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Pn seeds of innovation slides1 Pn seeds of innovation slides1 Presentation Transcript

  • Seeds of Innovation in Near East and North Africa Nadim Khouri (Director) Mylène Kherallah (Regional Economist) Claudio Casadio-Tarabusi (KM Consultant) Near East and North Africa Division, PMD
  • Table of Contents • Refinancing in Armenia, Macedonia, Moldova • Contract Farming for Export in Egypt • Water Harvesting in Sudan • Range Management in Morocco • Rural Microfinance in Syria • Traditional Handicraft Jobs in Tunisia • Farm Privatization in Azerbaijan • Rural Microfinance in Jordan • Reviving Rural Areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina • Rural Microfinance in Gaza and the West Bank • Locating Groundwater in Somalia • Land De-Rocking in Syria • Agricultural Consulting in Macedonia • Natural Gas Supply in Armenia • Farming System Research in Egypt
  • Refinancing in Armenia, Macedonia, Moldova INNOVATION: Loan Delivery Mechanism IFAD Rural 1. Loan Client Application Loan 4. Loan Participating Participating Disbursement Government Government Financial Financial Institution Institution 2. Refinancing Loan Application 3. Refinancing Disbursement Refinancing Refinancing Facility Facility
  • Refinancing in Armenia, Macedonia, Moldova OUTREACH (as of December 2008) Cumulative refinancing Average loan size In-time recovery rate US$ 7.1 m US$ 40,100 98.0% (since 2006) € 11.5 m € 6,300 96.0% (since 2003) US$ 22.6 m US$ 37,950 98.5% (since 2001) Main purpose of loans Legend: 32% Livestock Armenia 63% Livestock Macedonia Moldova 38% Agricultural machinery
  • Refinancing in Armenia, Macedonia, Moldova RESULTS (as of December 2008) Armenia: +26% of sales in two years +63% of workers in dairy industry, +24% in wine industry +168% of revenues in small farm households in first year Macedonia: +19% of workers in first year, +41% of part-time (mainly women) workers +30% of family business income for farmer borrowers in first year Moldova: 2,000 new jobs created from 2001 to 2005 8,500 farmers and 220 large farming enterprises gained access to markets 26,500 rural households benefited from leasing land to larger-scale farmers
  • Contract Farming for Export in Egypt INNOVATION: Support to the Key Role of FMAs Export IFAD Markets Assistance & Training Farmers Farmers Contract Exporter // Exporter Marketing Marketing Processor Processor Association Association Small Farmer
  • Contract Farming for Export in Egypt OUTREACH (as of April 2009) Membership of established Farmers Marketing Associations (FMAs) Tiba 3,765 members El-Bustan 2,575 members Bangar Al Sokar 2,040 members Entelak 1,884 members El-Hamam 1,227 members West Noubaria 947 members
  • Contract Farming for Export in Egypt RESULTS (as of April 2009) Contract b/w FMA and Products Extent Export to sweet peppers, 31 acres Kenana Italy sun-dried tomatoes 15 farmers Kenana, Sekam artichokes 1,943 acres Europe 1,246 acres Heinz sun-dried tomatoes Worldwide 300 farmers El Maghraby table grapes 80 tons Europe 8 acres Almaghrabi raisins Europe 3 farmers apricots 157 tons Hero, Cairo Food Europe peaches 54 tons Radwan Brothers green beans 300 tons Syria 311 acres Arnaut peanuts Switzerland 80 farmers 1,375 acres Agro Food (et al.) organic potatoes Italy 323 farmers
  • Water Harvesting in Sudan INNOVATION: Farmer-led Technological Change Surge in IFAD Productivity Demonstration Demonstration && Dissemination Dissemination FAO Sudan’s Sudan’s Agricultural Agricultural New Water New Water Research Research Harvesting Harvesting Corporation Corporation Technique Technique Small Farmers
  • Water Harvesting in Sudan OUTREACH Farmers who adopted the water harvesting technique (cumulated) 2006 3,229 men 115 women 2005 1,781 men 68 women 2004 432 men 32 women 2003 5 women 30 men
  • Water Harvesting in Sudan RESULTS Average productivity in sorghum production New 872 kg/acre technique Traditional 80 kg/acre technique Average area cultivated with sorghum New 2.6 acres technique Traditional technique 8.5 acres
  • Range Management in Morocco INNOVATION: Community-Based Approach Improved Rangeland, Guiding principles: Guiding principles: Livestock and • creating tribal-based cooperatives • creating tribal-based cooperatives Livelihoods • empowering cooperatives • empowering cooperatives • requiring members to buy “social shares” • requiring members to buy “social shares” • promoting pastoralists’ mobility • promoting pastoralists’ mobility • promoting consensual decision-making • promoting consensual decision-making Moroccan IFAD Government AfDB
  • Range Management in Morocco OUTREACH Project achievement rates (% of target) Soil conservation 208% Fuel woods 96% Dune fixation 95% Shrub planting 84% Deferred grazing 61% Scarifying 24% Reseeding 10%
