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2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin
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2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably" by Ismail Serageldin

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2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably: Reflections, Issues, and Suggestions" given by Dr. Ismail Serageldin at IFPRI on 14 July 2011. Co-hosted by IFPRI and PRB (Population …

2nd Annual Malthus Lecture "Feeding the World Sustainably: Reflections, Issues, and Suggestions" given by Dr. Ismail Serageldin at IFPRI on 14 July 2011. Co-hosted by IFPRI and PRB (Population Reference Bureau). Sponsored by Montague Yudelman.

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  • 1. Feeding the World Sustainably: Reflections, Issues, and Suggestions<br />Ismail Serageldin<br />2nd Malthus Lecture<br />IFPRI – Washington, DC<br />14 July 2011<br />
  • 2. Outline<br />Challenging Malthus<br />On Hunger <br />On Hunger And Poverty<br />Food Security<br />The Gender Dimension<br />The Environmental Dimension<br />The Role Of science<br />The Power Of Policy<br />Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Envoi<br />
  • 3. Challenging Malthus<br />
  • 4. Challenging Malthus<br />Malthus was wrong<br />He could never have imagined a world with 6.7 billion people<br />Human ingenuity was able to provide more food out of the same resources<br />Hunger and famine persist for other reasons<br />
  • 5.
  • 6. In USA Today: 20 % Of Children and 65% Of Adults Are Obese<br />
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9. The Abolitionists<br />William Wilberforce<br />d. 1833<br />
  • 10. Abolishing Slavery<br />Abraham Lincoln Frederick Douglas<br />
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. We Must Abolish Hunger!<br />
  • 15. We must becomeThe New Abolitionists!<br />
  • 16. So far, we could abolish hunger…But… Things can change…<br />
  • 17. World Population, in Billions 1950-2050<br />Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision.<br />
  • 18. Malthus Strikes Back!<br />Malthus was wrong up to now<br />What about a world of 10 Billion, with richer diets and increasing animal proteins?<br />What about our energy policies and climate change?<br />
  • 19. On Hunger<br />
  • 20. We take abundant food for granted<br />
  • 21. BUTAbout One Billion persons are chronically malnourished!<br />
  • 22. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/es/Hunger_Portal/Hunger_Map_2010b.pdf<br />
  • 23. Sub-Saharan Africa Remains most vulnerable region<br />
  • 24. After prolonged drought, Again, Today, Famine Stalks Millions in East Africa(Source: The Economist July 9, 2011, p.35<br />
  • 25. Humanitarian Food Aid will continue to be needed in hotspots and must be provided for<br />
  • 26. Trends in world hunger, 2010<br />
  • 27. Global Hunger Index, 2010<br />Three equally weighted indicators constitute the GHI:<br />Undernourishedas % of the population (reflecting the share of the population with insufficient dietary energy intake)<br />Underweight as % of Children < 5 years old (indicating the proportion of children suffering from low weight for their age)<br />Mortality rate of Children < 5 years old(partially reflecting the fatal synergy between inadequate dietary intake and unhealthy environments)<br />
  • 28. Global Hunger Index, 2010<br />> 5.0 Low hunger<br />5.0 - 9.9 Moderate hunger<br />10.0 - 19.9 Serious<br />20.0 - 29.9 Alarming<br />≥ 30.0 Extremely alarming<br />The index ranks countries on a 100-point scale, with 0 being the best score (no hunger) and 100 being the worst, although neither of these extremes is reached in practice.<br />
  • 29. GNP per Capita and Global Hunger Index, 2010<br />SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA<br />45<br /><br />Comoros<br /><br /><br />Madagascar<br />Central African Rep.<br />Congo, Dem. Rep.<br />40<br /><br /><br />Niger<br /><br />Burundi<br /><br />Zambia<br />Eritrea<br />35<br />Eritrea<br /><br /><br /><br />Mozambique<br />Ethiopia<br /><br />Rwanda<br />Guinea-Bissau<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Chad<br />30<br /><br />Togo<br /><br />Sierra Leone<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Burkina Faso<br /><br />Angola<br /><br />Tanzania<br />25<br /><br /><br /><br />2010 GHI<br />Kenya<br /><br /><br />Djibouti<br /><br /><br />Mali<br /><br /><br /><br />20<br /><br />Malawi<br /><br /><br />Gambia<br /><br />Nigeria<br /><br /><br />Cameroon<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Guinea<br /><br /><br />Congo, Rep.<br />Benin<br /><br />15<br /><br />Senegal<br /><br /><br />Namibia<br /><br /><br />Botswana<br /><br /><br />Mauritania<br />Lesotho<br />Uganda<br /><br />South Africa<br />Swaziland<br /><br />10<br /><br />Cote d’Ivoire<br />Ghana<br />Mauritius<br /><br /><br /><br />Gabon<br />5<br />2,000<br />4,000<br />6,000<br />8,000<br />10,000<br />12,000<br />14,000<br />16,000<br />18,000<br />20,000<br />GNP per Capita, 2005-07<br />
  • 30. GNP per Capita and Global Hunger Index, 2010<br />MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA<br />45<br />40<br />35<br />30<br /><br />Yemen<br />25<br />2010 GHI<br />20<br />15<br />10<br />Morocco<br />Iran, Islamic Republic<br /><br />5<br /><br />Egypt<br />Syrian Arab. Rep.<br /><br /><br />Libya<br /><br />Algeria<br /><br /><br />Saudi Arabia<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Jordan<br />Tunisia<br />Lebanon<br />Turkey<br />2,000<br />4,000<br />6,000<br />8,000<br />10,000<br />12,000<br />14,000<br />16,000<br />18,000<br />20,000<br />GNP per Capita, 2005-07<br />
  • 31. Global Hunger Index, 2010<br />
  • 32.
