Improving Land Rights to  Promote Development in Africa
Land—a vital asset for millions of Africans   © 1997 Suresh Babu/IFPRI
Land rights are critical for  development and can provide: <ul><li>economic security </li></ul><ul><li>incentives to prote...
Forms of land access and rights  <ul><li>jointly held by a group or members  of a community </li></ul><ul><li>owned solely...
A community sweetpotato field in Kenya In Africa, the poor often have rights to land, forests, or pastures when resources ...
Farmers in their field near Mpigi, Uganda In Africa, more than 30 percent of the land is jointly held by a group or commun...
Strengthening women’s rights to  land and other assets improves: <ul><li>agricultural productivity </li></ul><ul><li>house...
Land tenure needs to secure rights for: <ul><li>multiple users </li></ul><ul><li>women </li></ul><ul><li>pastoralists  </l...
How can land tenure reforms strengthen the rights of women and the poor?  Individual legal title to land does not necessar...
Formal land titling often erodes,  rather than improves, land rights <ul><li>Poor households often lack money to officiall...
Formal land titling often erodes,  rather than improves, land rights <ul><li>women and pastoralists can lose rights to lan...
Customary laws can also  threaten land rights Customary laws, while protecting common property, can often prevent women fr...
New approaches to improve land rights Reform that reflects customary tenure has to ensure that rights of women, groups, an...
New approaches to improve land rights <ul><li>Provide legal advice to inform the poor of their rights  </li></ul><ul><li>A...
There is no one-size-fits-all solution to reforming land rights in Africa <ul><li>Innovative approaches  to property  righ...
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Land Rights In Africa

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Land rights are critical for development and can provide economic security, incentives to protect the environment, and increased social status, especially for women.

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Land Rights In Africa

  1. 1. Improving Land Rights to Promote Development in Africa
  2. 2. Land—a vital asset for millions of Africans © 1997 Suresh Babu/IFPRI
  3. 3. Land rights are critical for development and can provide: <ul><li>economic security </li></ul><ul><li>incentives to protect the environment </li></ul><ul><li>increased social status, especially for women </li></ul>© 2006 Michele Pietrowski/IFPRI
  4. 4. Forms of land access and rights <ul><li>jointly held by a group or members of a community </li></ul><ul><li>owned solely by an individual </li></ul><ul><li>based on customary law, or the social rules of a community </li></ul><ul><li>based on legal titles registered with the government </li></ul><ul><li>access to public property, such as forests or reserves </li></ul>
  5. 5. A community sweetpotato field in Kenya In Africa, the poor often have rights to land, forests, or pastures when resources are held as common property © 2006 Michele Pietrowski/IFPRI
  6. 6. Farmers in their field near Mpigi, Uganda In Africa, more than 30 percent of the land is jointly held by a group or community © 2004 Michael Rubinstein/IFPRI
  7. 7. Strengthening women’s rights to land and other assets improves: <ul><li>agricultural productivity </li></ul><ul><li>household </li></ul><ul><li>welfare </li></ul><ul><li>women’s </li></ul><ul><li>decision-making power </li></ul>© 2006 Michele Pietrowski/IFPRI
  8. 8. Land tenure needs to secure rights for: <ul><li>multiple users </li></ul><ul><li>women </li></ul><ul><li>pastoralists </li></ul><ul><li>forest peoples </li></ul><ul><li>other poor or marginalized groups </li></ul>© 2006 Dhaki Tukuu
  9. 9. How can land tenure reforms strengthen the rights of women and the poor? Individual legal title to land does not necessarily improve rights, especially for women and pastoralists © 2006 Michael Rubinstein/IFPRI
  10. 10. Formal land titling often erodes, rather than improves, land rights <ul><li>Poor households often lack money to officially register land and can lose access to resources when it is divided into private property </li></ul><ul><li>Individualized ownership fails to take into account common property arrangements and flexible boundaries based on customary law </li></ul>
  11. 11. Formal land titling often erodes, rather than improves, land rights <ul><li>women and pastoralists can lose rights to land once held in common when property is titled to individuals </li></ul>© 2006 Michael Rubinstein/IFPRI
  12. 12. Customary laws can also threaten land rights Customary laws, while protecting common property, can often prevent women from owning and inheriting land © 2003 Anna Temu/IFPRI
  13. 13. New approaches to improve land rights Reform that reflects customary tenure has to ensure that rights of women, groups, and the poor are safeguarded © 2006 Michael Rubinstein/IFPRI
  14. 14. New approaches to improve land rights <ul><li>Provide legal advice to inform the poor of their rights </li></ul><ul><li>Alter bank lending rules to accommodate group rights </li></ul>© 2002 Michael Rubinstein/IFPRI
  15. 15. There is no one-size-fits-all solution to reforming land rights in Africa <ul><li>Innovative approaches to property rights can achieve equity, protect the environment, and improve the lives of the poor </li></ul>© 2003 Anna Temu/IFPRI

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