From Roller Coasters to Rocket Ships: Lessons from Past Successes in African Agriculture

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IFPRI Policy Seminar "Successes in African Agriculture" by Peter Hazell, Steve Haggblade and Simeon Ehui on 24th June, 2010.

IFPRI Policy Seminar "Successes in African Agriculture" by Peter Hazell, Steve Haggblade and Simeon Ehui on 24th June, 2010.

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  • 1. From Roller Coasters to Rocket Ships: Lessons from Past Successes in African Agriculture Steven Haggblade, Michigan State University IFPRI Policy Seminar June 24, 2010
  • 2. Roller Coasters or Rocket Ships?
  • 3. IFPRI Review of Successes in African Agriculture
    • 1. Methods
    • 2. Lessons: What has to happen?
    • 3. How?
  • 4. 1. Methods
    • Inventory “successes”: expert survey
    • Select informative cases: advisory panel
    • Comparative case studies: case study teams
    • Generalize: analytical teams plus stakeholder workshops
  • 5. Case Studies Reviewed
    • Maize: Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • Cotton: Mali
    • Cassava: Nigeria, Ghana, Malawi, Zambia
    • Horticultural exports: Kenya, Ivory Coast
    • Dairy: Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda
    • Conservation farming: Burkina, Zambia
    • Improved fallows: Kenya, Zambia
  • 6. Categorizing the Case Studies Motors of change Case studies Comprehensive public research, input and marketing package Maize Cotton Dairy Public R&D Cassava Private-led marketing Export horticulture Research and extension: private and public Conservation farming Improved fallows
  • 7. Plan of Attack
    • 1. Methods
    • 2. What has to happen?
    • 3. How?
  • 8. 2. What has to happen?
    • Improved productivity
    • Adequate incentives
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. Improved productivity: technology
  • 12. Improved productivity: management
  • 13. Improved productivity: marketing
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. Adequate incentives: Cassava Nigeria
  • 17. Adequate incentives: growing markets
  • 18.  
  • 19. Plan of Attack
    • 1. Methods
    • 2. What has to happen?
    • 3. How?
  • 20. 3. How?
    • Public goods plus private incentives
    • Patience and perseverance
    • Think regionally
  • 21. Public vs private: many options are possible Public Private Public and private Public  private Technology • Cassava • Maize • Cotton • Conserv. farming • Improved fallows • Dairy Marketing • Horticulture • Cassava • Dairy • Maize • Cotton
  • 22. Key public goods
    • Research
      • Open pollinating varieties
      • Vegetatively propagated crops
      • Orphan crops
    • Disease control
    • Infrastructure
    • Policies
  • 23. Key public goods
    • Research
      • Open pollinating varieties
      • Vegetatively propagated crops
      • Orphan crops
    • Disease control
    • Infrastructure
    • Policies
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26. This disease killed 90% of Africa’s cattle.
  • 27. Within a decade, this pest devastated food production across 20 countries in Africa.
  • 28. 3. How?
    • Public goods plus private incentives
    • Patience and perseverance
    • Think regionally
  • 29. Patience and perseverance
    • Dairy: 80 years
    • SR52: 28 years
    • TMS cassava: 18 years + 7 years
  • 30. Patience and perseverance
    • Dairy: 80 years
    • SR52: 28 years
    • TMS cassava: 18 years + 7 years
    •  SLOW MAGIC
  • 31. Pests and diseases constantly mutate
  • 32. Mutating pests and disease require sustained research
  • 33. 3. How?
    • Public goods plus private incentives
    • Patience and perseverance
    • Think regionally
  • 34. Think regionally: technology
    • Cotton
    • Maize
    • Cassava
    • Dairy
    • Improved fallows
    • Conservation farming
  • 35. Think regionally: trade
  • 36. Think regionally: trade
  • 37. Conclusions
    • Success is possible
    • What has to happen?
      • Improved productivity
      • Adequate incentives
    • How
      • Public goods plus private incentives
      • Patience and perseverance
      • Think regionally
  • 38. Pop Quiz bonus points