  • 33. 33<br />
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36.
  • 37. Kevin Carter’s Pulitzer Prize winning photo 1994<br />
  • 38. Kevin Carter(1960 - 1994)<br />
  • 39. On Hunger And Poverty<br />
  • 40. The Primary Cause Of Hunger Is Extreme Poverty<br />
  • 41. AmartyaSenon Famines<br />
  • 42. Norman Borlaug<br />(1914 – 2009)<br />
  • 43. Food whether you buy it or grow it yourself<br />
  • 44. Observation: Many rural poor continue to pay for their food needs<br />Sellers<br />Self-Sufficient<br />Buyers<br />Source: cited in http://www.ifad.org/rural/rpr2010/background/9.pdf<br />
  • 45. So we have to reduce the price f food, by increasing production sustainably, reducing waste, and ensuring access<br />
  • 46. What about the poor small-holder farmers who are major producers of food? They will become even poorer…<br />
  • 47. Raise productivity for small-holder farmers faster than the prices drop<br />Rice<br /> production<br />Rice<br />price<br />Source: Production: FAOSTAT Electronic Database, FAO.10June2003<br />Rice Price: Relate to Thai rice 5%-broken deflated by G-5 MUV Index deflator (adjusted based on 2002 data update)<br />Source: World Bank Quarterly Review of Commodity Markets<br />Trends in world rice production and price adjusted for inflation, 1961-2002<br />
  • 48. Raiseproductivity of small-holderfarmersfasterthan the price of food drops<br />Rice<br /> production<br />Rice<br />price<br />Source: Production: FAOSTAT Electronic Database, FAO.10June2003<br />Rice Price: Relate to Thai rice 5%-broken deflated by G-5 MUV Index deflator (adjusted based on 2002 data update)<br />Source: World Bank Quarterly Review of Commodity Markets<br />World rice production and pricesadjusted for inflation, 1961-2002<br />
  • 49. Food security is to ensure for each individual, at all times, access to the food they need in enough quantity and quality, produced in a sustainable manner.<br />
  • 50. An Enormous Gap Exists Between the Rich and the Poor…<br />
  • 51. 51<br />
  • 52.
  • 53. Rich and Poor in Sao Paulosource: http://mindblog.dericbownds.net/2007/10/rich-and-poor.html<br />
  • 54. It is not just the absence of income that defines poverty<br />
  • 55. It is marginalization, deprivation and social exclusion<br />
  • 56. Loss of dignity<br />
  • 57. Social Exclusion<br />
  • 58. Rural and Urban Poverty in Developing <br />Countries<br />Rural poor<br />70.0%<br />Urban poor<br />30.0%<br />Source: IFPRI estimate from World Bank data.<br />
  • 59. The Ultra Poor require special help<br />
  • 60.
  • 61.
  • 62. Much Economic Analysis Erases the Human Factor<br />
  • 63.
  • 64. Thoughtful use of multiple indicators for analysis will lead to richer and more nuanced policy and program design<br />
  • 65. MPAT:Multidimensional Poverty Assessment Tool (Developed by IFAD)<br />
  • 66. MPAT<br />1 Food & Nutrition 1.1Security Consumption<br /> 1.2 Access stability<br /> 1.3 Nutrition quality<br />10 Gender & Social Equality 10.1 Access to education<br /> 10.2 Access to healthcare<br /> 10.3 Social equality<br />2. Domestic Water Supply 2.1 Quality<br /> 2.2 Availability<br /> 2.3 Access<br />9 Exposure & Resilience to Shocks<br /> 9.1 Exposure<br /> 9.2 Coping ability<br /> 9.3 Recovery ability<br />3. Health & Healthcare<br /> 3.1 Health status<br /> 3.2 Access & affordability<br /> 3.3 Healthcare quality<br />MPAT<br />8 Non-Farm Assets<br /> 8.1 Employment & skills<br /> 8.2 Financial services<br /> 8.3 Fixed assets & remittances<br />4. Sanitation & Hygiene<br /> 4.1Toilet facility<br /> 4.2Waste management<br /> 4.3 Hygiene practices<br />7 Farm Assets<br /> 7.1 Land tenure<br /> 7.2 Land quality<br /> 7.3 Crop inputs<br /> 7.4 Livestock/aquaculture<br />5 Housing, Clothing & Energy<br /> 5.1 Housing structure quality<br /> 5.2 Clothing <br /> 5.3 Energy sources<br />6 Education<br /> 6.1 Quality<br /> 6.2 Availability<br /> 6.3 Access<br />Organizational diagram of MPAT's components and subcomponents <br />
  • 67. Urban poverty<br />
  • 68.
