IFAD and forests – meanings and practices

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  • 1. IFAD and forests – meanings and practices Jesús Quintana Program Manager Environment and Climate Division, IFAD
  • 2.
    • Multiple meanings of forests
    • Physical space - Cover one-third of the terrestrial land surface; provide and guarantee goods and services
    • Social and cultural space - Forests are home to nearly 300 million people – and more than 60 million indigenous peoples are wholly dependent on forests for their livings
    • Productive space - 1.6 billion people, mainly in developing countries, depend on forests for their livelihoods
    • Political space - Tenure security and land issues (land grabbing, land ownership), governance, corruption
  • 3.
    • How do we see forests
    • As an opportunity, very often …
    • For poverty alleviation – incomes, employment, food security, energy, housing
    • For social integration – Linking forest-dependent communities and indigenous peoples to mainstream initiatives
    • For innovation – Compensation for environmental services provided/guaranteed; eco-certification; carbon markets
    … and as a challenge, sometimes
    • Environmental degradation
    • Conflict – Biofuels, palm oil, land grabbing …
  • 4.
    • How do we practice forestry
    • Supporting community forestry
    • Working with local communities to better manage forest resources - with ejidos in Southern Mexico
    • Promoting agroforestry
    • Applying the evergreen agriculture approach, as in Niger and other Western and Central Africa countries
    • Compensating for environmental services
    • Providing extra incentives to forest users (Ecuador in collaboration with Socio Bosque, Vietnam also and other)
    • Or simply as a complement to the overall project strategy
    • NTFP, sustainable forest management, etc
  • 5.
    • New meanings for forestry in IFAD
    • Livelihood diversification, and better use of value chains
    • Greening the production and transforming to a low carbon economy
    • More emphasis on the interactions between agriculture and forestry
    • Broad vision of landscape – agroforestry as an especially apt tool to bridge the (artificial) divide and ensure co-benefits
    • Helping the poor benefit from environment and climate finance
    • REDD+, PES, climate forest funds
  • 6.
    • How can CIFOR help?