From Roller Coasters to Rocket Ships: Lessons from Past Successes in African Agriculture Steven Haggblade, Michigan State ...
Roller Coasters or Rocket Ships?
IFPRI Review of  Successes in African Agriculture   <ul><li>1. Methods </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lessons: What has to happen? <...
1. Methods <ul><li>Inventory “successes”:  expert survey </li></ul><ul><li>Select informative cases:  advisory panel </li>...
Case Studies Reviewed <ul><li>Maize:  Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton:  Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Ca...
Categorizing the Case Studies Motors of change Case studies Comprehensive public research, input and marketing package Mai...
Plan of Attack  <ul><li>1. Methods </li></ul><ul><li>2.  What has to happen? </li></ul><ul><li>3.   How?  </li></ul>
2. What has to happen? <ul><li>Improved productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate incentives </li></ul>
 
 
Improved productivity:  technology
Improved productivity:  management
Improved productivity: marketing
 
 
Adequate incentives:  Cassava Nigeria
Adequate incentives:  growing markets
 
Plan of Attack  <ul><li>1. Methods </li></ul><ul><li>2. What has to happen? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How?  </li></ul>
3. How? <ul><li>Public goods plus private incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Patience and perseverance </li></ul><ul><li>Think r...
Public vs private: many options are possible Public Private Public and private  Public    private Technology •  Cassava •...
Key public goods <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open pollinating varieties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetatively...
Key public goods <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open pollinating varieties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetatively...
 
 
This disease killed 90% of Africa’s cattle.
Within a decade, this pest devastated food production across 20 countries in Africa.
3. How? <ul><li>Public goods plus private incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Patience and perseverance </li></ul><ul><li>Think r...
Patience and perseverance  <ul><li>Dairy: 80 years </li></ul><ul><li>SR52: 28 years </li></ul><ul><li>TMS cassava: 18 year...
Patience and perseverance  <ul><li>Dairy: 80 years </li></ul><ul><li>SR52: 28 years </li></ul><ul><li>TMS cassava: 18 year...
Pests and diseases constantly mutate
Mutating pests and disease require sustained research
3. How? <ul><li>Public goods plus private incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Patience and perseverance </li></ul><ul><li>Think r...
Think regionally: technology <ul><li>Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Maize </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy </li...
Think regionally: trade
Think regionally: trade
Conclusions <ul><li>Success is possible </li></ul><ul><li>What has to happen? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved productivity ...
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From Roller Coasters to Rocket Ships: Lessons from Past Successes in African Agriculture

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IFPRI Policy Seminar "Successes in African Agriculture" by Peter Hazell, Steve Haggblade and Simeon Ehui on 24th June, 2010.

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From Roller Coasters to Rocket Ships: Lessons from Past Successes in African Agriculture

  1. 1. From Roller Coasters to Rocket Ships: Lessons from Past Successes in African Agriculture Steven Haggblade, Michigan State University IFPRI Policy Seminar June 24, 2010
  2. 2. Roller Coasters or Rocket Ships?
  3. 3. IFPRI Review of Successes in African Agriculture <ul><li>1. Methods </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lessons: What has to happen? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How? </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Methods <ul><li>Inventory “successes”: expert survey </li></ul><ul><li>Select informative cases: advisory panel </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative case studies: case study teams </li></ul><ul><li>Generalize: analytical teams plus stakeholder workshops </li></ul>
  5. 5. Case Studies Reviewed <ul><li>Maize: Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton: Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava: Nigeria, Ghana, Malawi, Zambia </li></ul><ul><li>Horticultural exports: Kenya, Ivory Coast </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy: Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation farming: Burkina, Zambia </li></ul><ul><li>Improved fallows: Kenya, Zambia </li></ul>
  6. 6. Categorizing the Case Studies Motors of change Case studies Comprehensive public research, input and marketing package Maize Cotton Dairy Public R&D Cassava Private-led marketing Export horticulture Research and extension: private and public Conservation farming Improved fallows
  7. 7. Plan of Attack <ul><li>1. Methods </li></ul><ul><li>2. What has to happen? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How? </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2. What has to happen? <ul><li>Improved productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate incentives </li></ul>
  9. 11. Improved productivity: technology
  10. 12. Improved productivity: management
  11. 13. Improved productivity: marketing
  12. 16. Adequate incentives: Cassava Nigeria
  13. 17. Adequate incentives: growing markets
  14. 19. Plan of Attack <ul><li>1. Methods </li></ul><ul><li>2. What has to happen? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How? </li></ul>
  15. 20. 3. How? <ul><li>Public goods plus private incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Patience and perseverance </li></ul><ul><li>Think regionally </li></ul>
  16. 21. Public vs private: many options are possible Public Private Public and private Public  private Technology • Cassava • Maize • Cotton • Conserv. farming • Improved fallows • Dairy Marketing • Horticulture • Cassava • Dairy • Maize • Cotton
  17. 22. Key public goods <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open pollinating varieties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetatively propagated crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orphan crops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disease control </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul>
  18. 23. Key public goods <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open pollinating varieties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetatively propagated crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orphan crops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disease control </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul>
  19. 26. This disease killed 90% of Africa’s cattle.
  20. 27. Within a decade, this pest devastated food production across 20 countries in Africa.
  21. 28. 3. How? <ul><li>Public goods plus private incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Patience and perseverance </li></ul><ul><li>Think regionally </li></ul>
  22. 29. Patience and perseverance <ul><li>Dairy: 80 years </li></ul><ul><li>SR52: 28 years </li></ul><ul><li>TMS cassava: 18 years + 7 years </li></ul>
  23. 30. Patience and perseverance <ul><li>Dairy: 80 years </li></ul><ul><li>SR52: 28 years </li></ul><ul><li>TMS cassava: 18 years + 7 years </li></ul><ul><li> SLOW MAGIC </li></ul>
  24. 31. Pests and diseases constantly mutate
  25. 32. Mutating pests and disease require sustained research
  26. 33. 3. How? <ul><li>Public goods plus private incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Patience and perseverance </li></ul><ul><li>Think regionally </li></ul>
  27. 34. Think regionally: technology <ul><li>Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Maize </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy </li></ul><ul><li>Improved fallows </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation farming </li></ul>
  28. 35. Think regionally: trade
  29. 36. Think regionally: trade
  30. 37. Conclusions <ul><li>Success is possible </li></ul><ul><li>What has to happen? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public goods plus private incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patience and perseverance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think regionally </li></ul></ul>
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