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BRAZILIAN AGRICULTURE - RECENT DEVELOPMENT
Brazilian agriculture: before 1970's <ul><li>Low Ag production and low yields </li></ul><ul><li>Production concentrated in...
Source: MAPA / Biomes MMA 2006 / ABRAF BRAZILIAN TERRITORY BRAZILIAN BIOMES   Amazon Biomes 420 M ha Crops 77 M ha Planted...
Source: Conab / MAPA and IBGE (pastures – 2006) MAIN CROPS - Area 2007/2008  Harvest Most of recent expansion in agricultu...
Source: CNA MAJOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN BRAZIL  GROSS VALUE OF PRODUCTION  (June 2009)
Harvesting soybean Harvesting cotton Corn field Soybean field GRAINS AND FIBERS
GRAINS - Production and Area (1 991 to 2010*) Harvested Area Growth: 27% = 1.3% / year Production  Growth: 145% =  4.8% / ...
05/21/09 Viabilization of agriculture in the Cerrado Evolution and expansion of soybean in  Brazil 1960 1975 2005
Harvesting soybeans Sowing corn (2 nd  harvest) Scale, mechanization Two crops in the same year without irrigation No till...
MEAT  Large scale, state of the art production Biggest exporter of beef and poultry
Meat Production 1994 - 2008 Source: ABIEC, ABEF, UBA and ABIPECS  Beef : +73 % (94-08) Pork:  + 128% (94-08) Broiler : + 2...
MILK - increase on production led to self sufficiency and exports
Milk Production 1990 - 2008 Source: ABIEC, ABEFand, UBA + 99 %
SUGAR CANE sustainable energy production
SUGAR and ETHANOL: Production and Area * Estimate (2nd Sugar Cane Harvest Survey: September/ 09 ) SUGAR Growth 2002-2009: ...
ENERGY MATRIX: BRAZILIAN RENEWABLE MIX  BRAZILIAN ENERGY MIX WORLD ENERGY MIX Source: MME/BEN, 2006 Share of renewable ene...
Sources: Conab, IBGE, MAPA Domestic Consumption and Exports  (2009)
Sources: USDA,  Ministry of Agriculture of Brazil  2009 Ranking: Brazilian Production and Exports  <ul><li>Brazil plays a ...
EXPORTS OF BRAZILIAN AGRIBUSINESS MAIN PRODUCTS - 2009 Source: AgroStat Brasil, data from SECEX/ MDIC Total: US$  64,8  bi...
EXPORTS OF BRAZILIAN AGRIBUSINESS MAIN DESTINATIONS - 2009 Source: AgroStat Brasil, data from SECEX/ MDIC 2009 Total: US$ ...
Brazilian Trade Balance 1980 – 2009* TOTAL AGRIBUSINESS OTHERS Source: MAPA and SECEX/MDIC *Estimate: last 12 months (Dec ...
MAIN DRIVING-FORCES OF AGRIBUSINESS CHANGES <ul><li>AVAILABLE LAND - CERRADOS </li></ul><ul><li>GOVERNMENT POLICIES: MACRO...
SOME LESSONS FROM BRAZILIAN EXPERIENCE <ul><li>AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS IS A KEY SECTOR FOR DEVELOPMENT  </li></ul><ul...
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Brazilian Agriculture: Recent Development

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  • Na tabela somente atualizar dados para o Brasil todo.
  • Transcript of "Brazilian Agriculture: Recent Development"

    1. 1. BRAZILIAN AGRICULTURE - RECENT DEVELOPMENT
    2. 2. Brazilian agriculture: before 1970's <ul><li>Low Ag production and low yields </li></ul><ul><li>Production concentrated in South/Southeast </li></ul><ul><li>Food supply crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Rural poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of specific knowledge on Tropical Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional void ( ag research, education, markets, media and governmental agencies, etc.) </li></ul>THE TASK: TO MOVE FROM TRADITIONAL AGRICULTURE TO AGRICULTURE BASED ON SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY.
