Sustainability is defined as the continuation of benefits from a development intervention after major development assistance has been completed.
Sustainability is concerned with results, i.e. impact and outcomes rather than activities and delivery mechanisms.
The IFAD Strategic Framework 2007-2010 explicitly identifies the achievement of sustainability as one of the organization’s six principles of engagement for country programmes and projects
Elements of Sustainability
Environmental – productivity conserved/ enhanced
Social – Participatory/Equitable
Economic – Beneficiaries befit from project activities
Institutional – institutions continue to perform support functions
Social Sustainability – Social Mobilisation as means - vs Social mobilisation as an end – NOT SUSTAINABLE
Financial and Fiscal Sustainability- Mixed: Economic activities are expected to provide sustainable economic and financial benefits to participants. However these depend on the quality of social mobilisation . Public infrastructure projects are at risk because of government’s capacity to maintain them effectively
Institutional Sustainability - Absence of exit strategy for post Project arrangement. Time-bound arrangements for implementation vs permanent mainstream institutions as implementing partners
common causes of poor sustainability relate both to design and to implementation
lack of focus on phasing-out/exit strategies
short project implementation periods
Implementation emphasis on activities and delivery rather than on impact and outcomes.
Time bound implementation arrangements and mechanisms
The Way Forward
On the basis of lessons learned to date, IFAD is implementing a number of direct measures to improve the sustainability of its projects and programmes .
Design for sustainability - Sustainability/or exit strategy should be included in design and implemented right from the outset.
move away from time-bound organisations to permanent mainstream institutions as implementing partners
Strengthen implementation support for social mobilisation