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The road from Kyoto to Copenhagen: how can we ensure sustainable growth? Geraldo Martha, Jr. Embrapa Estudos Estratégicos ...
Source: MCT (2009). Brazilian GHG Emissions
Source: MCT (2009). Brazilian Mitigation Actions
Source: MCT (2009). Composition of the Brazilian GHG Emissions
R&D at Embrapa: some examples in sustainable technologies / agricultural systems (focus on mitigation actions) <ul><li>tec...
Target 1: 15 M ha of degraded areas  (- 83-104 M mt CO2-e)
Target 2: 4 M ha of ICLS+forests  (- 18-22 M mt CO2-e)
Avoided Deforestation Martha & Vilela (2009). 1 ha of degraded pasture (0.4 hd./ha) Environmental Commitement (key-part of...
Sousa et al., 1997 Corn/soybean rotation Pasture following crop Crop following pasture Soil organic matter content (%) Car...
Continuous crop Crop/livestock systems Banco de sementes de plantas invasoras Weeds x ICLS
Sousa et al., 2007 Nutrient-Use Efficiency x ICLS
Barioni, Sainz & Martha, Jr. (unpublished) Pastoral Systems x GHG Emissions
Martha Jr.; Barioni; Sainz, 2009 (unpublished) Return to investment and Financial Needs, 2009-2030
With  Bradyrhizobium Without  Bradyrhizobium Anual economy: ~ US$ 5 billion Target 3: 5.5 M ha of BNF  (- 16-20 M mt CO2-e)
Target 4: 8 M ha of No-Till Planting  (- 16-20 M mt CO2-e)
R&D at Embrapa: some examples in sustainable technologies / agricultural systems (focus on adaptation actions) <ul><li>ass...
Drought tolerant wheat Drought susceptible wheat New cultivars Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
New cultivars Macaúba   (Acrocomia aculeata) Pinhão-manso (Jatropha  curcas) Capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum) Sustain...
Improved Soil Conservation Techniques Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
Soil quality 61% 29% 8% 1% 1% 60 0 15 30 45 75 With gypsum without gypsum Depth (cm) ‏ 30% 22% 18% 18% 12% Sousa et al. 19...
Soil quality Sousa et al. (2006). Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
Agro-Ecological Zonning System Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
Improved Water-Use Efficiency Development and Management of Efficient Irrigation Systems SUPERFICIAL CENTER PIVOTS MICRO-S...
Training & Education
Technology transfer for ICLS  focus Best management practices
<ul><li>There are clear opportunities for accommodating food and biofuel expansion  in the Brazilian Cerrado in a sustaina...
<ul><li>A lag between adoption and the realization of productivity benefits may create an adoption threshold, especially w...
Thank you ! [email_address] +55 61 3448-1734
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The Road from Kyoto to Copenhagen: How Can We Ensure Sustainable Growth?

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Gerardo Martha, Jr.
EMBRAPA

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Transcript of "The Road from Kyoto to Copenhagen: How Can We Ensure Sustainable Growth?"

  1. 1. The road from Kyoto to Copenhagen: how can we ensure sustainable growth? Geraldo Martha, Jr. Embrapa Estudos Estratégicos e Capacitação IFPRI Meeting, Bold actions for stimulating inclusive growth, June 2 2010
  2. 2. Source: MCT (2009). Brazilian GHG Emissions
  3. 3. Source: MCT (2009). Brazilian Mitigation Actions
  4. 4. Source: MCT (2009). Composition of the Brazilian GHG Emissions
  5. 5. R&D at Embrapa: some examples in sustainable technologies / agricultural systems (focus on mitigation actions) <ul><li>technical and economic potential do mitigate emissions; </li></ul><ul><li>co-benefits that improve agricultural productivity and resilience (food security, adaptation); </li></ul>
  6. 6. Target 1: 15 M ha of degraded areas (- 83-104 M mt CO2-e)
  7. 7. Target 2: 4 M ha of ICLS+forests (- 18-22 M mt CO2-e)
  8. 8. Avoided Deforestation Martha & Vilela (2009). 1 ha of degraded pasture (0.4 hd./ha) Environmental Commitement (key-part of all actions)
  9. 9. Sousa et al., 1997 Corn/soybean rotation Pasture following crop Crop following pasture Soil organic matter content (%) Carbon mitigation x ICLS
  10. 10. Continuous crop Crop/livestock systems Banco de sementes de plantas invasoras Weeds x ICLS
  11. 11. Sousa et al., 2007 Nutrient-Use Efficiency x ICLS
  12. 12. Barioni, Sainz & Martha, Jr. (unpublished) Pastoral Systems x GHG Emissions
  13. 13. Martha Jr.; Barioni; Sainz, 2009 (unpublished) Return to investment and Financial Needs, 2009-2030
  14. 14. With Bradyrhizobium Without Bradyrhizobium Anual economy: ~ US$ 5 billion Target 3: 5.5 M ha of BNF (- 16-20 M mt CO2-e)
  15. 15. Target 4: 8 M ha of No-Till Planting (- 16-20 M mt CO2-e)
  16. 16. R&D at Embrapa: some examples in sustainable technologies / agricultural systems (focus on adaptation actions) <ul><li>assign high priority to mitigation actions that have strong adaptation benefits; </li></ul>
  17. 17. Drought tolerant wheat Drought susceptible wheat New cultivars Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
  18. 18. New cultivars Macaúba (Acrocomia aculeata) Pinhão-manso (Jatropha curcas) Capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum) Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
  19. 19. Improved Soil Conservation Techniques Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
  20. 20. Soil quality 61% 29% 8% 1% 1% 60 0 15 30 45 75 With gypsum without gypsum Depth (cm) ‏ 30% 22% 18% 18% 12% Sousa et al. 1995 Relative distribution of corn roots in a clay oxisol profile after phopho-gypsum application. Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
  21. 21. Soil quality Sousa et al. (2006). Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
  22. 22. Agro-Ecological Zonning System Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
  23. 23. Improved Water-Use Efficiency Development and Management of Efficient Irrigation Systems SUPERFICIAL CENTER PIVOTS MICRO-SPRINKLER DRIP Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Tropics
  24. 24. Training & Education
  25. 25. Technology transfer for ICLS focus Best management practices
  26. 26. <ul><li>There are clear opportunities for accommodating food and biofuel expansion in the Brazilian Cerrado in a sustainable way; </li></ul><ul><li>Public-private partnership played a very important role in the development of the Brazilian Cerrado agriculture and its importance is strengthened in face of future food, energy and environmental challenges; </li></ul><ul><li>Intensifying pastoral systems in a sustainable way, and promoting initiatives on capacity strengthening, will be of central importance for a low-carbon agriculture; </li></ul>Final Comments
  27. 27. <ul><li>A lag between adoption and the realization of productivity benefits may create an adoption threshold, especially when a farmer is uncertain about future productive benefits or when he highly discounts future benefits. Farmers must have access to adequate financing to avoid exacerbating this threshold effect; </li></ul><ul><li>Successful scaling-up depends upon multi-stakeholder approaches. Knowledge exchange, capacity development, technology transfer and well-functioning input and market chains are key-components to foster the adoption of sustainable technologies. </li></ul>Final Comments
  28. 28. Thank you ! [email_address] +55 61 3448-1734
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