Agricultural Support in Doha and Beyond Policy Seminar 7 june 2011
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Agricultural Support in Doha and Beyond Policy Seminar 7 june 2011

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Policy Seminar "Agricultural Support in Doha and Beyond: Experience to Date and Assessment" on 7 June 2011; presentation by Professor David Orden.

Policy Seminar "Agricultural Support in Doha and Beyond: Experience to Date and Assessment" on 7 June 2011; presentation by Professor David Orden.

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Agricultural Support in Doha and Beyond Policy Seminar 7 june 2011 Agricultural Support in Doha and Beyond Policy Seminar 7 june 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • Agricultural Support in Doha and BeyondExperience to Date and Assessment
    Chair: Jerry Hagstrom
    Speakers:
    David Orden
    Ambassador Clayton Yeutter
    David Blandford
    Tim Josling
  • The WTO Agreement on Agriculture
    The Long-term Objective:
    “substantial progressive reductions in agricultural support and protection”
    The Legal Disciplines:
    • Rules for categorizing policy measures
    • “specific binding commitments on … market access, domestic support, and export competition”
    We focus on assessing the utility of the domestic support rules and commitments in contributing to the Agreement’s long-term objective
  • What We Find “in Brief”
    The domestic support disciplines provide an imperfect (porous) architecture for monitoring support and achieving the objectives of the Agreement
    Despite drawbacks, the notifications reflect key policy changes and the WTO provides a structured forum for discussion of support levels
    Doha would tighten commitments and extend the rules, but make them more complex and heterogeneous among countries
    Additional clarification and disciplines are needed beyond Doha
  • The Domestic Support Disciplines
    Ceiling on the level of support provided by various trade-distorting policy measures to basic agricultural products and through a non-product-specific category
    The single nominal commitment for a country applies to the sum of such support and is based on 1986-88 levels
    Exempt from the ceiling are:
    Green box measures
    Blue box measures
    Development programs in developing countries
    De minimis levels of support
  • Components of the Total(“Current Total Aggregate Measurement of Support”)
    Non-exempt Direct Payments and Other Subsidies
    Market Price Support (MPS) measured a particular way
    WTO MPS =
    [Administered Price – 1986-88 External Reference Price] x [Eligible Quantity]
    Economic MPS =
    [Domestic Price – Current External Reference Price] x [Domestic Production]
  • Agreement and Proposed Doha Commitments
  • Trade-distorting Support among Developed Countries
  • Support among Developing Countries
  • Agricultural Support in Doha and BeyondExperience to Date and Assessment
    Chair: Jerry Hagstrom
    Speakers:
    David Orden
    Ambassador Clayton Yeutter
    David Blandford
    Tim Josling