    3. 3. Source: MAPA / Biomes MMA 2006 / ABRAF BRAZILIAN TERRITORY BRAZILIAN BIOMES Amazon Biomes 420 M ha Crops 77 M ha Planted Forests 6 M ha Brazil 851 M ha
    4. 4. Source: Conab / MAPA and IBGE (pastures – 2006) MAIN CROPS - Area 2007/2008 Harvest Most of recent expansion in agricultural area is on pasture land
    5. 5. Source: CNA MAJOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN BRAZIL GROSS VALUE OF PRODUCTION (June 2009)
    6. 6. Harvesting soybean Harvesting cotton Corn field Soybean field GRAINS AND FIBERS
    7. 7. GRAINS - Production and Area (1 991 to 2010*) Harvested Area Growth: 27% = 1.3% / year Production Growth: 145% = 4.8% / year Source: CONAB. *Estimate: October/ 2009
    8. 8. 05/21/09 Viabilization of agriculture in the Cerrado Evolution and expansion of soybean in Brazil 1960 1975 2005
    9. 9. Harvesting soybeans Sowing corn (2 nd harvest) Scale, mechanization Two crops in the same year without irrigation No tillage (environmentally friendly)
    10. 10. MEAT Large scale, state of the art production Biggest exporter of beef and poultry
    11. 11. Meat Production 1994 - 2008 Source: ABIEC, ABEF, UBA and ABIPECS Beef : +73 % (94-08) Pork: + 128% (94-08) Broiler : + 212% (94-08)
    12. 12. MILK - increase on production led to self sufficiency and exports
    13. 13. Milk Production 1990 - 2008 Source: ABIEC, ABEFand, UBA + 99 %
    14. 14. SUGAR CANE sustainable energy production
    15. 15. SUGAR and ETHANOL: Production and Area * Estimate (2nd Sugar Cane Harvest Survey: September/ 09 ) SUGAR Growth 2002-2009: 93.2% (8.6% p.y.) ETHANOL Growth 2002-2009: 142.4% (11.7% p.y.) Sources: SPAE / MAPA and CONAB / MAPA Harvested Area Growth 2002-2009: 44.5% (5.4% p.y.)
    16. 16. ENERGY MATRIX: BRAZILIAN RENEWABLE MIX BRAZILIAN ENERGY MIX WORLD ENERGY MIX Source: MME/BEN, 2006 Share of renewable energy in the total primary energy: 45% Share of renewable energy in the power generation: 85%
    17. 17. Sources: Conab, IBGE, MAPA Domestic Consumption and Exports (2009)
    18. 18. Sources: USDA, Ministry of Agriculture of Brazil 2009 Ranking: Brazilian Production and Exports <ul><li>Brazil plays a leading role as global supplier for agribusiness products: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exports for more than 200 markets; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diversified product range to ensure food security. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. EXPORTS OF BRAZILIAN AGRIBUSINESS MAIN PRODUCTS - 2009 Source: AgroStat Brasil, data from SECEX/ MDIC Total: US$ 64,8 billions
    20. 20. EXPORTS OF BRAZILIAN AGRIBUSINESS MAIN DESTINATIONS - 2009 Source: AgroStat Brasil, data from SECEX/ MDIC 2009 Total: US$ 64,8 billions
    21. 21. Brazilian Trade Balance 1980 – 2009* TOTAL AGRIBUSINESS OTHERS Source: MAPA and SECEX/MDIC *Estimate: last 12 months (Dec 08 – Nov 09)
    22. 22. MAIN DRIVING-FORCES OF AGRIBUSINESS CHANGES <ul><li>AVAILABLE LAND - CERRADOS </li></ul><ul><li>GOVERNMENT POLICIES: MACROECONOMIC AND AGRICULTURAL </li></ul><ul><li>TROPICAL AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>FARMERS: SMALL AND MIDDLE </li></ul>
    23. 23. SOME LESSONS FROM BRAZILIAN EXPERIENCE <ul><li>AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS IS A KEY SECTOR FOR DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD POLICIES (MACRO AND AGRICULTURAL) ARE IMPORTANT WITH ADEQUATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS </li></ul><ul><li>PEOPLE WITH EXPERIENCE - GOOD FARMERS </li></ul><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE AND AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY </li></ul>.
    24. 24. Thank you ! [email_address]
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