Breeding crops for better nutrition

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2020 Conference on "Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health"
February 12, 2011
Credit: Howarth Bouis, HarvestPlus

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Breeding crops for better nutrition

  1. 1. As we speak, a consequence ofrising food prices is a significantincrease in iron, zinc, vitamin Aand other mineral and vitamindeficiencies in developingcountries.
  2. 2. % Changes in Cereal & Pulse Production& in Population Between 1965 & 1999 Cereals Pulses Population250200150100 50 0 Developing Developing Developing India India Bangladesh Bangladesh World Pakistan Pakistan
  3. 3. Share of Energy Source & Food Budget in Rural Bangladesh Fish and Meat Non-Staple plants Energy Source Food BudgetStaple foods
  4. 4. 50% Increase in All Food Prices Share of Total Expenditures Before After Staples Animal Staples Non-Food Non-Food
  5. 5. Biofortified Crops: Asia•Iron & Zinc Pearl Millet (India) 2012•Zinc Rice (Bangladesh, India) Wheat (India, Pakistan) 2013 2013
  6. 6. Biofortified Crops: AfricaIron 2012 Beans (Rwanda)Vitamin A 2011 Cassava(Nigeria, DR Congo) Maize (Zambia) 2012 Sweet Potato (Uganda, Mozambique) RELEASED!
  7. 7. Impact of Orange Sweet Potato Adoption on Intakesof Vitamin A in Mozambique and Uganda by AgeGroup 1200 impact 1000 control at project end 800 Mozambique Uganda 600 400 200 0
  8. 8. Niche for Biofortificaton• Cost-effective, e.g. Copenhagen Consensus• Investment of $300-400 million over 15 years will have an economic return of tens of billions of dollars• Focuses on women and children whose nutrition requirements are highest• Works best where women are farmers; women are more open to nutrition messages than men• Targets the rural poor• Sustainable, most costs are front-loaded• Links agriculture and nutrition; HarvestPlus has a proven track record in bringing the agriculture and nutrition communities together• The technology now on the shelf waiting to be implemented; impacts will improve over time

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