• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Great Concentration of Production 2006 Census
 

Great Concentration of Production 2006 Census

on

  • 740 views

Eliseu Alves

Eliseu Alves
University of São Paulo

Statistics

Views

Total Views
740
Views on SlideShare
738
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0

2 Embeds 2

http://www.slideshare.net 1
http://www.ifpri.org 1

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Great Concentration of Production 2006 Census Great Concentration of Production 2006 Census Presentation Transcript

    • Great concentration of production 2006 Census Explanation: technology or farm size in ha? Eliseu Alves IFPRI Meeting, Bold actions for stimulating inclusive growth, June 2 2010
      • The role of agricultural research and Embrapa in Brazilian poverty reduction
      IFPRI research project title : Agreement Embrapa – IFPRI
      • Sinshen Diao leader and responsible for step 4;
      • Eduardo Magalhães consultant at IFPRI and responsible for Step1;
      • Daniela Rocha consultant and data support collection at IBGE
      Research team from IFPRI: Embrapa – IFPRI partnership
      • Geraldo da Silva e Souza, leader and responsible for step 4;
      • Antônio Flávio Dias Avila responsible for step 4;
      • Eliane Gomes responsible for step 3.
      • Collaborators from Embrapa
      • Eliseu Alves, Fernando Garagorry, Cláudio Barroso and Maria Abadia Alves.
      Research team from Embrapa: Embrapa – IFPRI partnership
      • To establish gross income classes for the IFPRI research project;
      • To give an idea of the groups of farms for which there is in agriculture a solution of the income problem ;
      • To classify the farms to fundament the sample design.
      Objectives of the gross income study
      • 85% of the population is urban: urban competition for labor;
      • Minimum wage is required and well known;
      • Strong links with the international market;
      • Enforcement of the minimum wage law;
      • Presence of television, newspaper and radio;
      • Social movements .
      Gross income study : dynamic labor market: Opportunity cost is well known by family. Reasons:
    • Region Index (%) North 74.40 Northeast 72.55 Center-West 89.50 Southeast 93.28 South 84.11 Brazil 84.59 Urbanization index, 2007
    •  
    • Region Number (1,000) % North 3,630 11,6 Northeast 14,770 47,1 Center-West 1,789 5,7 Southeast 6,440 20,5 South 4,739 15,1 Brazil 31,368 100,0 Rural population, 2007
    • Region Farm number % R$/farm North 475,775 9.2 12,923.88 Northeast 2,454,006 47.4 11,578.44 Center-West 317,478 6.1 62,495.55 Southeast 922,049 17.8 52,009.71 South 1,006,181 19.5 41,210.64 Brazil 5,175,489 100,0 27,789.50 Number of farms and gross income by farm
      • gifmw = gross income by farm by month in minimum wage units
      Gross income
    • Regions Frequency Nº Frequency Region (%) Frequency Brazil (%) Production Region (%) gifmw Brazil 3,775,826 72.96 100,0 4.04 0.43 North 360,190 75.71 9.54 11.07 0.53 Northeast 2,149,279 87.58 56.92 9.64 0.35 Center-West 216,215 68.10 5.73 1.79 0.46 Southeast 572,859 62.13 15.17 1.99 0.46 South 477,283 47.44 12.64 2.60 0.63 Minimum wage gross income class [0,2]
    • Obs.: Month value of the minimum wage = R$300.00 (2006). Minimum wage class Number of Farms % R$/farm/month 0 579,024 15.46 0 (0, ½] 2,014,567 51.62 53.64 (1/2. 1] 611,775 17.11 214.57 (1, 2] 570,480 15.81 428.55 Total 3,775,826 100.00 189.00 Subclasses of the [0,2] minimum wage gross income class [0,2]
    • Regions Frequency Nº Frequency Region (%) Frequency Brazil (%) Production Region (%) gifmw Brazil 975,974 18.86 100,00 11.08 4.53 North 92,799 19,50 9.51 21.79 4.01 Northeast 228,076 9,29 23.37 12.19 4.22 Center-West 71,287 22,45 7,30 5.56 4.30 Southeast 226,625 24,58 23.22 7.83 4.66 South 357,187 35,50 36.60 15.12 4.88 Minimum wage gross income class [2,10]
    • Regions Frequency Nº Frequency Region (%) Frequency Brazil (%) Production Region (%) gifmw Brazil 423,689 8.19 100.00 84.89 80.04 North 22,786 4.79 5.38 67.13 50.32 Northeast 76,651 3.12 18.09 78.17 80.49 Center-West 29,976 9.44 7.08 92.65 170.35 Southeast 122,565 13.29 28.93 90.18 98.01 South 171,711 17.07 40.52 82.28 55.19 Minimum wage gross income class >10
    • Regions Frequency Nº Frequency Region (%) Frequency Brazil (%) Production Region (%) gifmw Brazil 22,188 0.43 100.00 51.34 924.37 North 585 0.12 2.64 25.52 745.17 Northeast 3,521 0.14 15.87 49.3 1,112.58 Center-West 4,389 1.38 19.78 73.09 917.99 Southeast 7,830 0.85 35.29 60.36 919.67 South 5,864 0.58 26.42 35.49 697.10 Minimum wage gross income class >200
      • Economic policies for each of the three minimum wage classes
      • Income transfer policies:
          • Retirement policies;
          • Food stamp policies;
      • Elimination of restrictions to part time work
      The low income problem cannot be solved in agriculture only [0,2] minimum wage class
      • Whenever possible :
      • Small irrigation systems;
      • Home industry;
      • Simple technologies that increase yield;
      [0,2] minimum wage class (cont.)
      • New rules for rural credit: operational or investment credit;
      • Contract between extension office and farmer or group of farmers with explicit penalties for both parties;
      • A plan that integrate farm and home operations for credit purposes;
      • The participation of family farmers in extension boards with supervision powers.
      The low income problem can be solved at the farm level [2,10] minimum wage class
      • Competitive interest rate at the international level;
      • Training of private extension at research units;
      • Simplification of the export procedures;
      • Reduction of the Brazilian cost: infrastructure,
      • Excess of bureaucratic rules and corruption;
      • Sound macroeconomic policies.
      • Policies to foster the exports and to reach new markets.
      • To increase investments in research.
      They can take care of themselves Over 10 minimum wage class
    • Thank you! Eliseu Alves [email_address] +55 61 3448-4202