2013 Global Food Policy Report Berlin Launch Event
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2013 Global Food Policy Report Berlin Launch Event

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Presentation by Shenggen Fan, IFPRI Director General, at "Berlin Launch of IFPRI’s 2013 Global Food Policy Report" event. June 11, 2014 in Berlin, Germany. Event details at: ...

Presentation by Shenggen Fan, IFPRI Director General, at "Berlin Launch of IFPRI’s 2013 Global Food Policy Report" event. June 11, 2014 in Berlin, Germany. Event details at: http://www.ifpri.org/event/berlin-launch-ifpri-s-2013-global-food-policy-report

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2013 Global Food Policy Report Berlin Launch Event 2013 Global Food Policy Report Berlin Launch Event Presentation Transcript

  • Global food policy highlights Nutrition gets the spotlight • Increased investments – G8 Nutrition for Growth Summit • Expansion of New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition • Bigger momentum of SUN Movement • New evidence – The Lancet Series Post-2015 agenda and SDGs gain traction • Recognition of linkages among development outcomes • BUT lack of consensus on agriculture, food, and nutrition goals
  • Regional and national developments • Africa: CAADP turns 10; Development of Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa • Middle East & North Africa: Impressive food policies incl. land reform, open data initiative • Central Asia & Russia: New reforms incl. improved agricultural productivity, agribusiness competitiveness, and trade • South Asia: Strategic actions for ensuring food security and adapting to climate change; India’s Right to Food Act
  • Post-2015 agenda End hunger and undernutrition by 2025  For ethical and economic reasons  Evidence from various countries suggests it is realistic to pursue this goal View slide
  • 0 10 20 30 40 50 DRC Madagascar Ethiopia Nepal Yemen Uganda Tanzania Burma Bangladesh Kenya Sudan Nigeria Pakistan India Vietnam Philippines Indonesia US$ Economic returns to US$ 1 invested in reducing stunting Source: Hoddinott et al. 2013 Undernutrition leads to • Impaired physical and cognitive development • Productivity losses • Problems of social inclusion Economic losses (% of GDP) • Global: 2-3% • Ethiopia: 17% • India: 2.5% • Uganda: 6% Source: Stein and Qaim 2007; AUC, NEPAD, UNECA, WFP 2013; FAO 2013 Undernutrition is costly But nutrition investments have high returns View slide
  • 0 5 10 15 20 25 Percent Achievable scenario, Undernourishment Achievable scenario, Stunting BAU scenario, Stunting BAU scenario, Undernourishment Prevalence of global undernourishment and stunting under business as usual (BAU) and achievable scenarios Source: Based on data from FAO 2013 and WDI 2013 5% residual To end undernourishment and stunting by 2025, prevalence needs to decline by • 7% annually for undernourishment • 12% annually for stunting What will it take to end hunger and undernutrition by 2025?
  • The right strategies can speed up progress
  •  Agricultural growth enhances hunger reduction • Increases household incomes and diversifies diets • Reduces food prices to benefit poor net food buyers • Creates employment; stimulates rural nonfarm economy • Generates government revenues  Subsectoral growth matters (e.g. small vs. large farms; staple vs. cash crops) Source: Pauw and Thurlow 2010  Whether subsectoral growth reduces hunger depends on • Its linkages with rest of economy • Its initial size and geographic concentration • Its growth potential • Market opportunities Source: Fan and Brzeska 2012 Role of agricultural growth strategies -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 Maize Pulses & oilseeds Horticulture Livestock Export crops Percent Calorie deficiency-growth elasticities, Tanzania (2000-07)
  • Role of social protection strategies 0 5 10 15 20 25 Ecuador, food Ecuador, cash Ecuador, vouchers Uganda, food Uganda, cash % Change in caloric acquisition Change in Food Consumption Score (FCS) Impact of transfers relative to non-recipient households in Ecuador and Uganda Source: Hoddinott et al. 2013 Note: FCS is a frequency-weighted measures of food diversity  Social safety nets promote growth by • Building assets and protecting them from shocks • Reducing inequality • Facilitating structural reform • Increasing effective allocation of resources  Effectiveness depends on proper design and implementation  Effective safety nets should have • Clear objective • Feasible means of targeting • Reliable transfer mode • Sound M&E system • Transparency Role of social protection strategies
  •  Acceleration of progress in nutrition requires • Nutrition-specific interventions to address immediate causes such as inadequate nutrient intake  E.g. micronutrient supplementation • Nutrition-sensitive programs to address underlying causes such as inadequate access to healthcare and sanitation  E.g. water and sanitation  Nutrition-sensitive programs can serve as delivery platforms for nutrition-specific interventions • Increases scale, coverage, and effectiveness Source: Bhutta et al. 2013; Ruel and Alderman 2013 Role of nutrition strategies
  • Approaches to ending hunger and undernutrition by 2025 1. Promote country-led strategies and investments 2. Scale-up evidence-based policies and policy experiments 3. Facilitate knowledge sharing and transfer 4. Enhance role of the private sector 5. Support data revolution on hunger and undernutrition
  • Highlights from IFPRI’s 2020 Conference  Resilience is about • capabilities at all levels to predict, prevent, cope with, recover, and even prosper after shocks • bridging gap between short-term relief and long-term development goals • a systems way of thinking  Effective measurement of resilience is crucial  Multi-disciplinary, multi-actor approaches should be employed  Mainstreaming resilience into research, programming, and policies is a must Resilience critical to end hunger and undernutrition by 2025
  • End hunger and undernutrition by 2025  For ethical and economic reasons  Evidence from various countries suggests it is realistic to pursue this goal  BUT governments and donors must devote sufficient resources and implement appropriate policies
  • “It always seems impossible until it's done” - Nelson Mandela