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REDD Plus and Indigenous Peoples: Opportunities and Risks IFAD, 25 June 2010 Victoria Tauli-Corpuz Member, UN Permanent Fo...
International concept <ul><li>OUTLINE: </li></ul><ul><li>1. History of REDD Plus  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Indigenous Peoples'...
International concept <ul><li>Deforestation and forest degradation account for 13-17% of annual global greenhouse gas emis...
http://blog.conservation.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/400_Global_GHG_Emissions.gif
<ul><li>The UN Food and Agriculture Organization tables on changes in forested land by country:  www.fao.org/forestry/site...
History (inside UNFCCC) <ul><li>1997/2001  KP addresses only A/R in CDM, AD too controversial at the time </li></ul><ul><l...
History (outside UNFCCC) <ul><li>2005  CfRN (led by Costa Rica and PNG) introduces proposal to include land use and forest...
History (outside UNFCCC) <ul><li>2005  CfRN (led by Costa Rica and PNG) introduces proposal to include land use and forest...
Objective of REDD Plus <ul><li>Pay compensation to tropical forest countries to stop deforestation and reduce forest degra...
Approaches and risks <ul><li>RED/REDD </li></ul><ul><li>narrow focus on forest carbon stocks </li></ul><ul><li>REDD-plus <...
Approaches and risks “ enhancement of forest carbon stocks” could result in conversion of land (including forests) to indu...
Approaches and risks <ul><li>-exclusion from decision-making due to centralized , top-down forest management </li></ul><ul...
Global Canopy Project, Little REDD+ Book, 2008
REDD+ mechanism design Leakage (national and international) Permanence Geographical scale of REDD+ accounting Baseline set...
<ul><li>Opportunities: </li></ul><ul><li>engagement with REDD Plus processes to influence the design and architecture at g...
International concept <ul><li>Gains: </li></ul><ul><li>Language in the UNFCCC Negotiated Texts which contain references to...
International concept <ul><li>Gains: </li></ul><ul><li>Language in the UNFCCC Negotiated Texts which contain references to...
International concept <ul><li>d) full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, in particular, indigenous peop...
 
Imugan, Nueva Viscaya, Philippines Exchange Visit on Traditional Forest Management and Carbon Stock Calculation,  January ...
Loita Naimina Enkiyio Forest (Traditionally Managed by Loita Maasai People) Loita Division, Kenya and Tanzania Border
After a Focused Group discussion with the  Loita Council of Elders on Traditional Forest Management February 2010
“ Dahas” (Traditionally Managed Forest)   Tanjung, Ketapang, Indonesia Visit, November 2009
Nursery for reforestation project of Cerra Miramar (with Waldo, President of Tasba Pri Territorial Assembly)
<ul><li>5.  Road Ahead </li></ul><ul><li>Continue engagement with UNFCCC climate change talks and COPs (Cancun and beyond)...
<ul><li>Email:  [email_address]  or  [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Websites:  www.tebtebba.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.i...