  • Range Management in Morocco RESULTS Increase in dry matter in the project area Post- 800 kg/ha project Pre- 150 kg/ha project Improved livestock: +10% in the fertility and -66% in the mortality rate of ewes Improved access to water: -48% in the average distance from watering points
  • Rural Microfinance in Syria INNOVATION: “Sanduq” (Saving Box) IFAD UNDP Small Business Creation Principles of the Sanduq approach: Principles of the Sanduq approach: • cultural, organizational, financial self-reliance • cultural, organizational, financial self-reliance • autonomy in decision-making • autonomy in decision-making • sustainability • sustainability • outreach to the poor • outreach to the poor
  • Rural Microfinance in Syria OUTREACH (as of December 2008) Number of sanadiq established Jebel al-Hoss 30 Idleb 20 Membership: 4,000 men and women Number of loans: 1,400 Average loan size: US$ 566 Repayment rate: 100%
  • Rural Microfinance in Syria RESULTS Women: • represent 41% of sanadiq members • hold 40% of sanadiq share capital • represent 33% of sanadiq borrowers • account for 29% of sanadiq outstanding loans Access to finance has allowed women to establish their own business, such as: • fattening sheep • raising cows • opening small shops • renting land to plant cash crops
  • Traditional Handicraft Jobs in Tunisia INNOVATION: Reviving “Al margoum” (Embroidery) Tunisian Solidarity Tunisian Solidarity New Small Bank Bank Enterprises Loan Fund for Fund for Advancement of Advancement of Women Women Traditional Traditional Loan Receiving Receiving Industries and Small Industries and Small Work Cards Work Cards Enterprises Enterprises IFAD 11-month 11-month Training Training Programme Programme OFID
  • Traditional Handicraft Jobs in Tunisia RESULTS Jobs created: • 39 young women established their own home-based small enterprises • 20 young women were employed in a needlework centre • 3 young men and 1 young woman were trained as tourist guides Other young people: • established a rest house and restaurant for tourists • established a shop to sell the Al margoum products
  • Traditional Handicraft Jobs in Tunisia MARKETING SUPPORT The project team: • trained young women in product design so that they could diversify their production offerings • helped women participate in the Al-Karm Fair in Tunis • entered into partnership with the local municipality to establish a market for traditional industries • improved the roads to Guermassa to facilitate tourism • arranged for Guermassa to be listed in the tourist guide • established a quality mark for original Al margoum products • launched an internet site about Guermassa
  • Farm Privatization in Azerbaijan INNOVATION: Land + Services IFAD IDA Surge in Productivity Farm privatization and support services: Farm privatization and support services: • land registration • land registration • farm information and advisory services • farm information and advisory services • support to water users’ associations • support to water users’ associations • rural credit • rural credit • rehabilitation of water supply • rehabilitation of water supply • community development programmes • community development programmes
  • Farm Privatization in Azerbaijan OUTREACH Households with land Average land plot size 1997 78.4% 1997 0.2 ha 2003 97% 2003 1.6 ha Households with livestock Average herd size 1997 75.8% 1997 1.9 cows 2003 86.3% 2003 3.2 cows
  • Farm Privatization in Azerbaijan RESULTS Decline in rural poverty 1997 66% 2003 43% Between 1997 and 2003: • 50-100% increase in crop yields • 40% increase in cropping intensity • agriculture absorbed 400,000 new entrants
  • Rural Microfinance in Jordan INNOVATION: Familiarizing Women with Borrowing New Small Enterprises Rural Women Rural Women Entrepreneur Entrepreneur Training IFAD Line of Credit Loan Agriculture Credit Agriculture Credit OFID Loan Corporation Corporation Abu Dhabi Fund Loan Abu Dhabi Fund
  • Rural Microfinance in Jordan RESULTS Increase in annual per capita income 2000 US$ 625 2008 US$ 825 • >800 people received credit to establish microenterprises • 77% of them are still operational and repay loans regularly • 91% of the established microenterprises are led by women • for 38% of the women beneficiaries, rural microenterprises represent the predominant source of income
  • Rural Microfinance in Jordan MARKETING SUPPORT The project team: • helped beneficiaries participate in agricultural fairs and bazaars • carried out training courses for beneficiaries on marketing and production management • helped beneficiaries improve their storage techniques to sell products at higher prices • conducted market research surveys • connected beneficiaries to local markets • encouraged women to set up marketing cooperatives