  • 69.
  • 70.
  • 71.
  • 72. Reaching the Poorest<br />Garbage pickers in the Philippines<br />
  • 73. Urban Poverty<br />
  • 74. Three Key strategies to cope with Urban Poverty and Hunger<br />Reduce the price of food<br />Increase the opportunities for employment of the poor<br />Increase the returns to the kind of skills and assets that the poor have<br />
  • 75. The Urban Poor mostly buy their food<br />
  • 76. And food is a major part of their budget – Hence their wellbeing is very sensitive to the price of food<br />
  • 77. Three Key strategies to cope with Urban Poverty and Hunger<br />Reduce the price of food<br />Increase the opportunities for employment of the poor<br />Increase the returns to the kind of skills and assets that the poor have<br />
  • 78. The poor lack the skills for the high Tech jobs the market offers, and are unlikely to get these skills quickly<br />
  • 79.
  • 80. Three Key strategies to cope with Urban Poverty and Hunger<br />Reduce the price of food<br />Increase the opportunities for employment of the poor<br />Increase the returns to the kind of skills and assets that the poor have<br />
  • 81.
  • 82. Three Key strategies to cope with Urban Poverty and Hunger<br />Reduce the price of food<br />Increase the opportunities for employment of the poor<br />Increase the returns to the kind of skills and assets that the poor have<br />
  • 83. Urban Agriculture on roofs and between buildings on vacant land<br />
  • 84. On Hunger And Rural Poverty<br />
  • 85.
  • 86.
  • 87. Reform Policies And Markets<br />Remove urban bias<br />Roads<br />Education<br />Health<br />Etc.<br />Improve access to markets<br />Reduce post harvest losses<br />
  • 88.
  • 89. Challenges Facing Small Farms<br />Globalization, including super-markets even in poor countries. <br />Low world market prices for agriculture. <br />Climate change. <br />HIV/AIDS <br />Continuing population growth that is making small farms smaller. <br />No political voice. <br />
  • 90. Challenges Facing Small Farms<br />Globalization, including super-markets even in poor countries. <br />Low world market prices for agriculture. <br />Climate change. <br />HIV/AIDS <br />Continuing population growth that is making small farms smaller. <br />No political voice. <br />
  • 91. Challenges Facing Small Farms<br />Globalization, including super-markets even in poor countries. <br />Low world market prices for agriculture. <br />Climate change. <br />HIV/AIDS <br />Continuing population growth that is making small farms smaller. <br />No political voice. <br />
  • 92. Challenges Facing Small Farms<br />Globalization, including super-markets even in poor countries. <br />Low world market prices for agriculture. <br />Climate change. <br />HIV/AIDS <br />Continuing population growth that is making small farms smaller. <br />No political voice. <br />
  • 93.
  • 94. Challenges Facing Small Farms<br />Globalization, including super-markets even in poor countries. <br />Low world market prices for agriculture. <br />Climate change. <br />HIV/AIDS <br />Continuing population growth that is making small farms smaller. <br />No political voice. <br />
  • 95. Challenges Facing Small Farms<br />Globalization, including super-markets even in poor countries. <br />Low world market prices for agriculture. <br />Climate change. <br />HIV/AIDS <br />Continuing population growth that is making small farms smaller. <br />No political voice. <br />
  • 96. Challenges Facing Small Farms<br />Globalization, including super-markets even in poor countries. <br />Low world market prices for agriculture. <br />Climate change. <br />HIV/AIDS <br />Continuing population growth that is making small farms smaller. <br />No political voice. <br />
  • 97. Food Security<br />
  • 98. Food security is to ensure for each individual, at all times, access to the food they need in enough quantity and quality, produced in a sustainable manner.<br />
  • 99. Food Security<br />Not Just production, also access<br />Not Just output, also process<br />Not Just technology, also policy<br />Not Just global, also national<br />Not Just national, also household<br />Not Just rural, also urban<br />Not Just amount, also content<br />
  • 100. Food Security<br />Not Just production, also access<br />Not Just output, also process<br />Not Just technology, also policy<br />Not Just global, also national<br />Not Just national, also household<br />Not Just rural, also urban<br />Not Just amount, also content<br />
  • 101. Food Security<br />Not Just production, also access<br />Not Just output, also process<br />Not Just technology, also policy<br />Not Just global, also national<br />Not Just national, also household<br />Not Just rural, also urban<br />Not Just amount, also content<br />
  • 102. Food Security<br />Not Just production, also access<br />Not Just output, also process<br />Not Just technology, also policy<br />Not Just global, also national<br />Not Just national, also household<br />Not Just rural, also urban<br />Not Just amount, also content<br />
  • 103. Food Security<br />Not Just production, also access<br />Not Just output, also process<br />Not Just technology, also policy<br />Not Just global, also national<br />Not Just national, also household<br />Not Just rural, also urban<br />Not Just amount, also content<br />
  • 104. Food Security<br />Not Just production, also access<br />Not Just output, also process<br />Not Just technology, also policy<br />Not Just global, also national<br />Not Just national, also household<br />Not Just rural, also urban<br />Not Just amount, also content<br />
  • 105. Food Security<br />Not Just production, also access<br />Not Just output, also process<br />Not Just technology, also policy<br />Not Just global, also national<br />Not Just national, also household<br />Not Just rural, also urban<br />Not Just amount, also content<br />
  • 106. Food Security<br />Not Just production, also access<br />Not Just output, also process<br />Not Just technology, also policy<br />Not Just global, also national<br />Not Just national, also household<br />Not Just rural, also urban<br />Not Just amount, also content<br />
  • 107. Understanding Food Security<br />
  • 108. Understanding Food Security<br />
  • 109. Global Food ProductionMust Grow by+40% by 2030&+70% by 2050<br />Opening statement by IFAD President at the Jeddah Economic Forum 2010: “The Global Economy in 2020” http://www.ifad.org/events/op/2010/jeddah.htm<br />
  • 110. Food Security and Production<br />Production is a necessary but not sufficient condition for food security <br />Focusing on the small-holder farmer in developing countries is key to environmental protection, poverty reduction and food security <br />
  • 111. “We are all on this earth as guests of the green plants and those who tend them.”-- M.S. Swaminathan<br />
  • 112.
