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Increasing small farm technology and sustainable resource management

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  • 13/06/11
  • Transcript

    • 1. Conference on New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture Rudy Rabbinge Increasing small farm technology and sustainable resource management 24 January 2011
    • 2.
      • 1. Trends in agriculture
      • 2. Farming systems in various regions
      • 3. Science and technologies for small farmers
      • 4. Conclusions and recommendations
      Contents
    • 3. Contents
      • 1. Trends in agriculture
      • 2. Farming systems in various regions
      • 3. Science and technologies for small farmers
      • 4. Conclusions and recommendations
    • 4. Megatrend (1): Productivity rise
      • Land productivity x 5 - 6
      • Labor productivity x 200 - 300
      • Energy and other inputs x 2 - 4
      1400 1910 2000 Grain production in NL between 1400 and 2000
    • 5. Megatrend (2): From craft to industry
      • From adaptive (adapting to environment) to maximum control (fertilizer, pesticides, irrigation)
      • Introduction of non-terrestrial agriculture
      • Greenhouse and substrate production
      • High level of value-added !!
    • 6. Megatrend (3): Chain management
      • From spade to plate
      • Reverse chain: consumer (or retail) driven
      • Quality, food safety, convenience foods, etc.
      • Logistic efficiency (on time delivery), unit cost of production
      • Value-added on numerous stages of the chain  cumulative
    • 7. Megatrend (4): Multiple objectives
      • Environmentally friendly
        • no pollution
        • no waste
      • Animal friendly
      • Landscape
    • 8. Megatrend (5): An interactive knowledge model Excellent research and unique facilities Synergistic expertise of research groups Collaboration between research groups An active, innovative industry A committed society Networks with scientists Acknowledgment of mutual interests Supporting policies A facilitating government Policy Science Industry society New solutions
    • 9. Contents
      • 1. Trends in agriculture
      • 2. Farming systems in various regions
      • 3. Science and technologies for small farmers
      • 4. Conclusions and recommendations
    • 10. Production systems Diversified – mixed systems
      • Complex – many crops and animals together
      • Poor economies of scale
      • Little use of technologies and input
      • Technology not geared to mixed systems
      • Low productivity and efficiency not competitive
      • Reduced risk to environmental stress
      • Ensures (subsistence) livelihood
      • Spiral of poverty ?
      Land extensive Little use inputs
    • 11. Farming systems in Africa Source: Dixon et al, 2001
    • 12. Priority Farming systems Agricultural value added (worldbank) Underweight children (CIESIN)
      • Irrigated system
      • Maize mixed system
      • Tree-crop system
      • Cereal-root crop mixed system
      Source: IAC-report Realizing the promise and potential of African Agriculture
    • 13. Priority Farming systems Source: IAC-report Realizing the promise and potential of African Agriculture Irrigated system Maize mixed system Tree crop based system Cereal root crop mixed system Hunger Hotspot (CIESIN)
    • 14. Production potential of SSA
    • 15. Limiting conditions
      • Small sized farmers
        • Lack of credit
        • Land tenure and property rights
        • Access to markets
        • Access to market information
        • Education and extension
        • No dedicated technologies
    • 16. Contents
      • 1. Trends in agriculture
      • 2. Farming systems in various regions
      • 3. Science and technologies for small farmers
      • 4. Conclusions and recommendations
    • 17. Features
      • Long term – endurance
      • Complex mixed production systems
      • Knowledge intensive (on the shelf inappropriate)
      • Small volume
      • High cost
      • “ Infant crop” - support
      • Local/regional markets
      • Niche markets for export
    • 18. Science and technologies for smallholders
      • An urgent need for technologies tailored for smallholders
      • More attention for orphan crops
      • More attention for low cost technologies
      • More attention for farming systems approach
      • Precision agriculture
      • Leap frogging technologies to high productive systems
      • Ecological literacy at all levels
    • 19. Science and technology for small farmers
      • Capacity building
      • Agricultural colleges
      • Vocational education
      • In service training
      • Corporate responsibilities
    • 20. Role of private sector and public sector
      • Private sector
      • - More investment in primary production
      • - Lead the supply chains and focus on smallholders
      • - Strengthen the capacity building
      • Public sector
      • - Investment in knowledge infrastructure
      • - Strengthen cooperatives and competitive power
      • - Develop appropriate land use and voluntary guidelines
    • 21. Contents
      • 1. Trends in agriculture
      • 2. Farming systems in various regions
      • 3. Science and technologies for small farmers
      • 4. Conclusions and recommendations
    • 22. Recommendations
      • Increase investments in agriculture and agricultural research
      • Create functioning institutions
      • Create and retain a new generation of scientists
      • Initiatives of IFAD very welcome
      • Strengthen entrepreneurship at all levels
      • Promote best ecological means and ecological literacy
    • 23. Thank you for your attention