  • Reviving Rural Areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina INNOVATION: Integrated Package of Activities IFAD OFID Revived Rural Economy Main project activities: Main project activities: • establishment of producers’ associations (PAs) • establishment of producers’ associations (PAs) • training sessions to farmers • training sessions to farmers • credit to buy livestock and develop enterprises • credit to buy livestock and develop enterprises • advice to small private diaries • advice to small private diaries • reconstruction of community infrastructures • reconstruction of community infrastructures • promotion of savings and credit associations • promotion of savings and credit associations
  • Reviving Rural Areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina OUTREACH Members of PAs Milk collected by PAs 2004 981 2004 3 m liters 2008 3,400 2008 9 m liters • 23 producers’ associations and 1 producers’ cooperative were set up • through 9 commercial banks and 2 micro-credit organizations, 3,533 loans were disbursed for an aggregate amount of US$ 15 million
  • Reviving Rural Areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina RESULTS The project: • constructed/rehabilitated 139 community infrastructure micro-projects • benefited 38,600 rural households (140,000 people) The 12 small and medium enterprises that received loans: • created 100 new jobs • provided part-time employment to 500 seasonal workers • provided backward and forward linkages to livestock producers • provided alternative income-generating activities in the rural areas
  • Rural Microfinance in Gaza and the West Bank INNOVATION: Focus on Women + “Village Banks” IFAD New Women-Led Enterprises Savings and Credit Savings and Credit Associations (SCAs) Associations (SCAs) Palestinian Palestinian Agricultural Agricultural Relief Relief Committees Committees
  • Rural Microfinance in Gaza and the West Bank RESULTS (as of December 2008) • 12 women’s SCAs were created and legally registered as savings and credit cooperatives • in 2005, a Union of Cooperative Associations for Savings and Credit was established • the Union represents 176 locations and villages • the Union includes 7,383 members • the Union holds over US$ 2.6 million in savings and shares • the Union’s total portfolio amounts to over US$ 3.1 million • the Union’s credit portfolio has reached over US$ 10.1 million
  • Rural Microfinance in Gaza and the West Bank TRAINING SUPPORT The project team and the Union’s staff: • trained 465 members at 176 locations on administrative and organizational procedures • organized 21 exchange visits in 162 locations with the participation of 1,470 women • trained 320 members at 172 locations on loan management and financial analysis • conducted 24 workshops on finance and bookkeeping • helped develop individual business plans for each SCA • encouraged new ideas and the exchange of know-how
  • Locating Groundwater in Somalia INNOVATION: Advanced Geophysical Surveys New Sources Search of Search of of Clean Water underground water sources underground water sources by means of by means of electrical resistivity techniques electrical resistivity techniques IFAD BSF
  • Locating Groundwater in Somalia TECHNIQUE (example of electrical resistivity profile)
  • Locating Groundwater in Somalia RESULTS • A borehole was dug in the area of Dilla and groundwater actually found and tapped • The Dilla borehole is now a permanent source of clean water that supplies the village and surrounding areas • 7 additional boreholes have been successfully dug by other agencies in other sites that the programme surveyed • Underground water availability in the area has been reassessed • Africa 70 (an Italian NGO) and the UNDP are currently carrying out geophysical surveys before drilling boreholes
  • Land De-Rocking in Syria INNOVATION: Integrated Area Approach Development measures adopted by 5 projects: Development measures adopted by 5 projects: Surge in • removing surface and subsurface rocks • removing surface and subsurface rocks Productivity • supporting adaptive research • supporting adaptive research • strengthening extension services • strengthening extension services • supporting livestock development • supporting livestock development • improving rural water supply • improving rural water supply • providing intensive training to rural women • providing intensive training to rural women • introducing a pest management programme • introducing a pest management programme • designing income-generating activities • designing income-generating activities • supporting adapted credit services • supporting adapted credit services IFAD
  • Land De-Rocking in Syria OUTREACH Areas reclaimed through de-rocking 1997-2006 104,063 ha 170,758 ha 1987-1996 75,958 ha 222,696 ha 1977-1986 116,161 ha 4,813 ha Legend: IFAD projects other projects
