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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"
 

IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"

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Speakers:

Speakers:
Nienke Beintema
Eugene Terry
Greg Traxler

Held at IFPRI, Washington, DC on Thursday, 7 April 2011

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    IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" Presentation Transcript

    • COMMENTARY
      EUGENE R. TERRY
      SENIOR TECHNICAL ADVISER, TRANSFARM AFRICA
      APRIL 7 2011
      AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL R&D –PROGRESS FOR SOME CHALLENGES FOR MANY
    • HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY FOR EXISTING AND IMMINENT CHALLENGES IN AFRICAN AR4D
      SOME OVERARCHING MESSAGES
      TO MEET REALITIES OF EMERGING CHALLENGES - REQUIRED - A TRANSFORMED AR4D ARCHITECTURE
      FOR RESEARCH OUTPUTS TO BE TRANSLATED TODEVELOPMENT OUTCOMES FOR IMPACT – REQUIRED – MECHANISMS AND PATHWAYS
      BUT -
      EVEN THE BEST RESEARCH IS NOT SUFFICIENT TO REDUCE POVERTY
      FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LIVELIHOODS PROMOTION – REQUIRED - INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC INNOVATION AND MULTI-STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT
      FOR EVERY SCIENTIST WORKING DIRECTLY ON DEVELOPMENT SOLUTIONS - REQUIRED A FURTHER EIGHT (8) SKILLED PROFESSIONALSTO SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION
      Refs -TAR4D GCARD 2010 (Lele, Pretty, Terry, Trigo); Food Policy Report 2011 ASTI Beintema, Stads; 100 Top questions for global agriculture, Pretty et al 2010 (Terry co-author); Capacity Dev. And Investment in Ag. R&D in Africa, Blackie et al 2010
    • IMPACT OF STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS IN AR4D CAPACITY – LOSERS AND WINNERS
      AN IMPACT REALITY CHECK :
      THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY FOR TIMELY AND APPROPRIATE RESPONSES TO CAADP FRAMEWORK OPPPORTUNITIES
      THE - CAPACITY TO IMPLEMENT THE STRATEGIC INITIATIVES IN THE CAADP FRAMEWORK CYCLE
      COUNTRY COMPACTS – TWENTY THREE (23) COUNTRIES
      COUNTRY NATIONAL AGRICULTURE SECTOR INVESTMENT PLANS (AT LEAST TEN (10) BY JUNE 2010)
      REGIONAL AGRICULTURE SECTOR INVESTMENT PLANS (ECOWAS/COMESA)
    • AN EXAMPLE OF AN OPPORTUNITY (ALMOST) LOST - TANZANIA
      THE EXAMPLE - A BUSINESS PROPOSITION
      INTRODUCTION OF HIGH QUALITY SEED OF IMPROVED POTATOES FOR COMMERCIALIZATION IN KENYA AND TANZANIA - FOR SMALLHOLDER LIVELIHOOD AND POVERTY REDUCTION
      CROP GROWN BY APP. 125,000 SMALLHOLDERS IN TANZANIA
      CURRENT YIELDS 3-5T/HA
      USE OF QUALITY SEED OF IMPROVED VARIETIES WILL PRODUCE INCREASED YIELDS – 15-25T/HA
      SIGNIFICANT POTENTIALS AND DIFFICULT OBSTACLES
      CURRENTLY NO KNOWN COMMERCIAL SEED POTATO PRODUCERS IN TANZANIA
      NO POTATO PLANT BREEDING PROGRAM/PLANT BREEDER AND STAFF DEDICATED TO POTATO IMPROVEMENT FOR THE LAST 20 YEARS
    • THE OPPORTUNITY FULLY EXPOLITED IN KENYA
      IN KENYA BY CONTRAST
      THERE IS A VIABLE NATIONAL COMMERCIAL POTATO PRODUCTION PROGRAM
      THERE IS A COMMERCIAL SEED PRODUCTION INDUSTRY - MINITUBERS IN AEROPONIC PRODUCTION UNITS - GTIL
      THERE EXISTS TECHNICAL HUMAN RESOURCES FOR VARIETAL TESTING, CERTIFICATION AND RELEASE –KARI/KEPHIS
      KENYA WAS THEREFORE AN ATTRACTIVE AND A LOGICAL LOCATION FOR THE INTERNATIONAL POTATO CENTER (CIP) PROGRAM FOR EAST AFRICA - GURANTEED ACCESS TO QUALITY SEED OF CIP IMPROVED VARIETIES IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN
      CIP HAS BEEN UNABLE TO ESTABLISH A SIMILAR PROGRAM IN TANZANIA
    • BECAUSE BARRIERS EXIST INTANZANIA WHICH REQUIRE SPECIFIC AR4D CAPACITY TO REMOVE - NO SUCH BARRIERS IN KENYA
      BARRIERS
      IMPORTATION – PHYTOSANITARY CLEARANCE
      ACCESS TO MINITUBERS – AEROPONICALLY GROWN (FROM KENYA)
      VARIETY RELEASE PROCEDURES
      ON-FARM TRIALS
      DISTINCTIVENESS/UNIFORMITY/STABILITY TRIALS
      PERFORMANCE TRIALS
      SEED CERTIFICATION
      COMPILATION OF TRIAL RESULTS DOSSIER
      APPROVAL BY COMMITTEES
      FINANCIAL AND HUMAN RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS NOT CURRENTLY AVAILABLE FROM PUBLIC SECTOR RESOURCES
      ABSENT THE TRANSFARM AFRICA (TFA) PROJECT - DESIGNED PARTLY TO REMOVE BARRIERS TO SEED TRADE IN EAST AFRICA – THE OPPORTUNITY WILL BE LOST
    • MINITUBERS FROM AEROPONICS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT -2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT - 2010
    • AEROPONICS FOR POTATO MINITUBERS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT – 2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT -2010