IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"

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Speakers:

Speakers:
Nienke Beintema
Eugene Terry
Greg Traxler

Held at IFPRI, Washington, DC on Thursday, 7 April 2011

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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" Presentation Transcript

  • COMMENTARY
    EUGENE R. TERRY
    SENIOR TECHNICAL ADVISER, TRANSFARM AFRICA
    APRIL 7 2011
    AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL R&D –PROGRESS FOR SOME CHALLENGES FOR MANY
  • HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY FOR EXISTING AND IMMINENT CHALLENGES IN AFRICAN AR4D
    SOME OVERARCHING MESSAGES
    TO MEET REALITIES OF EMERGING CHALLENGES - REQUIRED - A TRANSFORMED AR4D ARCHITECTURE
    FOR RESEARCH OUTPUTS TO BE TRANSLATED TODEVELOPMENT OUTCOMES FOR IMPACT – REQUIRED – MECHANISMS AND PATHWAYS
    BUT -
    EVEN THE BEST RESEARCH IS NOT SUFFICIENT TO REDUCE POVERTY
    FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LIVELIHOODS PROMOTION – REQUIRED - INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC INNOVATION AND MULTI-STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT
    FOR EVERY SCIENTIST WORKING DIRECTLY ON DEVELOPMENT SOLUTIONS - REQUIRED A FURTHER EIGHT (8) SKILLED PROFESSIONALSTO SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION
    Refs -TAR4D GCARD 2010 (Lele, Pretty, Terry, Trigo); Food Policy Report 2011 ASTI Beintema, Stads; 100 Top questions for global agriculture, Pretty et al 2010 (Terry co-author); Capacity Dev. And Investment in Ag. R&D in Africa, Blackie et al 2010
  • IMPACT OF STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS IN AR4D CAPACITY – LOSERS AND WINNERS
    AN IMPACT REALITY CHECK :
    THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY FOR TIMELY AND APPROPRIATE RESPONSES TO CAADP FRAMEWORK OPPPORTUNITIES
    THE - CAPACITY TO IMPLEMENT THE STRATEGIC INITIATIVES IN THE CAADP FRAMEWORK CYCLE
    COUNTRY COMPACTS – TWENTY THREE (23) COUNTRIES
    COUNTRY NATIONAL AGRICULTURE SECTOR INVESTMENT PLANS (AT LEAST TEN (10) BY JUNE 2010)
    REGIONAL AGRICULTURE SECTOR INVESTMENT PLANS (ECOWAS/COMESA)
  • AN EXAMPLE OF AN OPPORTUNITY (ALMOST) LOST - TANZANIA
    THE EXAMPLE - A BUSINESS PROPOSITION
    INTRODUCTION OF HIGH QUALITY SEED OF IMPROVED POTATOES FOR COMMERCIALIZATION IN KENYA AND TANZANIA - FOR SMALLHOLDER LIVELIHOOD AND POVERTY REDUCTION
    CROP GROWN BY APP. 125,000 SMALLHOLDERS IN TANZANIA
    CURRENT YIELDS 3-5T/HA
    USE OF QUALITY SEED OF IMPROVED VARIETIES WILL PRODUCE INCREASED YIELDS – 15-25T/HA
    SIGNIFICANT POTENTIALS AND DIFFICULT OBSTACLES
    CURRENTLY NO KNOWN COMMERCIAL SEED POTATO PRODUCERS IN TANZANIA
    NO POTATO PLANT BREEDING PROGRAM/PLANT BREEDER AND STAFF DEDICATED TO POTATO IMPROVEMENT FOR THE LAST 20 YEARS
  • THE OPPORTUNITY FULLY EXPOLITED IN KENYA
    IN KENYA BY CONTRAST
    THERE IS A VIABLE NATIONAL COMMERCIAL POTATO PRODUCTION PROGRAM
    THERE IS A COMMERCIAL SEED PRODUCTION INDUSTRY - MINITUBERS IN AEROPONIC PRODUCTION UNITS - GTIL
    THERE EXISTS TECHNICAL HUMAN RESOURCES FOR VARIETAL TESTING, CERTIFICATION AND RELEASE –KARI/KEPHIS
    KENYA WAS THEREFORE AN ATTRACTIVE AND A LOGICAL LOCATION FOR THE INTERNATIONAL POTATO CENTER (CIP) PROGRAM FOR EAST AFRICA - GURANTEED ACCESS TO QUALITY SEED OF CIP IMPROVED VARIETIES IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN
    CIP HAS BEEN UNABLE TO ESTABLISH A SIMILAR PROGRAM IN TANZANIA
  • BECAUSE BARRIERS EXIST INTANZANIA WHICH REQUIRE SPECIFIC AR4D CAPACITY TO REMOVE - NO SUCH BARRIERS IN KENYA
    BARRIERS
    IMPORTATION – PHYTOSANITARY CLEARANCE
    ACCESS TO MINITUBERS – AEROPONICALLY GROWN (FROM KENYA)
    VARIETY RELEASE PROCEDURES
    ON-FARM TRIALS
    DISTINCTIVENESS/UNIFORMITY/STABILITY TRIALS
    PERFORMANCE TRIALS
    SEED CERTIFICATION
    COMPILATION OF TRIAL RESULTS DOSSIER
    APPROVAL BY COMMITTEES
    FINANCIAL AND HUMAN RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS NOT CURRENTLY AVAILABLE FROM PUBLIC SECTOR RESOURCES
    ABSENT THE TRANSFARM AFRICA (TFA) PROJECT - DESIGNED PARTLY TO REMOVE BARRIERS TO SEED TRADE IN EAST AFRICA – THE OPPORTUNITY WILL BE LOST
  • MINITUBERS FROM AEROPONICS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT -2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT - 2010
  • AEROPONICS FOR POTATO MINITUBERS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT – 2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT -2010