  • 113.
  • 114.
  • 115. The response is to produce differently, not less<br />
  • 116.
  • 117.
  • 118. Seven Statements About Food Security<br />
  • 119. Food Security: Seven Statements<br />Increase production and productivity<br />Better management<br />Reduce losses, reduce waste<br />Manage vulnerability (CC)<br />BioFortification<br />BioFuels<br />International Trade<br />
  • 120. Food Security: Seven Statements<br />Increase production and productivity<br />Better management<br />Reduce losses, reduce waste<br />Manage vulnerability (CC)<br />BioFortification<br />BioFuels<br />International Trade<br />
  • 121. How to reduce prices without harming the poor farmers who produce food?<br />
  • 122. Raiseproductivity of small-holderfarmersfasterthan the price of food drops<br />Rice<br /> production<br />Rice<br />price<br />Source: Production: FAOSTAT Electronic Database, FAO.10June2003<br />Rice Price: Relate to Thai rice 5%-broken deflated by G-5 MUV Index deflator (adjusted based on 2002 data update)<br />Source: World Bank Quarterly Review of Commodity Markets<br />World rice production and pricesadjusted for inflation, 1961-2002<br />
  • 123. Food Security: Seven Statements<br />Increase production and productivity<br />Better management<br />Reduce losses, reduce waste<br />Manage vulnerability (CC)<br />BioFortification<br />BioFuels<br />International Trade<br />
  • 124. SRI has increased output dramatically, with the same inputs<br />
  • 125. Food Security: Seven Statements<br />Increase production and productivity<br />Better management<br />Reduce losses, reduce waste<br />Manage vulnerability (CC)<br />BioFortification<br />BioFuels<br />International Trade<br />
  • 126. In the poor countries, post-harvest losses reach up to 30% of the crops<br />
  • 127. Reduce <br />Post-Harvest Losses<br />
  • 128. Storage and post-harvest losses<br />
  • 129. In the rich countries: Up to 30% of cooked food is thrown out<br />
  • 130. Up to 20% of purchased food is thrown out unused, in its wrapper<br />
  • 131.
  • 132.
  • 133. X<br />
  • 134. Food Security: Seven Statements<br />Increase production and productivity<br />Better management<br />Reduce losses, reduce waste<br />Manage vulnerability (CC)<br />BioFortification<br />BioFuels<br />International Trade<br />
  • 135. Homeless, nameless…<br />
  • 136.
  • 137. Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Most farmers live precariously<br />Downside is devastating<br />Climate change is increasing vulnerability<br />
  • 138.
  • 139. Climate Variability (Change?)Index of Rainfall in Sahel 1941-1990<br />Source: Departure from standard deviation; Climate Prediction Center 1991, Prrsentation by South Africa at Camdessus Panel meetings<br />
  • 140. Climate Variability (Change?)Index of Rainfall in Sahel 1941-1990<br />Source: Departure from standard deviation; Climate Prediction Center 1991, Prrsentation by South Africa at Camdessus Panel meetings<br />
  • 141. Extension Must bring Research To These Farmers<br />
  • 142. Food Security: Seven Statements<br />Increase production and productivity<br />Better management<br />Reduce losses, reduce waste<br />Manage vulnerability (CC)<br />BioFortification<br />BioFuels<br />International Trade<br />
  • 143. Better Nutrition<br />
  • 144. White and Golden Rice<br />
  • 145. Food Security: Seven Statements<br />Increase production and productivity<br />Better management<br />Reduce losses, reduce waste<br />Manage vulnerability (CC)<br />BioFortification<br />BioFuels<br />International Trade<br />
  • 146. In addition to the first generation of biofuels (Ethanol from Corn)<br />
  • 147. Ethanol from Corn contributes to 2008 food price spike<br />
  • 148. It is wrong to burn the food of the poor to drive the cars of the rich!<br />
  • 149. We must move to second generation biofuels<br />
  • 150. Food Security: Seven Statements<br />Increase production and productivity<br />Better management<br />Reduce losses, reduce waste<br />Manage vulnerability (CC)<br />BioFortification<br />BioFuels<br />International Trade<br />
  • 151.
