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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" 7 April 2011
 

IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" 7 April 2011

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Speakers:

Speakers:
Nienke Beintema
Eugene Terry
Greg Traxler

Held at IFPRI, Washington, DC on Thursday, 7 April 2011

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    IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" 7 April 2011 IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" 7 April 2011 Presentation Transcript

    • African Agricultural R&D Investments and Capacities: Trends and Challenges
      Nienke Beintema
      Head, Agricultural S&T Indicators (ASTI) initiative,IFPRI-Rome office
      Presentation at the IFPRI Policy Seminar “African Agricultural Research and Development: Progress, Challenges, Opportunities”Washington, DC – April 7, 2011
    • Outline
      Trends since 2001
      Key investment challenges
      Key human resource capacity challenges
      Recommended action points
    • Importance of Agricultural R&D
      R&D is a major contributor to economic growth and poverty reduction
      Greater investments in R&D are crucial for productivity growth in SSA
      Monitoring and benchmarking inputs, outputs, and performance of agricultural R&D is essential
      NEPAD target: Allocation of at least 1 percent of GDP to R&D
    • Investment and Capacity Trends in Africa
      • Overall, agricultural R&D investments and capacity increased by 20 percent during 2001-08
      • .
    • Main Drivers of Spending Growth, 2001-08
      • Growth occurred in a few countries and focused on boosting low salaries and rehabilitating infrastructure/equipment.
    • Who is Lagging Behind?
      • 2001-08 marked by decline in 13 countries (including many in francophone West Africa). Decline started in 1990s for some.
    • Investment Challenge: Underinvestment
      • In 2008, only 8 countries invested more than 1% of their AgGDP in agricultural R&D.
    • Investment Challenge: High Donor-Dependency
      • Many countries are extremely dependent on donor funding and development bank loans.
    • Investment Challenge: Volatility
      • Donor and government funding has been highly volatile, making viable research programs difficult.
      ZARI, Zambia
      INRAN, Niger
    • Capacity Challenge: Decreasing Qualifications
      • Shares of BSc-qualified staff have increased in some countries since 2000.
    • Capacity Challenge: Influx of Young Researchers
      • Large influx of young scientists with BSc degrees, who need adequate training opportunities and mentoring.
    • Capacity Challenge: High Staff Turnover
      • Many researchers left agencies due to low salaries/conditions of service. Many retired – more will retire in coming years.
    • Key Areas that Governments, Donors, and Other Stakeholders Must Address
      Providing higher and more stable funding levels
      Addressing existing and imminent challenges in human resource capacity
      Maximizing regional and subregional cooperation in agricultural R&D
    • Please visit www.asti.cgiar.org
      Thank you