the global  agenda
  • 14. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed Investing in agricultural development is  more important and urgent than ever. i t t d t th
  • 15. www.ifpri.org/millionsfed