CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD SECURITY  Endah Murniningtyas Jakarta, April 21 2011
THE IMPACT: a.  Food price is getting higher than prices decade ago.  b. Price fluctuation is more frequent,  c. Increased...
Causes:  <ul><li>Structural factor in food and agriculture in every country </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction global food stock ...
FEAR: increasing food price (2007-2008) had impact on nutritions.
PADDY PRODUCTION  ASEM: temporary data.  ARAM I: estimate I Source: BPS, March 2011 <ul><li>INDONESIA: </li></ul><ul><li>R...
What to do? <ul><li>I. Supply side: </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Making food production stronger:  </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the pro...
CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION PLAN BAPPENAS FORESTRY AND PEATLAND AGRICULTURE ENERGY: POWER AND TRANSPORTATION ...
CHALLENGE: implementation <ul><li>Data, measurement and valuation  </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and verification  </li></u...
IFPRI contributions <ul><li>Revitalized research: production    need another big bang since green revolution </li></ul><u...
Thank you Terima kasih
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Climate Change and Food Security

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Endah Murniningtyas
Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Tingkat harga pangan tahun 2011 secara umum memang lebih tinggi dibanding tahun-tahun sebelumnya, sebagaimana ditunjukkan oleh tingginya index harga pangan FAO. Lonjakan harga tahun 2011 bahkan lebih tinggi dari tahun 2007/8 lalu
  • Untuk mewujudkan komitmen di atas, maka disusun RAN-GRK yang prinsipnya adalah NAMAs oleh Indonesia. RAN-GRK ini yang selanjutnya akan dievaluasi dan dikajiulang sesuai kebutuhan nasional dan perkembangan global terkini, sehingga memenuhi persyaratan dan pengakuan internasional (UNFCCC).
  • Climate Change and Food Security

    1. 1. CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD SECURITY Endah Murniningtyas Jakarta, April 21 2011
    2. 2. THE IMPACT: a. Food price is getting higher than prices decade ago. b. Price fluctuation is more frequent, c. Increased interaction among food commodities
    3. 3. Causes: <ul><li>Structural factor in food and agriculture in every country </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction global food stock </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Economic growth  higher income </li></ul><ul><li>Food-feed-fuel factor </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion of agriculture land for other use </li></ul><ul><li>Input prices stadily increase – oil and gas prices </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change  change crop pattern and increased natural calamities  less production  hold production for domestic food stock </li></ul><ul><li>Sources: ADB </li></ul>
    4. 4. FEAR: increasing food price (2007-2008) had impact on nutritions.
    5. 5. PADDY PRODUCTION ASEM: temporary data. ARAM I: estimate I Source: BPS, March 2011 <ul><li>INDONESIA: </li></ul><ul><li>Rice production is limitedly increase: 2010 production  3,13% higher than 2009. Bigger challenge for 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic procurmenet is lower than plan and lower than last year. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP in agriculture in 2010: 2,9%, was estimated 3,5%. Target for 2011: 3,7% and 2012 will be 3,2%. </li></ul>2009 2010 (ASEM) 2011 (ARAM I) Harvested area (mill ha) 12.88 13.24 13.26 Productivity (ku/ha) 49.99 50.14 50.76 Production (million ton) 64.39 66.41 67.30
    6. 6. What to do? <ul><li>I. Supply side: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Making food production stronger: </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the production level up to the demand growth  productivity (seed, extention), other input availability, strhengthen pest management </li></ul><ul><li>Land use management </li></ul><ul><li>Make food production is still comparatively profitable  externality is valued, safety net for food producers (Pres. Decree No. 5/2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Make food production adapt with climate change  CC adaptation: Sustainable food production </li></ul><ul><li>II. Demand side: </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the food stock – price volatility and less access from world market </li></ul><ul><li>Lessen burden on food productions  Food diversification – reduce dependency from one food sources </li></ul><ul><li>Increased of food access  logistic, efficient food distributions – safe food security at the HH level </li></ul>
    7. 7. CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION PLAN BAPPENAS FORESTRY AND PEATLAND AGRICULTURE ENERGY: POWER AND TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY WASTE PRESIDENT COMMITMENT: G-20 Pittsburgh dan COP15 Reducing GGH emission by the year 2020 26% 26+15=41% Own efforts With international supports NAP on GHG
    8. 8. CHALLENGE: implementation <ul><li>Data, measurement and valuation </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and verification </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanism of transactions </li></ul><ul><li>Local implementation  LAP GGH </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Increased development on gas  more fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Waste treatment  organic fertilizer – opportunity also for livestock  farm diversification, income and growth </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable agriculture practices  organic products. </li></ul>Opportunity for Agriculture
    9. 9. IFPRI contributions <ul><li>Revitalized research: production  need another big bang since green revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Global market understanding and country response  capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Global food reserve  emergency support </li></ul><ul><li>Country support  strengthen capacity to maintain food security and farmers welafre  S-S, triangular cooperations. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Thank you Terima kasih
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