  • 152.
  • 153. US Ag Subsidies 1994-2005<br />
  • 154. Cows Vs. People<br />A typical cow in the European Union receives a government subsidy of $2.20 a day – <br />more than what 2.5 billion of the world's poorest people live on every day. <br />Twice what 1.2 billion of the world's poorest people live on every day. <br />
  • 155. $2.20 / day $0.90 / day<br />
  • 156.
  • 157. Food Security: Seven Statements<br />Increase production and productivity<br />Better management<br />Reduce losses, reduce waste<br />Manage vulnerability (CC)<br />BioFortification<br />BioFuels<br />International Trade<br />
  • 158. The Gender Dimension<br />
  • 159. And We Must Never Forget the Gender Dimension…<br />
  • 160. Women In Africa<br />Produce 80% of the food<br />Receive 10% of the wages<br />Own 1% of the land<br />
  • 161. Women Empowerment<br />Essential to recognize the gender dimension of agriculture<br />Empowering Women results in major improvements in infant mortality, school enrolments, child morbidity<br />
  • 162. Women Empowerment<br />Women have unequal opportunity in:<br />Education<br />Health care<br />Income<br />Credit<br />Employment<br />Assets<br />Decision-making<br />
  • 163.
  • 164. The key vector to fight infant mortality and child malnutrition is Maternal Health<br />
  • 165. From the sixth month of pregnancy… <br />
  • 166. …To the 18th month of life…<br />
  • 167. The period when children are most vulnerable to hunger<br />
  • 168. Malnurished mothers give birth to low birth weight babiesandMalnourished children often suffer from growth retardation and weight loss<br />
  • 169. Breast Milk has the Best Nutritional Value<br />
  • 170. A Healthy Mother…<br />Gives birth to a baby of normal weight.<br />Breast feed her baby well.<br />Will be able to find good food to wean her baby.<br />
  • 171. The Environmental Dimension<br />
  • 172. Climate Change<br />The Most serious Issue Facing Humanity<br />
  • 173.
  • 174. Hurricane Bonnie<br />
  • 175. Source: National Geographic, August, 2005 <br />
  • 176. Source: National Geographic, August, 2005 <br />
  • 177. Can this be just a “natural phenomenon”?<br />NO!<br />
  • 178. GHG emissions are a key contributor<br />
  • 179.
  • 180. Should we be concerned?<br />YES!<br />
  • 181.
  • 182. Source: The Economist – The World in 2007<br />
  • 183. How serious is the problem?<br />VERY!<br />
  • 184.
  • 185. The Nile:Reaches Cairo with 12 million Tons of saltsReaches the sea with 34 million tons of salts<br />
  • 186. Impact on Nile Delta<br />
  • 187.
  • 188. But Also increased Floods, Droughts, Forest Fires and Desertification<br />
  • 189. Climate Change and Food Security:Changes in Length of growing period 2000-2005<br /> Thronton, et.al., cited in Greg Mock and Paul Steele, “Power to the poor: tapping the wealth of ecosystems”, in Environment, vol 48: 1; Jan/Feb 2006, p. 15<br />
  • 190. We need urgent action on bothMitigation&Adaptation<br />
  • 191. Mitigation: Reducing Emissions<br />
  • 192. How will all that affect HUNGER?<br />
  • 193. We observe…<br />Floods in Pakistan<br />Droughts in Russia<br />Hurricanes hitting the Caribbean and the USA<br />
  • 194.
  • 195. We observe…<br />Floods in Pakistan<br />Droughts in Russia<br />Hurricanes hitting the Caribbean and the USA<br />
  • 196.
  • 197. Droughts and Floods?<br />
  • 198. Yes, The Models predict that Both will co-exist<br />
  • 199. We observe…<br />Floods in Pakistan<br />Droughts in Russia<br />Hurricanes hitting the Caribbean and the USA<br />
  • 200. Hurricanes and floods in USA<br />
  • 201. All these intemperate weather conditions lead to stresses on food production <br />
  • 202. The Food on which we all depend<br />
  • 203. Drought Devastates Agriculture<br />
  • 204. That leads to More Hunger<br />
  • 205. Above all, Science must be mobilized<br />
  • 206. The Role Of Science<br />
  • 207. From the Green Revolution to the Doubly Green Revolution<br />
  • 208.
  • 209. AREA SAVED<br />India -- All Cereals,1960-1990<br />Millions of Hectares<br />250<br />200<br />150<br />AREA SAVED<br />100<br />AREA USED<br />50<br />1960<br />1965<br />1970<br />1975<br />1980<br />1985<br />1990<br />Total production: 1961: 87million tons -- 1990 :197 million tons<br />
  • 210.
  • 211.
  • 212.
  • 213.
  • 214. Doubly green revolution<br />More genetically diverse crops<br />Less chemical inputs (IPM and other means)<br />Integrated soil, water and nutrient management<br />Small holder farming system context, environmentally and socio-economically<br />
  • 215.
