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Global Hunger Index 2010 Launch Des Moines
 

Global Hunger Index 2010 Launch Des Moines

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Global Hunger Index 2010 Launch

Global Hunger Index 2010 Launch
Des Moines, Iowa
by Marie Ruel
The Challenge of Hunger: Focus on the Crisis of Child Undernutrition

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  • Undernourished: 5.4; mortality 2.2

Global Hunger Index 2010 Launch Des Moines Global Hunger Index 2010 Launch Des Moines Presentation Transcript

  • African Proverb
    The hunger of one …
    … is the shame of all!
  • Marie Ruel
    IFPRI
    October 14, 2010
    Des Moines, Iowa
  • Why a Global Hunger Index?
    • Raise awareness of regional and country differences in hunger
    • Help learnfrom successes and failures in hunger reduction
    • Provide incentives to act and improve international ranking
    • Focus on one special hunger-related topic every year
    Targeted to policymakers, donors, media, public
  • GHI measures three dimensions of hunger
    • Undernourishment:(% population with insufficient food/calories)
    • Child malnutrition (% < 5 underweight)
    • Child mortality (<5 years)
  • Looking at trends between 1990-2010
  • Countries ranked on a 100-point scale
    Min and max values not observed in practice
  • There has been progress since 1990
    24%
    14%
    25%
    40%
    33%
    44%
  • Country performance: by severity
    29 countries: “alarming" or “extremely alarming” levels of hunger
  • Country progress
  • Winners and losers from 1990 GHI to 2010 GHI
    Countries with both GHI 1990 and GHI 2010 less than five are excluded
  • Fighting the Crisis of Early Childhood Undernutrition
    • Child underweight contributes 7.4 of 15.1 points to GHI score (nearly half):
    South Asia: underweight accounts for > half of score
    SSAfrica: underweight has improved very slightly from 1990-2010 (from 27% to 24%)
    • Countries need to accelerate progress in improving child nutrition in order to improve their GHI scores
  • The perilous 1,000 days
    -9 to 24 mo
    Weight-for-height
    Weight-for-age
    Height-for-age
  • Height for age by region
    Europe & Central Asia
    Latin America & the Caribbean
    North Africa & the Near East
    Sub-Saharan Africa
    South Asia
  • How to improve child nutrition?
  • Policy recommendations
    Target nutrition interventions to the window of opportunity
    Tackle the underlying conditions that cause undernutrition
    Fostergender equity
    Prioritize nutrition in political and policy processes
    Engage, empower, and ensure sustained support for local actors in the area of nutrition
    • Available in English, German, Spanish, French, Italian
    • Download fromwww.ifpri.org
    • EmbedinteractiveWorldhungerMap
    • Wikipediaand Google Books
    • Availableas an interactivebook, as e-book, foryourKindle, iPad, or mobile phone