Why a Global Hunger Index?
• To raise awareness of regional and country differences
• To help learn from successes and failures in hunger
• To provide incentives to act and improve international
• To focus on one major hunger-related topic every year
Targeted to policymakers, donors, media, public
• Ranking is a powerful
• Other sectors use it
• It gets public and
• A special subject can be
GHI measures three dimensions of hunger
• Child underweight
• Child mortality
Countries ranked on a 100 point scale
Minimum and maximum values not observed in practice
Winners and losers from 1990 GHI to 2010 GHI
Countries with both GHI 1990 and GHI 2010 less than five are excluded
Gross national income and the Global Hunger
Index in countries of South and Southeast Asia
Fighting the crisis of early childhood
• Child underweight contributes nearly half of the points (7.4
of 15.1) to the world GHI score.
• South Asia: Child underweight accounts for > half the score.
• Sub-Saharan Africa: Child underweight has improved very
slightly from 1990 to 2010 (from 27 to 24 percent).
• Countries need to accelerate progress in improving child
nutrition in order to improve their GHI scores.
The perilous 1,000 days
-9 to 24 mo Weight-for-height
Height-for-age by region
Europe & Central Asia
Latin America & the
North Africa & the
Determinants of child undernutrition and
interventions to address them
• Target nutrition interventions to the window of
• Tackle the underlying conditions that cause undernutrition.
• Foster gender equity.
• Prioritize nutrition in political and policy processes.
• Engage, empower, and ensure sustained support for local
actors in the area of nutrition.
• Available from
• In English, German,
Spanish, French, and Italian
• Embed interactive world
• Wikipedia and Google
• Available as interactive e-
book for Kindle, iPad, and