  • 216.
  • 217.
  • 218.
  • 219. Recognize The Gender Dimension<br />
  • 220. Promoting Alternatives to Slash and Burn<br />
  • 221. AlwaysPro-Poor Pro-Women Pro-Environment<br />
  • 222. A Double Shift in the Research Paradigm:<br />-- Contextualization-- The new life sciences<br />
  • 223. The Role Of Science<br />Land <br />Water <br />Plants <br />Animals<br />The Role Of Aquatic Resources<br />
  • 224. The Role Of Science<br />Land <br />Water <br />Plants <br />Animals<br />The Role Of Aquatic Resources<br />
  • 225. Land Use Transitions<br />Source: J.A. Foley, et.al., Global Consequences of Land Use, in Science, 22 July 2005, v.309, pp.570-574<br />
  • 226.
  • 227. The Role Of Science<br />Land <br />Water <br />Plants <br />Animals<br />The Role Of Aquatic Resources<br />
  • 228. Water Is Also a Constraint<br />
  • 229.
  • 230. One Calorie = One Liter<br />
  • 231.
  • 232.
  • 233.
  • 234.
  • 235.
  • 236. More Crop Per Drop!<br />
  • 237. The Role Of Science<br />Land <br />Water <br />Plants <br />Animals<br />The Role Of Aquatic Resources<br />
  • 238. Three Themes in Rice Researchfor Increased Production<br />Yield (t/ha)<br />Ceiling<br />Current<br />Source: Gurdev Khush, Lecture at BioVision Lyon 2005<br />
  • 239. Three Themes in Rice Researchfor Increased Production<br />Yield (t/ha)<br />Ceiling<br />Current<br />A<br />Raise the Yield Ceiling<br />Source: Gurdev Khush, Lecture at BioVision Lyon 2005<br />
  • 240. Three Themes in Rice Researchfor Increased Production<br />Yield (t/ha)<br />Ceiling<br />Current<br />A<br />Raise the Yield Ceiling<br />Source: Gurdev Khush, Lecture at BioVision Lyon 2005<br />
  • 241. Three Themes in Rice Researchfor Increased Production<br />Yield (t/ha)<br />Ceiling<br />Current<br />A<br />B<br />Raise the Yield Ceiling<br />Close the Yield Gap<br />Source: Gurdev Khush, Lecture at BioVision Lyon 2005<br />
  • 242. Three Themes in Rice Researchfor Increased Production<br />Yield (t/ha)<br />Ceiling<br />Current<br />A<br />B<br />Raise the Yield Ceiling<br />Close the Yield Gap<br />Source: Gurdev Khush, Lecture at BioVision Lyon 2005<br />
  • 243. Three Themes in Rice Researchfor Increased Production<br />Yield (t/ha)<br />Ceiling<br />Current<br />A<br />B<br />C<br />Raise the Yield Ceiling<br />Close the Yield Gap<br />Sustain the Current Yield<br />Source: Gurdev Khush, Lecture at BioVision Lyon 2005<br />
  • 244. Three Themes in Rice Researchfor Increased Production<br />Yield (t/ha)<br />Ceiling<br />Current<br />A<br />B<br />C<br />Raise the Yield Ceiling<br />Close the Yield Gap<br />Sustain the Current Yield<br />Source: Gurdev Khush, Lecture at BioVision Lyon 2005<br />
  • 245. Let’s take them by turn<br />
  • 246. Technologies for Increasing the Yield Potential<br />
  • 247. Different Plant Types of Rice Conventional Improved NPT<br />
  • 248. New Plant Type Rice<br />
  • 249. Technologies for Closing the Yield Gap<br />
  • 250. Biological cost of weeds, Diseases and Insects<br />
  • 251. Biological Control<br />
  • 252. IPM: Working With Nature<br />Bio-control<br />Pheromone trap<br />Need-based chemicals<br />Host-plant resistance<br />Etc.<br />
  • 253. Reaction to Bacterial BlightResistant Susceptible<br />
  • 254. Stem-Borer Larvae from Transgenic Rice (top) and Control (bottom)<br />
  • 255. 4. Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Productivity must rise faster than price declines to generate surpluses for the small-holder farmers and reduce their poverty as their cheaper products help reduce the poverty in the cities<br />Measure in terms of Total Factor Productivity (land, water, labor, energy and chemical inputs)<br />
  • 256. Technologies Needed For:<br />increasing the yield potential<br />closing the yield gap, including pest management<br />Soil, water & nutrient management<br />Labor & capital input management<br />developing nutritious crops (more later)<br />
  • 257. The Role Of Science<br />Land <br />Water <br />Plants <br />Animals<br />The Role Of Aquatic Resources<br />
  • 258.
  • 259.
