COMMENTARY<br />EUGENE R. TERRY<br />SENIOR TECHNICAL ADVISER, TRANSFARM AFRICA<br />APRIL 7 2011<br />AFRICAN AGRICULTURA...
HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY FOR  EXISTING AND IMMINENT CHALLENGES  IN AFRICAN AR4D<br />SOME OVERARCHING MESSAGES<br />TO MEET...
 IMPACT OF STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS IN AR4D CAPACITY – LOSERS AND WINNERS<br /> AN IMPACT  REALITY CHECK :<br />THE QUALITY A...
AN EXAMPLE OF AN OPPORTUNITY (ALMOST) LOST -  TANZANIA  <br />THE EXAMPLE -  A BUSINESS PROPOSITION <br />INTRODUCTION OF ...
THE OPPORTUNITY FULLY EXPOLITED IN KENYA<br />IN KENYA  BY CONTRAST<br />THERE IS  A VIABLE NATIONAL COMMERCIAL POTATO PRO...
BECAUSE BARRIERS EXIST INTANZANIA WHICH REQUIRE SPECIFIC AR4D CAPACITY TO REMOVE  - NO SUCH BARRIERS IN KENYA<br />BARRIER...
MINITUBERS FROM AEROPONICS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT -2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT - 2010<br />
AEROPONICS FOR POTATO MINITUBERS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT – 2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT -2010 <br />
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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"

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Speakers:
Nienke Beintema
Eugene Terry
Greg Traxler

Held at IFPRI, Washington, DC on Thursday, 7 April 2011

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities"

  1. 1. COMMENTARY<br />EUGENE R. TERRY<br />SENIOR TECHNICAL ADVISER, TRANSFARM AFRICA<br />APRIL 7 2011<br />AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL R&D –PROGRESS FOR SOME CHALLENGES FOR MANY<br />
  2. 2. HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY FOR EXISTING AND IMMINENT CHALLENGES IN AFRICAN AR4D<br />SOME OVERARCHING MESSAGES<br />TO MEET REALITIES OF EMERGING CHALLENGES - REQUIRED - A TRANSFORMED AR4D ARCHITECTURE <br />FOR RESEARCH OUTPUTS TO BE TRANSLATED TODEVELOPMENT OUTCOMES FOR IMPACT – REQUIRED – MECHANISMS AND PATHWAYS<br />BUT -<br /> EVEN THE BEST RESEARCH IS NOT SUFFICIENT TO REDUCE POVERTY<br />FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LIVELIHOODS PROMOTION – REQUIRED - INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC INNOVATION AND MULTI-STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT<br />FOR EVERY SCIENTIST WORKING DIRECTLY ON DEVELOPMENT SOLUTIONS - REQUIRED A FURTHER EIGHT (8) SKILLED PROFESSIONALSTO SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION<br />Refs -TAR4D GCARD 2010 (Lele, Pretty, Terry, Trigo); Food Policy Report 2011 ASTI Beintema, Stads; 100 Top questions for global agriculture, Pretty et al 2010 (Terry co-author); Capacity Dev. And Investment in Ag. R&D in Africa, Blackie et al 2010<br />
  3. 3. IMPACT OF STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS IN AR4D CAPACITY – LOSERS AND WINNERS<br /> AN IMPACT REALITY CHECK :<br />THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY FOR TIMELY AND APPROPRIATE RESPONSES TO CAADP FRAMEWORK OPPPORTUNITIES<br />THE - CAPACITY TO IMPLEMENT THE STRATEGIC INITIATIVES IN THE CAADP FRAMEWORK CYCLE<br />COUNTRY COMPACTS – TWENTY THREE (23) COUNTRIES<br />COUNTRY NATIONAL AGRICULTURE SECTOR INVESTMENT PLANS (AT LEAST TEN (10) BY JUNE 2010)<br />REGIONAL AGRICULTURE SECTOR INVESTMENT PLANS (ECOWAS/COMESA)<br />
  4. 4. AN EXAMPLE OF AN OPPORTUNITY (ALMOST) LOST - TANZANIA <br />THE EXAMPLE - A BUSINESS PROPOSITION <br />INTRODUCTION OF HIGH QUALITY SEED OF IMPROVED POTATOES FOR COMMERCIALIZATION IN KENYA AND TANZANIA - FOR SMALLHOLDER LIVELIHOOD AND POVERTY REDUCTION <br />CROP GROWN BY APP. 125,000 SMALLHOLDERS IN TANZANIA<br />CURRENT YIELDS 3-5T/HA<br /> USE OF QUALITY SEED OF IMPROVED VARIETIES WILL PRODUCE INCREASED YIELDS – 15-25T/HA<br />SIGNIFICANT POTENTIALS AND DIFFICULT OBSTACLES<br />CURRENTLY NO KNOWN COMMERCIAL SEED POTATO PRODUCERS IN TANZANIA<br />NO POTATO PLANT BREEDING PROGRAM/PLANT BREEDER AND STAFF DEDICATED TO POTATO IMPROVEMENT FOR THE LAST 20 YEARS<br />
  5. 5. THE OPPORTUNITY FULLY EXPOLITED IN KENYA<br />IN KENYA BY CONTRAST<br />THERE IS A VIABLE NATIONAL COMMERCIAL POTATO PRODUCTION PROGRAM<br />THERE IS A COMMERCIAL SEED PRODUCTION INDUSTRY - MINITUBERS IN AEROPONIC PRODUCTION UNITS - GTIL<br />THERE EXISTS TECHNICAL HUMAN RESOURCES FOR VARIETAL TESTING, CERTIFICATION AND RELEASE –KARI/KEPHIS <br />KENYA WAS THEREFORE AN ATTRACTIVE AND A LOGICAL LOCATION FOR THE INTERNATIONAL POTATO CENTER (CIP) PROGRAM FOR EAST AFRICA - GURANTEED ACCESS TO QUALITY SEED OF CIP IMPROVED VARIETIES IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN<br />CIP HAS BEEN UNABLE TO ESTABLISH A SIMILAR PROGRAM IN TANZANIA<br />
  6. 6. BECAUSE BARRIERS EXIST INTANZANIA WHICH REQUIRE SPECIFIC AR4D CAPACITY TO REMOVE - NO SUCH BARRIERS IN KENYA<br />BARRIERS<br />IMPORTATION – PHYTOSANITARY CLEARANCE<br />ACCESS TO MINITUBERS – AEROPONICALLY GROWN (FROM KENYA)<br />VARIETY RELEASE PROCEDURES<br />ON-FARM TRIALS <br />DISTINCTIVENESS/UNIFORMITY/STABILITY TRIALS<br />PERFORMANCE TRIALS<br />SEED CERTIFICATION<br />COMPILATION OF TRIAL RESULTS DOSSIER <br />APPROVAL BY COMMITTEES<br />FINANCIAL AND HUMAN RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS NOT CURRENTLY AVAILABLE FROM PUBLIC SECTOR RESOURCES<br />ABSENT THE TRANSFARM AFRICA (TFA) PROJECT - DESIGNED PARTLY TO REMOVE BARRIERS TO SEED TRADE IN EAST AFRICA – THE OPPORTUNITY WILL BE LOST<br />
  7. 7. MINITUBERS FROM AEROPONICS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT -2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT - 2010<br />
  8. 8. AEROPONICS FOR POTATO MINITUBERS - SOURCE – USAID “3G” PROJECT – 2ND YEAR ANNUAL REPORT -2010 <br />
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