Africa offers more opportunity

  • 8,869 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
8,869
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. “Africa offers more opportunity
    than any place in the world.”
    (Stephen Hayes)
    Private sectordevelopment
    throughmigration
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa
    GTZ Sector Project Migration and Development
    Tunis, 10/23/2009
  • 2. Facts about AfricaOpportunities.
    “In a survey by “Africa Recruit “among African migrants in Europe, 33% of remittances senders confirmed their plans to invest in Africa or to engage in an African enterprise.
    Remittance flows to and within Africa approach $40 billion.
    Since 2006, foreign investment in Africa exceeded foreign aid (40 billion), with over $60 billion in global FDI in 2008.
    “Africa’s profitability is one of the best kept secrets in
    today’s world economy.” – Kofi Annan
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 3. Migrants‘ potentialsSectors of action.
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 4. Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    06/29/2009
    Remittances
  • 5. Individual diaspora investmentAENEAS Project in Morocco‘s Region Oriental.
    Objective:createbasicconditionsthat
    mobilizethe potential of migrationforthe
    Region Oriental
    Approach:
    • CreatingcooperationandinformationstructuresbetweeneconomicpartnersandtheMoroccandiaspora
    • 6. Information campaigns, Match-Making etc.
    • 7. Improvingthebusinessandinvestmentclimate
    • 8. Offeringfinancialand non-financialservicesformigrants‘ andlocal SMEs
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 9. Collective investment by DiasporaGTZ Pilot Programme for migrant associations‘ projects.
    Project example:
    Rodentbreedingandorganicfarmingfor
    commercialpurposes in Nigeria
    Objective:
    • enabling 100 womeneach in 5 communitiesto
    get a sustainablelivelihoodbasis
    • erecting a demonstrationfarmfororganicfood
    • 10. migrantstrain 500 women
    Outcomes:
    • Income of 500 familiesraised
    • 11. Improvedfoodaccesssituationofpopulation
    • 12. Enhacedrole of women in theirfamilies
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 13. Migration as trade catalyst
    Econometricanalysis: In Canada, a 10%
    increase in immigrants is associated with a 1%
    increase in Canadian exports to the immigrant's
    home country and a 3% increase in imports.
    Some examples:
    • On average, Ethiopian diaspora investors from Germany invest around €30,000
    • 14. Small and„suitcase“ traderepresentupto 20% of Algerianimportsandupto 50% of trade in someMoroccanregions
    • 15. North Africa: carmarketssuppliedbynetworks of migrantsliving in Italy
    • 16. Majorityof German carpettradeby Hamburg Afghan diaspora
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 17. Contribution of diaspora to tradeECOPIA
    ECOPIA: directed by Ethiopian diaspora members
    from Germany,
    • produces ecological products such as jam, juice
    and soap for the local and German markets.
    • Acts as a consultant and incubator for other small-scale businesses in the area of food and natural cosmetic production in collaboration with University of Bahir Dar
    • 18. providing graduates of the university with training at ECOPIA focusing on food processing and the creation of new food products
    • 19. graduates go back to the region and try to set up a small-scale enterprise, maintainbusinesscontactswith ECOPIA
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 20. Knowledge transfer and Innovation
    • Risingshare of tertiary-educatedmigrants
    • 21. Returningexpertstransfertheirexperience
    • 22. Knowledgetransferthrough transnational
    networks
    “Along with trade and FDI, international migrants
    are another important channel for the transmission of technology and knowledge.”
    „A majorityofforeignstudentswhoearntheirdoctorates in the United States returnhome, bringingwiththem a great deal oftechnologicalandmarketknowledgethatrepresents an importanttechnologicaltransferin favourofthedevelopingcountry“
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 23. Knowledge transfer and Innovation
    CIM (Center for International Migration),
    a joint venture of GTZ and the German
    Federal Employment Agency, runs the
    Returning Experts Programme.
    Objective: To ease return and make maximum
    use of gained skills for the development of the
    country of origin.
    Example:
    CIM supported the return and investment of a Ghanaian expert in
    waste management.
    He set up waste management facilities and successfully implemented latest technologies to prevent ecological pollution.
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 24. Diaspora lobbies in the country of origin
    Migrants‘ organisations…
    • …facilitateeconomicrelations
    • 25. …brokertradeandinvestmentrelations
    • 26. …representinterestof countries oforigin
    GTZ …
    • …links theseactivitiestoeconomicdevelopmentprogrammes
    in the countries of origin
    • …offerstraining,
    • 27. …initiatespublic-private dialogue
    Example:
    • Club des Amis d‘Allemagneengages in promoting bilateral economicrelationsbetweenCameroonand Germany
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 28. 3. Implications for policy-makingIdentified obstacles regarding remittances (Orozco)
    • Only in some countries MTO cancarry out international moneytransfer
    • 29. Limits on andrequirementsformoneytransfer hinder migrants‘ investments
    • 30. Problems in openingforeigncurrencyaccounts, easierforresidents, thanfor non-residents
    Need to improve business and investment climate in
    general.
    Take into account migrants’ special needs regarding
    the use of remittances.
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    06/29/2009
  • 31. Implications for policy-making
    requires:
    Systematic and coordinated approach between countries of origin and residence
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 32. Regina Bauerochse Barbosa
    Thank you.
    Contact:
    Regina.Bauerochse@gtz.de
    www.gtz.de/migrationdevelopment
    10/23/2009