  • 260. Increasing demand for feed<br />
  • 261. A Huge Increase In Feed Requirements<br />
  • 262. Not Just for Food<br />
  • 263. Conversion Into Proteins(% of Feed that is converted to Protein)<br />25%<br />13%<br />5%<br /> Beef Pork Poultry Fish <br />Source: Time magazine, 18 July 2011, p. 29<br />
  • 264. Conversion Into Proteins(% of Feed that is converted to Protein)<br />30%<br />25%<br />13%<br />5%<br /> Beef Pork Poultry Fish <br />Source: Time magazine, 18 July 2011, p. 29<br />
  • 265. The Role Of Science<br />Land <br />Water <br />Plants <br />Animals<br />The Role Of Aquatic Resources<br />
  • 266. Source: William S. Alevizon, Pisces Guide to Caribbean Reef Ecology, Gulf Publishing Company (1994).<br />
  • 267.
  • 268.
  • 269. Global Seafood consumption has increased dramatically, and natural fish stocks are heavily overfished<br />
  • 270. Global Aquaculture Production:1950 = one million tons2008 = 47.3 million tons<br />
  • 271. But Aquaculture is still only about 50% of consumption in 2011<br />
  • 272. Our Reefs Today:The Challenge and the Response<br />
  • 273. The Role Of Science<br />Land <br />Water <br />Plants <br />Animals<br />The Role Of Aquatic Resources<br />
  • 274. The Role Of Science<br />But<br />What about <br />Biotechnology<br />?<br />
  • 275. Biotechnology<br />Promise and perils<br />Partnerships for benign applications<br />Public-private<br />CGIAR-NARS-AROs-NGOs<br />
  • 276.
  • 277.
  • 278. Global Area of Biotech Crops.Million of Hectares (1996 to 2009)<br />200<br /><br />180<br /><br /><br />Trait Hectares<br />160<br /><br />Total Hectares<br /><br />140<br /><br /><br />Industrials<br /><br /><br />Developing<br />120<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />100<br /><br /><br />80<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />60<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />40<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />20<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />0<br /><br />1996<br />2009<br />2008<br />2007<br />2006<br />2005<br />2004<br />2003<br />2002<br />2001<br />2000<br />1999<br />1998<br />1997<br />14 million farmers in 25 countries planted 134 million hectares (330 million acres in 2009, a sustained increase of 7% or 9 million hectares (22 million acres) compared to 2008.<br />Source: Clive James, 2009.<br />
  • 279.
  • 280. Modern biotechnology<br />Raises profound issues<br />Despite controversy, has enormous promise<br />Can do things we cannot do by conventional breeding – e.g. Vitamin A rice<br />
  • 281. It is a tool, like any other.It should not be demonized nor assumed to be a miracle.<br />
  • 282. The Power Of Policy<br />
  • 283. Policy Counts<br />
  • 284. Sustainable development does not mean that people will live worse…<br />
  • 285. Let’s look at income and health<br />
  • 286. Life Expectancy versus Per Capita GNP Best Fit Relation by Decade<br />80<br />70<br />60<br />50<br />40<br />30<br />20<br />0<br />2<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />10<br />12<br />14<br />16<br />18<br />20<br />1987<br />1980<br />1970<br />1961<br />1950<br />Life Expectancy<br />(Thousands) <br />Per Capita GNP (1980 US$)<br />
  • 287. Life Expectancy versus Per Capita GNP Best Fit Relation by Decade<br />80<br />70<br />60<br />50<br />40<br />30<br />20<br />0<br />2<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />10<br />12<br />14<br />16<br />18<br />20<br />1987<br />1980<br />1970<br />1961<br />1950<br />Life Expectancy<br />(Thousands) <br />Per Capita GNP (1980 US$)<br />
  • 288. Life Expectancy versus Per Capita GNP Best Fit Relation by Decade<br />80<br />70<br />60<br />50<br />40<br />30<br />20<br />0<br />2<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />10<br />12<br />14<br />16<br />18<br />20<br />1987<br />1980<br />1970<br />1961<br />1950<br />Life Expectancy<br />(Thousands) <br />Per Capita GNP (1980 US$)<br />
  • 289. Life Expectancy versus Per Capita GNP Best Fit Relation by Decade<br />80<br />70<br />60<br />50<br />40<br />30<br />20<br />0<br />2<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />10<br />12<br />14<br />16<br />18<br />20<br />1987<br />1980<br />1970<br />1961<br />1950<br />Life Expectancy<br />(Thousands) <br />Per Capita GNP (1980 US$)<br />
  • 290. 8X!!!<br />That is to say that well conceived, well targeted policies can be the equivalent of a general increase in average incomes by 8X with laissez-faire<br />
  • 291. Transforming Global Agriculture<br />
  • 292. Agriculture Is A Complex FieldSummary for Decision Makers of the Global Report, IAASTD, 2009<br />Source: http://www.agassessment.org/docs/IAASTD_GLOBAL_SDM_JAN_2008.pdf<br />
  • 293. Managing Agriculture is a complex task:Summary for Decision Makers of the Global Report, IAASTD, 2009<br />
  • 294. Ten Commandments For Global Agriculture<br />
  • 295. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 296. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 297. 1. Reform Policies And Markets<br />Globally: Fair trade<br />Locally: <br />Remove urban bias<br />Improve access to markets<br />reduce post harvest losses<br />
  • 298.
