Land TenureIn Iringa District,TanzaniaA Rights-BasedApproach
Tanzania Food Security Context GHI 2012: 54/79 Score 19.3 ‘Serious’… close to ‘alarming’ One million people food insecure 42% of households have inadequate food c.80% of pop. relies on farming for income and food 95% of land cultivated by farmers with <3ha 83% of the land cultivated using a simple hand hoe Farmers lack skills, inputs & capital to invest in their farms.
Text TextSouth Sudan and Tanzania - land available but basic implements/hoes
Land Rights Land Act No.4 & Village Land Act No. 5 (1999) To formalise tenure/occupancy and resolve customary rights issues Certificate of Customary Right of Occupancy (CCRO) Intent: – investment in land; – gender equality Little implementation! Not recognised as ‘instruments of mortgage’ Concern using a Rights Based Approach – duty-bearers & rights holders (supply and demand?) 10,000 CCROs issued in Iringa (180,000 in country)
Mustafa Kibibi BalizilaMwajuma Ramadhani Kachira 70 years old Bee keepers and farmers with new land certificates
SAGCOT, Land Investments and Compensation New Land Authority (2012) Land Compensation Fund – 25% of land value. ‘Land for Equity’ – – 15% to central gov. – 5% to local gov. – 5% to farmer ‘Not as much spare land as thought’ Southern Agricultural Land value linked to water Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT)
Conclusion High food insecurity (& high stunting) Smallholders have no land tenure (esp. women farmers) No incentive or ability to invest in inputs & irrigation Lack of policy coherence and policy implementation. District Land Office & Village Councils little resources – lack of political will. (High level research planned to test assumptions about impact of gaining title/CCROs)