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REDD Plus and Indigenous Peoples: Opportunities and Risks

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  • 1997/2001: unresolved governance and methodological issues - leakage, permanence, baseline setting and additionality
  • Stern Report - identifies AD as cheap policy option for reducing global GHG emissions UN-REDD Programme supports nationally-led REDD+ processes WB FCPF builds capacity in developing countries for REDD+ Eliasch Review - provides analysis of international financing options to half D by 2020 and zero by 2030 Paris-Oslo Process – aims to generate more funding for REDD+
  • Stern Report - identifies AD as cheap policy option for reducing global GHG emissions UN-REDD Programme supports nationally-led REDD+ processes WB FCPF builds capacity in developing countries for REDD+ Eliasch Review - provides analysis of international financing options to half D by 2020 and zero by 2030 Paris-Oslo Process – aims to generate more funding for REDD+
  • Stern Report - identifies AD as cheap policy option for reducing global GHG emissions UN-REDD Programme supports nationally-led REDD+ processes WB FCPF builds capacity in developing countries for REDD+ Eliasch Review - provides analysis of international financing options to half D by 2020 and zero by 2030 Paris-Oslo Process – aims to generate more funding for REDD+
  • Stern Report - identifies AD as cheap policy option for reducing global GHG emissions UN-REDD Programme supports nationally-led REDD+ processes WB FCPF builds capacity in developing countries for REDD+ Eliasch Review - provides analysis of international financing options to half D by 2020 and zero by 2030 Paris-Oslo Process – aims to generate more funding for REDD+
  • Stern Report - identifies AD as cheap policy option for reducing global GHG emissions UN-REDD Programme supports nationally-led REDD+ processes WB FCPF builds capacity in developing countries for REDD+ Eliasch Review - provides analysis of international financing options to half D by 2020 and zero by 2030 Paris-Oslo Process – aims to generate more funding for REDD+
  • Stern Report - identifies AD as cheap policy option for reducing global GHG emissions UN-REDD Programme supports nationally-led REDD+ processes WB FCPF builds capacity in developing countries for REDD+ Eliasch Review - provides analysis of international financing options to half D by 2020 and zero by 2030 Paris-Oslo Process – aims to generate more funding for REDD+
  • Transcript of "REDD Plus and Indigenous Peoples: Opportunities and Risks"

    1. 1. REDD Plus and Indigenous Peoples: Opportunities and Risks IFAD, 25 June 2010 Victoria Tauli-Corpuz Member, UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues Executive Director, Tebtebba Tebtebba Indigenous Peoples’ International Centre for Policy Research and Education
    2. 2. International concept <ul><li>OUTLINE: </li></ul><ul><li>1. History of REDD Plus </li></ul><ul><li>2. Indigenous Peoples' Engagement </li></ul><ul><li>3. Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>4. Risks </li></ul><ul><li>5. Road ahead </li></ul>
    3. 3. International concept <ul><li>Deforestation and forest degradation account for 13-17% of annual global greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>It is not addressed by the Kyoto Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation is occurring mainly in tropical forest countries which are all non-Annex I countries </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers are multiple and diverse </li></ul>
    4. 4. http://blog.conservation.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/400_Global_GHG_Emissions.gif
    5. 5. <ul><li>The UN Food and Agriculture Organization tables on changes in forested land by country: www.fao.org/forestry/site/32033/en/ </li></ul>The UN Food and Agriculture Organization tables on changes in forested land by country: www.fao.org/forestry/site/32033/en/
    6. 6. History (inside UNFCCC) <ul><li>1997/2001 KP addresses only A/R in CDM, AD too controversial at the time </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Bali Action Plan takes up idea of creating incentives to keep forests intact by making trees standing more valuable than felled (REDD) </li></ul><ul><li>2009 CA:3 B USD funding of REDD-plus </li></ul><ul><li>2010 SBSTA-32 identifies governance challenges (safeguards; demonstration activities; policies to tackle drivers; MRV; steps for readiness phase; methodological guidance; credible reference levels; coordination among institutions; etc.) </li></ul>
    7. 7. History (outside UNFCCC) <ul><li>2005 CfRN (led by Costa Rica and PNG) introduces proposal to include land use and forestry in climate regime </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Stern Report </li></ul><ul><li>2007 First Forest Day at COP-13, Bali </li></ul><ul><li>2008 UN-REDD Programme and WB Forest Carbon Partnership Facility </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Eliasch Review </li></ul><ul><li>2010 Paris-Oslo Process </li></ul>
