African Agricultural R&D Investments and Capacities: Trends and Challenges Nienke Beintema Head, Agricultural S&T Indicators (ASTI) initiative,IFPRI-Rome office Presentation at the IFPRI Policy Seminar “African Agricultural Research and Development: Progress, Challenges, Opportunities”Washington, DC – April 7, 2011
Outline Trends since 2001 Key investment challenges Key human resource capacity challenges Recommended action points
Importance of Agricultural R&D R&D is a major contributor to economic growth and poverty reduction Greater investments in R&D are crucial for productivity growth in SSA Monitoring and benchmarking inputs, outputs, and performance of agricultural R&D is essential NEPAD target: Allocation of at least 1 percent of GDP to R&D
Shares of BSc-qualified staff have increased in some countries since 2000.
Capacity Challenge: Influx of Young Researchers
Large influx of young scientists with BSc degrees, who need adequate training opportunities and mentoring.
Capacity Challenge: High Staff Turnover
Many researchers left agencies due to low salaries/conditions of service. Many retired – more will retire in coming years.
Key Areas that Governments, Donors, and Other Stakeholders Must Address Providing higher and more stable funding levels Addressing existing and imminent challenges in human resource capacity Maximizing regional and subregional cooperation in agricultural R&D