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Africa offers more opportunity

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  • 1. “Africa offers more opportunity
    than any place in the world.”
    (Stephen Hayes)
    Private sectordevelopment
    throughmigration
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa
    GTZ Sector Project Migration and Development
    Tunis, 10/23/2009
  • 2. Facts about AfricaOpportunities.
    “In a survey by “Africa Recruit “among African migrants in Europe, 33% of remittances senders confirmed their plans to invest in Africa or to engage in an African enterprise.
    Remittance flows to and within Africa approach $40 billion.
    Since 2006, foreign investment in Africa exceeded foreign aid (40 billion), with over $60 billion in global FDI in 2008.
    “Africa’s profitability is one of the best kept secrets in
    today’s world economy.” – Kofi Annan
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 3. Migrants‘ potentialsSectors of action.
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 4. Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    06/29/2009
    Remittances
  • 5. Individual diaspora investmentAENEAS Project in Morocco‘s Region Oriental.
    Objective:createbasicconditionsthat
    mobilizethe potential of migrationforthe
    Region Oriental
    Approach:
    • CreatingcooperationandinformationstructuresbetweeneconomicpartnersandtheMoroccandiaspora
    • 6. Information campaigns, Match-Making etc.
    • 7. Improvingthebusinessandinvestmentclimate
    • 8. Offeringfinancialand non-financialservicesformigrants‘ andlocal SMEs
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 9. Collective investment by DiasporaGTZ Pilot Programme for migrant associations‘ projects.
    Project example:
    Rodentbreedingandorganicfarmingfor
    commercialpurposes in Nigeria
    Objective:
    • enabling 100 womeneach in 5 communitiesto
    get a sustainablelivelihoodbasis
    • erecting a demonstrationfarmfororganicfood
    • 10. migrantstrain 500 women
    Outcomes:
    • Income of 500 familiesraised
    • 11. Improvedfoodaccesssituationofpopulation
    • 12. Enhacedrole of women in theirfamilies
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 13. Migration as trade catalyst
    Econometricanalysis: In Canada, a 10%
    increase in immigrants is associated with a 1%
    increase in Canadian exports to the immigrant's
    home country and a 3% increase in imports.
    Some examples:
    • On average, Ethiopian diaspora investors from Germany invest around €30,000
    • 14. Small and„suitcase“ traderepresentupto 20% of Algerianimportsandupto 50% of trade in someMoroccanregions
    • 15. North Africa: carmarketssuppliedbynetworks of migrantsliving in Italy
    • 16. Majorityof German carpettradeby Hamburg Afghan diaspora
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 17. Contribution of diaspora to tradeECOPIA
    ECOPIA: directed by Ethiopian diaspora members
    from Germany,
    • produces ecological products such as jam, juice
    and soap for the local and German markets.
    • Acts as a consultant and incubator for other small-scale businesses in the area of food and natural cosmetic production in collaboration with University of Bahir Dar
    • 18. providing graduates of the university with training at ECOPIA focusing on food processing and the creation of new food products
    • 19. graduates go back to the region and try to set up a small-scale enterprise, maintainbusinesscontactswith ECOPIA
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 20. Knowledge transfer and Innovation
    • Risingshare of tertiary-educatedmigrants
    • 21. Returningexpertstransfertheirexperience
    • 22. Knowledgetransferthrough transnational
    networks
    “Along with trade and FDI, international migrants
    are another important channel for the transmission of technology and knowledge.”
    „A majorityofforeignstudentswhoearntheirdoctorates in the United States returnhome, bringingwiththem a great deal oftechnologicalandmarketknowledgethatrepresents an importanttechnologicaltransferin favourofthedevelopingcountry“
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 23. Knowledge transfer and Innovation
    CIM (Center for International Migration),
    a joint venture of GTZ and the German
    Federal Employment Agency, runs the
    Returning Experts Programme.
    Objective: To ease return and make maximum
    use of gained skills for the development of the
    country of origin.
    Example:
    CIM supported the return and investment of a Ghanaian expert in
    waste management.
    He set up waste management facilities and successfully implemented latest technologies to prevent ecological pollution.
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 24. Diaspora lobbies in the country of origin
    Migrants‘ organisations…
    • …facilitateeconomicrelations
    • 25. …brokertradeandinvestmentrelations
    • 26. …representinterestof countries oforigin
    GTZ …
    • …links theseactivitiestoeconomicdevelopmentprogrammes
    in the countries of origin
    • …offerstraining,
    • 27. …initiatespublic-private dialogue
    Example:
    • Club des Amis d‘Allemagneengages in promoting bilateral economicrelationsbetweenCameroonand Germany
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 28. 3. Implications for policy-makingIdentified obstacles regarding remittances (Orozco)
    • Only in some countries MTO cancarry out international moneytransfer
    • 29. Limits on andrequirementsformoneytransfer hinder migrants‘ investments
    • 30. Problems in openingforeigncurrencyaccounts, easierforresidents, thanfor non-residents
    Need to improve business and investment climate in
    general.
    Take into account migrants’ special needs regarding
    the use of remittances.
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    06/29/2009
  • 31. Implications for policy-making
    requires:
    Systematic and coordinated approach between countries of origin and residence
    Regina Bauerochse Barbosa, GTZ
    10/23/2009
  • 32. Regina Bauerochse Barbosa
    Thank you.
    Contact:
    Regina.Bauerochse@gtz.de
    www.gtz.de/migrationdevelopment
    10/23/2009