Africa offers more opportunity


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Africa offers more opportunity

  1. 1. “Africa offers more opportunity<br />than any place in the world.”<br />(Stephen Hayes)<br />Private sectordevelopment<br />throughmigration<br />Regina Bauerochse Barbosa<br />GTZ Sector Project Migration and Development<br />Tunis, 10/23/2009<br />
  2. 2. Facts about AfricaOpportunities.<br />“In a survey by “Africa Recruit “among African migrants in Europe, 33% of remittances senders confirmed their plans to invest in Africa or to engage in an African enterprise.<br />Remittance flows to and within Africa approach $40 billion.<br />Since 2006, foreign investment in Africa exceeded foreign aid (40 billion), with over $60 billion in global FDI in 2008.<br />“Africa’s profitability is one of the best kept secrets in<br />today’s world economy.” – Kofi Annan<br />Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  3. 3. Migrants‘ potentialsSectors of action.<br />Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  4. 4. Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />06/29/2009<br />Remittances<br />
  5. 5. Individual diaspora investmentAENEAS Project in Morocco‘s Region Oriental.<br />Objective:createbasicconditionsthat<br />mobilizethe potential of migrationforthe<br />Region Oriental<br />Approach:<br /><ul><li>CreatingcooperationandinformationstructuresbetweeneconomicpartnersandtheMoroccandiaspora
  6. 6. Information campaigns, Match-Making etc.
  7. 7. Improvingthebusinessandinvestmentclimate
  8. 8. Offeringfinancialand non-financialservicesformigrants‘ andlocal SMEs</li></ul>Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  9. 9. Collective investment by DiasporaGTZ Pilot Programme for migrant associations‘ projects.<br />Project example:<br />Rodentbreedingandorganicfarmingfor<br />commercialpurposes in Nigeria<br />Objective:<br /><ul><li>enabling 100 womeneach in 5 communitiesto</li></ul>get a sustainablelivelihoodbasis<br /><ul><li>erecting a demonstrationfarmfororganicfood
  10. 10. migrantstrain 500 women</li></ul>Outcomes:<br /><ul><li>Income of 500 familiesraised
  11. 11. Improvedfoodaccesssituationofpopulation
  12. 12. Enhacedrole of women in theirfamilies</li></ul>Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  13. 13. Migration as trade catalyst<br />Econometricanalysis: In Canada, a 10% <br />increase in immigrants is associated with a 1%<br />increase in Canadian exports to the immigrant&apos;s<br />home country and a 3% increase in imports.<br />Some examples:<br /><ul><li>On average, Ethiopian diaspora investors from Germany invest around €30,000
  14. 14. Small and„suitcase“ traderepresentupto 20% of Algerianimportsandupto 50% of trade in someMoroccanregions
  15. 15. North Africa: carmarketssuppliedbynetworks of migrantsliving in Italy
  16. 16. Majorityof German carpettradeby Hamburg Afghan diaspora</li></ul>Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  17. 17. Contribution of diaspora to tradeECOPIA <br />ECOPIA: directed by Ethiopian diaspora members<br /> from Germany, <br /><ul><li>produces ecological products such as jam, juice</li></ul> and soap for the local and German markets. <br /><ul><li>Acts as a consultant and incubator for other small-scale businesses in the area of food and natural cosmetic production in collaboration with University of Bahir Dar
  18. 18. providing graduates of the university with training at ECOPIA focusing on food processing and the creation of new food products
  19. 19. graduates go back to the region and try to set up a small-scale enterprise, maintainbusinesscontactswith ECOPIA </li></ul>Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  20. 20. Knowledge transfer and Innovation<br /><ul><li>Risingshare of tertiary-educatedmigrants
  21. 21. Returningexpertstransfertheirexperience
  22. 22. Knowledgetransferthrough transnational</li></ul>networks<br />“Along with trade and FDI, international migrants <br />are another important channel for the transmission of technology and knowledge.”<br />„A majorityofforeignstudentswhoearntheirdoctorates in the United States returnhome, bringingwiththem a great deal oftechnologicalandmarketknowledgethatrepresents an importanttechnologicaltransferin favourofthedevelopingcountry“<br />Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  23. 23. Knowledge transfer and Innovation<br />CIM (Center for International Migration), <br />a joint venture of GTZ and the German<br />Federal Employment Agency, runs the <br />Returning Experts Programme.<br />Objective: To ease return and make maximum<br />use of gained skills for the development of the<br />country of origin.<br />Example: <br />CIM supported the return and investment of a Ghanaian expert in <br />waste management. <br />He set up waste management facilities and successfully implemented latest technologies to prevent ecological pollution.<br />Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  24. 24. Diaspora lobbies in the country of origin<br />Migrants‘ organisations…<br /><ul><li>…facilitateeconomicrelations
  25. 25. …brokertradeandinvestmentrelations
  26. 26. …representinterestof countries oforigin</li></ul>GTZ …<br /><ul><li>…links theseactivitiestoeconomicdevelopmentprogrammes</li></ul> in the countries of origin<br /><ul><li>…offerstraining,
  27. 27. …initiatespublic-private dialogue</li></ul>Example: <br /><ul><li>Club des Amis d‘Allemagneengages in promoting bilateral economicrelationsbetweenCameroonand Germany</li></ul>Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  28. 28. 3. Implications for policy-makingIdentified obstacles regarding remittances (Orozco)<br /><ul><li>Only in some countries MTO cancarry out international moneytransfer
  29. 29. Limits on andrequirementsformoneytransfer hinder migrants‘ investments
  30. 30. Problems in openingforeigncurrencyaccounts, easierforresidents, thanfor non-residents</li></ul> Need to improve business and investment climate in<br /> general.<br />Take into account migrants’ special needs regarding <br /> the use of remittances. <br />Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />06/29/2009<br />
  31. 31. Implications for policy-making<br />requires: <br />Systematic and coordinated approach between countries of origin and residence<br />Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ<br />10/23/2009<br />
  32. 32. Regina Bauerochse Barbosa<br />Thank you.<br />Contact:<br /><br /><br />10/23/2009<br />