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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"

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Speakers: …

Speakers:
Nienke Beintema
Eugene Terry
Greg Traxler

Held at IFPRI, Washington, DC on Thursday, 7 April 2011

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • 1. COMMENTARY<br />EUGENE R. TERRY<br />SENIOR TECHNICAL ADVISER, TRANSFARM AFRICA<br />APRIL 7 2011<br />AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL R&D –PROGRESS FOR SOME CHALLENGES FOR MANY<br />
  • 2. HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY FOR EXISTING AND IMMINENT CHALLENGES IN AFRICAN AR4D<br />SOME OVERARCHING MESSAGES<br />TO MEET REALITIES OF EMERGING CHALLENGES - REQUIRED - A TRANSFORMED AR4D ARCHITECTURE <br />FOR RESEARCH OUTPUTS TO BE TRANSLATED TODEVELOPMENT OUTCOMES FOR IMPACT – REQUIRED – MECHANISMS AND PATHWAYS<br />BUT -<br /> EVEN THE BEST RESEARCH IS NOT SUFFICIENT TO REDUCE POVERTY<br />FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LIVELIHOODS PROMOTION – REQUIRED - INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC INNOVATION AND MULTI-STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT<br />FOR EVERY SCIENTIST WORKING DIRECTLY ON DEVELOPMENT SOLUTIONS - REQUIRED A FURTHER EIGHT (8) SKILLED PROFESSIONALSTO SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION<br />Refs -TAR4D GCARD 2010 (Lele, Pretty, Terry, Trigo); Food Policy Report 2011 ASTI Beintema, Stads; 100 Top questions for global agriculture, Pretty et al 2010 (Terry co-author); Capacity Dev. And Investment in Ag. R&D in Africa, Blackie et al 2010<br />
  • 3. IMPACT OF STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS IN AR4D CAPACITY – LOSERS AND WINNERS<br /> AN IMPACT REALITY CHECK :<br />THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY FOR TIMELY AND APPROPRIATE RESPONSES TO CAADP FRAMEWORK OPPPORTUNITIES<br />THE - CAPACITY TO IMPLEMENT THE STRATEGIC INITIATIVES IN THE CAADP FRAMEWORK CYCLE<br />COUNTRY COMPACTS – TWENTY THREE (23) COUNTRIES<br />COUNTRY NATIONAL AGRICULTURE SECTOR INVESTMENT PLANS (AT LEAST TEN (10) BY JUNE 2010)<br />REGIONAL AGRICULTURE SECTOR INVESTMENT PLANS (ECOWAS/COMESA)<br />
  • 4. AN EXAMPLE OF AN OPPORTUNITY (ALMOST) LOST - TANZANIA <br />THE EXAMPLE - A BUSINESS PROPOSITION <br />INTRODUCTION OF HIGH QUALITY SEED OF IMPROVED POTATOES FOR COMMERCIALIZATION IN KENYA AND TANZANIA - FOR SMALLHOLDER LIVELIHOOD AND POVERTY REDUCTION <br />CROP GROWN BY APP. 125,000 SMALLHOLDERS IN TANZANIA<br />CURRENT YIELDS 3-5T/HA<br /> USE OF QUALITY SEED OF IMPROVED VARIETIES WILL PRODUCE INCREASED YIELDS – 15-25T/HA<br />SIGNIFICANT POTENTIALS AND DIFFICULT OBSTACLES<br />CURRENTLY NO KNOWN COMMERCIAL SEED POTATO PRODUCERS IN TANZANIA<br />NO POTATO PLANT BREEDING PROGRAM/PLANT BREEDER AND STAFF DEDICATED TO POTATO IMPROVEMENT FOR THE LAST 20 YEARS<br />
  • 5. THE OPPORTUNITY FULLY EXPOLITED IN KENYA<br />IN KENYA BY CONTRAST<br />THERE IS A VIABLE NATIONAL COMMERCIAL POTATO PRODUCTION PROGRAM<br />THERE IS A COMMERCIAL SEED PRODUCTION INDUSTRY - MINITUBERS IN AEROPONIC PRODUCTION UNITS - GTIL<br />THERE EXISTS TECHNICAL HUMAN RESOURCES FOR VARIETAL TESTING, CERTIFICATION AND RELEASE –KARI/KEPHIS <br />KENYA WAS THEREFORE AN ATTRACTIVE AND A LOGICAL LOCATION FOR THE INTERNATIONAL POTATO CENTER (CIP) PROGRAM FOR EAST AFRICA - GURANTEED ACCESS TO QUALITY SEED OF CIP IMPROVED VARIETIES IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN<br />CIP HAS BEEN UNABLE TO ESTABLISH A SIMILAR PROGRAM IN TANZANIA<br />
  • 6. BECAUSE BARRIERS EXIST INTANZANIA WHICH REQUIRE SPECIFIC AR4D CAPACITY TO REMOVE - NO SUCH BARRIERS IN KENYA<br />BARRIERS<br />IMPORTATION – PHYTOSANITARY CLEARANCE<br />ACCESS TO MINITUBERS – AEROPONICALLY GROWN (FROM KENYA)<br />VARIETY RELEASE PROCEDURES<br />ON-FARM TRIALS <br />DISTINCTIVENESS/UNIFORMITY/STABILITY TRIALS<br />PERFORMANCE TRIALS<br />SEED CERTIFICATION<br />COMPILATION OF TRIAL RESULTS DOSSIER <br />APPROVAL BY COMMITTEES<br />FINANCIAL AND HUMAN RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS NOT CURRENTLY AVAILABLE FROM PUBLIC SECTOR RESOURCES<br />ABSENT THE TRANSFARM AFRICA (TFA) PROJECT - DESIGNED PARTLY TO REMOVE BARRIERS TO SEED TRADE IN EAST AFRICA – THE OPPORTUNITY WILL BE LOST<br />
  • 7. MINITUBERS FROM AEROPONICS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT -2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT - 2010<br />
  • 8. AEROPONICS FOR POTATO MINITUBERS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT – 2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT -2010 <br />

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