  • Land De-Rocking in Syria RESULTS Direct beneficiaries of IFAD-supported de-rocking activities Southern Regional Agricultural Development 29,000 households Project II (1992-2001) Coastal/Midlands Agricultural Development 16,930 households Project (1996-2006) Southern Regional Agricultural Development 16,000 households Project I (1982-1987) Jebel al-Hoss Agricultural Development 5,000 households Project (1995-2006) Idleb Rural Development 802 households Project (2003-2006)
  • Agricultural Consulting in Macedonia INNOVATION: Support to Privately Owned Companies • selection of potential advisors • selection of potential advisors • training on technical and managerial topics • training on technical and managerial topics • involvement in the preparation of Strategic • involvement in the preparation of Strategic Investment Programmes Investment Programmes Market-Oriented • support to mass media production • support to mass media production Consulting • development of privately owned service • development of privately owned service Companies entreprises on a cost-sharing basis with the project entreprises on a cost-sharing basis with the project • phasing out of project support • phasing out of project support Agriculture Agriculture IFAD Investment Centre Investment Centre
  • Agricultural Consulting in Macedonia OUTREACH Company-facilitated finance (May 2008 - June 2009) No. of Target Main Amount Company loans farmer group sector disbursed Neda 122 medium size viticulture € 550,000 Tim 120 small size livestock € 120,000 Kocev 40 medium size viticulture € 160,000 Pro 28 small size beekeeping € 110,000 Plus 12 medium size early vegetable € 55,000 Viva 8 medium size livestock € 33,000 Mc 3 large size early vegetable € 70,000
  • Agricultural Consulting in Macedonia RESULTS Avg. income of advised borrowers Avg. production of advised processors Pre- Pre- loan € 5,166 loan € 460,451 Post- Post- € 691,534 loan € 8,050 loan • 1,323 borrowers were advised by the 8 consulting companies, for a total disbursed loan amount of € 7.4 million • 1,700 new full-time job equivalents were created among loan recipients
  • Natural Gas Supply in Armenia INNOVATION: Cheap Energy in Poor Areas Drop in The mountain areas were connected, The mountain areas were connected, Household via mid-pressure pipes, via mid-pressure pipes, Energy Costs to the high-pressure main pipeline to the high-pressure main pipeline that brings natural gas that brings natural gas from Russia to the highlands of Armenia from Russia to the highlands of Armenia IFAD OFID
  • Natural Gas Supply in Armenia RESULTS Average energy cost per household Pre- project US$ 769 Post- US$ 371 project • The 11 new natural gas networks supply almost 11,000 households (32,500 people) in 28 communities in poor mountain areas
  • Natural Gas Supply in Armenia OTHER BENEFITS • Improved conditions in homes, schools, pre-schools, hospitals and other public institutions • +15% to +20% in crop productivity now that cow dung is available as organic fertilizer • 18 mid-sized trees saved per year by each household using natural gas • increased productivity and competitiveness of rural businesses • new jobs for the construction and maintenance of gas pipelines • increased productivity and competitiveness of rural businesses • increased efficiency of agricultural value chains
  • Farming System Research in Egypt INNOVATION: Holistic Approach Farming System Farming System IFAD Research Unit Research Unit Surge in Productivity Main project elements: Main project elements: • agricultural research • agricultural research • dissemination of research findings through • dissemination of research findings through extension activity extension activity • provision of credit necessary to adopt new • provision of credit necessary to adopt new technologies technologies
  • Farming System Research in Egypt OUTREACH • >600,000 small farmers were direct beneficiaries of the project, and >680,000 were indirect ones • 13 farm models were developed to intensify agricultural production • >80% of farmers adopted new technologies for the most important practices • a set of new technical packages were developed to integrate crops and livestock • 230 farm with 852 animals were supervised • 69 village meetings attended by 4,595 farmers and 79 extension workers were organized • >50% of farmers adopting technical packages received credit
  • Farming System Research in Egypt RESULTS Land productivity: Corn Land productivity: Wheat Improved Improved 24.4 ardab/fed 22.3 ardab/fed hybrid cultivar Traditional 16.2 ardab/fed Traditional 18.7 ardab/fed Land productivity: Onion Land productivity: Garlic Improved Improved 9.2 t/fed cultivar 17.3 t/fed cultivar Traditional 12.7 t/fed Traditional 6.6 t/fed