    8. 8. History (outside UNFCCC) <ul><li>2005 CfRN (led by Costa Rica and PNG) introduces proposal to include land use and forestry in climate regime </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Stern Report </li></ul><ul><li>2007 First Forest Day at COP-13 </li></ul><ul><li>2008 UN-REDD Programme and WB Forest Carbon Partnership Facility </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Eliasch Review </li></ul><ul><li>2010 Paris-Oslo Process </li></ul>
    9. 9. Objective of REDD Plus <ul><li>Pay compensation to tropical forest countries to stop deforestation and reduce forest degradation to contribute to reduction of CO2 emissions and removals or sequestration of CO2. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Approaches and risks <ul><li>RED/REDD </li></ul><ul><li>narrow focus on forest carbon stocks </li></ul><ul><li>REDD-plus </li></ul><ul><li>“ conservation” – risk of evictions and loss of rights for indigenous peoples and local communities </li></ul><ul><li>“ sustainable management of forests” could include subsidies to commercial logging operations </li></ul>
    11. 11. Approaches and risks “ enhancement of forest carbon stocks” could result in conversion of land (including forests) to industrial tree plantations, with serious implications for biodiversity, forests and local communities
    12. 12. Approaches and risks <ul><li>-exclusion from decision-making due to centralized , top-down forest management </li></ul><ul><li>Renewed state control over forests </li></ul><ul><li>Violations of rights over forests and forest resources, free, prior and informed consent </li></ul><ul><li>Land speculation, land grabs </li></ul><ul><li>- Perverse incentives </li></ul>
    13. 13. Global Canopy Project, Little REDD+ Book, 2008
    14. 14. REDD+ mechanism design Leakage (national and international) Permanence Geographical scale of REDD+ accounting Baseline setting, emissions reference levels Safeguards (environmental and social) Country level Monitoring, Reporting, Verification (MRV) Good governance (transparency, accountability, inclusiveness) Fair distribution of benefits
    15. 15. <ul><li>Opportunities: </li></ul><ul><li>engagement with REDD Plus processes to influence the design and architecture at global and national levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Push for needed policy reforms on forests, forest governance and indigenous peoples' rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable sharing of benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of indigenous peoples' knowledge systems and practices on forest management. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of safeguard policies </li></ul>
    16. 16. International concept <ul><li>Gains: </li></ul><ul><li>Language in the UNFCCC Negotiated Texts which contain references to IP rights. </li></ul><ul><li>REDD Plus Text (FCCC/AWGLCA/2009/17) </li></ul><ul><li>Para 2(c) Respect for the knowledge and rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, by taking into account relevant international obligations,..and noting that the UN General Assembly adopted the UNDRIP. </li></ul>
    17. 17. International concept <ul><li>Gains: </li></ul><ul><li>Language in the UNFCCC Negotiated Texts which contain references to IP rights. </li></ul><ul><li>REDD Plus Text (FCCC/AWGLCA/2009/17) </li></ul><ul><li>Para 2(c) Respect for the knowledge and rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, by taking into account relevant international obligations,..and noting that the UN General Assembly adopted the UNDRIP. </li></ul>
    18. 18. International concept <ul><li>d) full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, in particular, indigenous peoples </li></ul><ul><li>and local communities. </li></ul><ul><li>SBSTA (Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice) Decision in COP 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizing the need for full and effective engagement of indigenous peoples and local communities in, and the potential contribution of their knowledge in monitoring and reporting of REDD Plus. </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete work on the ground with partners </li></ul>
    19. 20. Imugan, Nueva Viscaya, Philippines Exchange Visit on Traditional Forest Management and Carbon Stock Calculation, January 2010
    20. 21. Loita Naimina Enkiyio Forest (Traditionally Managed by Loita Maasai People) Loita Division, Kenya and Tanzania Border
    21. 22. After a Focused Group discussion with the Loita Council of Elders on Traditional Forest Management February 2010
    22. 23. “ Dahas” (Traditionally Managed Forest) Tanjung, Ketapang, Indonesia Visit, November 2009
    23. 24. Nursery for reforestation project of Cerra Miramar (with Waldo, President of Tasba Pri Territorial Assembly)
    24. 25. <ul><li>5. Road Ahead </li></ul><ul><li>Continue engagement with UNFCCC climate change talks and COPs (Cancun and beyond) to protect gains and push for more) </li></ul><ul><li>Development of REDD framework and design at national levels </li></ul><ul><li>Rio Plus 20 Preparatory Meetings and Conference on 2012 </li></ul>
    25. 26. <ul><li>Email: [email_address] or [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Websites: www.tebtebba.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.indigenousclimate.org </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU! </li></ul><ul><li>DAKKEL AY IYAMAN! </li></ul>
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