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IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young
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IFPRI Policy Seminar "Evidence-Based Policymaking" Presentation by John Young

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IFPRI Policy

IFPRI Policy

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  • What are you trying to learn:Impact of research on policy and practice?Impact of changes in policy / practice on livelihoods?Why:To improve your own practice?To satisfy the donor?To demonstrate value for money?
  • Transcript

    • 1. Measuring the impact of research: experience from ODI’s RAPID Programme
      John Young
      Overseas Development Institute J.young@odi.org.uk
    • 2. Commission research
      Analyse the results
      Choose the best option
      Establish the policy
      Implement the policy
      Evaluation
      Policy processes are not...
      Identify the problem
    • 3. Policy processes are...
      Cabinet
      Donors
      Policy Formulation
      Parliament
      Agenda
      Setting
      Decision
      Making
      Civil Society
      Ministries
      Monitoring and Evaluation
      Policy Implementation
      Private Sector
    • 4. Policy is chaos
      “The whole life of policy is a chaos of purposes and accidents. It is not at all a matter of the rational implementation of the so-called decisions through selected strategies”
      Clay & Schaffer (1984), Room for Manoeuvre: An Exploration of Public Policy in Agricultural and Rural Development, Heineman Educational Books, London
    • 5. Policy is complex
      Interconnected
      Feedback
      Emergence
    • Research plays a minor role
      Kate Bird et al, Fracture Points in Social Policies for Chronic Poverty Reduction, ODI WP242, 2004 (http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/working_papers/wp242.pdf)
    • 12. Research can transform lives
      “The results of household disease surveys informed processes of health service reform which contributed to a 43 and 46 per cent reduction in infant mortality between 2000 and 2003 in two districts in rural Tanzania.”
      TEHIP Project, Tanzania: www.idrc.ca/tehip
    • 13. An iterative flexible approach
    • 14. Policy objectives
      • Discursive: Client-focused services
      • 15. Attitudinal: Farmers have good ideas
      • 16. Procedural: Participatory approaches to service development
      • 17. Content: UU20, UU25. New guidelines
      • 18. Behavioural: Approach being applied in practice
    • The Cynefn Framework
    • 19. What should you measure?
      “If you don't know where you are going, any road will get you there”
    • 20. Strategy and direction –are you doing the right thing?
      Management –are you doing what you planned to do?
      Outputs– are the outputs appropriate for the audience?
      Uptake – are people aware of your work?
      Outcomes and impacts –are you having any impact?
      Strategy and direction
      Management
      Outputs
      Uptake
      Outcomes and impacts
      What should you measure?
    • 21. Focus on behaviour change
      Project
      Team
      Impact
      Outcomes
      Other Actors
      Inputs
      Activities
      Outputs
      Outcomes
      Impact
      Outcomes
      Impact
      BehaviourChange
    • 22. International Research
      The Hubl Study
      Episode Studies
      1970s
      1980s
      1990s
      2000s
      Professionalisation of Public Services.
      Structural Adjustment -> collapse of services.
      Paravet projects emerge.
      ITDG projects.
      Privatisation.
      ITDG Paravet network.
      Rapid spread in North.
      KVB letter (January 1998).
      Multistakeholder WSs -> new policies.
      Still not approved / passed!
      Professionalisationof Public Services.
      Structural Adjustment
      Privatisation
      ITDG Paravet networkand change of DVS.
      KVB letter(January 1998).
      Multistakeholder WSs ->new policies.
      ITDG projects – collaborative research.
      Dr Kajume
    • 23. Outcome Mapping
      OUTCOME MAPPING:Building Learning and Reflection into Development ProgramsSarah Earl, Fred Carden, and Terry Smutylo
      http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-9330-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html
    • 24. Social Network Analysis
      www.odi.org.uk/RAPID/Tools/Toolkits/KM/Social_network_analysis.html
    • 25. RAPID Outcome Assessment
      www.odi.org.uk/RAPID/Publications/RAPID_WP_266.html
    • 26. Most Significant Change
      Collect “stories of change” from different stakholders
      Systematic analysis of “significance”.
      http://www.mande.co.uk/docs/MSCGuide.pdf
    • 27. Others....
      Classical case studies (IDRC, IFPRI)
      Stories of Change (Denning)
      Innovation Histories (CIAT)
      HERG Payback Framework (Hanney)
      Micro-Narratives (Snowden)
      Impact matrices (Davies)
      Peer evaluations (CHSRF)
      Systematic reviews?
      RCTs?
    • 28. Conclusions
      Research to influence policy/practice:
      Clear objectives
      Understand the context
      Theory of change
      Iterative / learning approach
      Measuring impact
      Clear objectives
      Theory of change
      5-levels
      Multiple methods
      Triangulation
      Expect the unexpected

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