  • 299. 1. Reform Policies And Markets<br />Globally: Fair trade<br />Locally:<br />Remove urban bias (educ., health, etc.)<br />Improve access to markets<br />reduce post harvest losses<br />
  • 300. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 301. So, dealing with global poverty requires that we address rural poverty…ANDA special focus on small-holder farmers in developing countries in particular to address the problem of food security<br />
  • 302. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 303. 3. Husband Natural Resources<br />Agriculture is the major interface between people and nature<br />Sustainable development is beneficial for all<br />Resource degradation hits the poor worst<br />
  • 304. The Most Important Environmental Action Is to Reduce the Need for More Land Under Cultivation<br />
  • 305. It will preserve habitats and biodiversity<br />
  • 306.
  • 307. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 308. 4. Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Productivity must rise faster than price declines to generate surpluses for the small-holder farmers and reduce their poverty as their cheaper products help reduce the poverty in the cities<br />Measure in terms of Total Factor Productivity (land, water, labor, energy and chemical inputs)<br />
  • 309. Raiseproductivity of small-holderfarmersfasterthan the price of food drops<br />Rice<br /> production<br />Rice<br />price<br />Source: Production: FAOSTAT Electronic Database, FAO.10June2003<br />Rice Price: Relate to Thai rice 5%-broken deflated by G-5 MUV Index deflator (adjusted based on 2002 data update)<br />Source: World Bank Quarterly Review of Commodity Markets<br />World rice production and pricesadjusted for inflation, 1961-2002<br />
  • 310. Less Water<br />Less Land<br />Less Labor<br />Less Chemicals<br />Increasing<br />Population<br />Future Challenges<br />To Produce More Food<br />
  • 311. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 312. 5. Improve Nutritional Content<br />Enormous health benefits<br />Bio-fortification is just the beginning <br />Edible vaccines?<br />
  • 313. Sweet Potatoes with and Without Beta-Carotene<br />With<br />Without<br />
  • 314.
  • 315. Longer, More Productive Lives<br />
  • 316. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 317. 6. Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Most farmers live precariously<br />Downside is devastating<br />Climate change is increasing vulnerability<br />
  • 318.
  • 319.
  • 320. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 321. 7. Empower Women<br />Essential to recognize the gender dimension of agriculture<br />Empowering Women results in major improvements in infant mortality, school enrolments, child morbidity<br />
  • 322.
  • 323.
  • 324.
  • 325. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 326. 8. Reach Out To The Ultra-Poor<br />Market incentives do not work for the ultra-poor<br />Trickle-down does not work<br />Special Programs will be needed<br />
  • 327.
  • 328.
  • 329. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 330. 9. Support Science<br />We need more support for science in developing countries<br />Not just technology<br />
  • 331. 331<br />
  • 332. 332<br />
  • 333. The Divide in S&T Capacity <br />
  • 334.
  • 335.
  • 336. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 337. Rhetoric<br />Declarations<br />Plans<br />Targets<br />Action<br />
  • 338. “We have the capacity to eliminate hunger from the face of the earth in our lifetime. <br />We need only the will.”<br />President John F. Kennedy<br />World Food Congress 1963<br />
  • 339.
  • 340. The Ten Commandments For Transforming Global Agriculture<br />Reform Policies And Markets <br />Focus On Small-holder Farmers<br />Husband Natural Resources<br />Raise Agricultural Productivity<br />Improve Nutritional Content<br />Address Short-term Vulnerability<br />Empower Women<br />Reach Out To The Ultra-poor<br />Support Science <br />Translate Rhetoric Into Action<br />
  • 341. Envoi<br />
  • 342. All the Parts Are Essential:They Reinforce Each Other<br />
  • 343. The Whole Is More Than the Sum of the Parts<br />
  • 344. Diagnosis<br />How to find the key pressure points in the system <br />How to choose interventions that will have maximum impact on these<br />Must focus on raising productivity in the complex ecosystem of the small holder farm<br />Must bring science and other inputs to the farmers<br />
  • 345. No policy or program willeverbesufficientaloneWeneed a range of interventions… Many existing policies need to be adjusted and many new programs need to be developed.<br />
  • 346. Several policies and programs need to be developed for:<br />Agriculture<br />Environment<br />Social Issues<br />Political Issues<br />Participation<br />Gender<br />Urbanization<br />Poverty<br />Infrastructure<br />Economy<br />Trade<br />Marketing<br />Public/Private Interface<br />Finance and credit<br />Local, National, Régional and International Issues<br />And more …<br />
  • 347.
  • 348.
  • 349. It can be Mastered and Solved<br />
  • 350.
  • 351. Dare to dream!Dare to be bold!<br />
  • 352. The specter of Malthus still haunts the world…<br />
  • 353. We can abolish Hunger<br />
  • 354. Our groupThe New Abolitionists<br />Limited size, limited resources<br />
  • 355. The Oppositioncynics, entrenched interests & the inertia of current injustice<br />Large size, unlimited resources<br />
  • 356. But we will surprise the World! <br />
  • 357. Thank You<br />
  • 358.
  • 359. The images used in this presentation are strictly for the educational purpose of this lecture. Any use by anyone for any other purpose should be after consulting the copyright owners of these pictures<br />

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