IFAD’s Gender and Targeting Webinar Series - Monitoring and impact indicators

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IFAD’s Gender and Targeting Webinar Series - Monitoring and impact indicators …

IFAD’s Gender and Targeting Webinar Series - Monitoring and impact indicators

Follow webcast 17 June, 9.30: http://webcasting.ifad.org/genderwebinar

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  • We tried to increase the importance awarded to non-farming activities, particularly in consideration of the relevance of VCD in IFAD
    PRODUCTION
    1.Input in productive decisions + Autonomy in production
    Eliminated:
    Taking crops to the market (or not)
    Livestock raising
    Your own (singular) wage or salary employment
    Major household expenditures (such as a large appliance for the house like refrigerator)

    LEADERSHIP
    7.Group member
    Less types of groups (G4.05) These were excluded: Mutual help or insurance group (including burial societies) / women’s group;
    8.Speaking in public
    The notion of infrastructure was revised : only productive infrastructure will be considered, such as irrigation schemes, market, infrastructures, roads
     Less types of occasions.
    Excluded: To ensure proper payment of wages for public work or other similar programs? To protest the misbehaviour of authorities or elected officials? To intervene in case of a family dispute?

    TIME
    10.Leisure
    Leisure activities have been slightly modified” . Original ones were: visiting neighbours, watching TV, listening to radio, seeing movies or doing sports
    Additional activities have been added: time used to collect water and fuel for the househols


Transcript

  • 1. IFAD’s Gender and Targeting Webinar Series Purpose of the webinar series Webinar programme 29 April – Livelihoods and gender analysis 20 May – Targeting and gender strategies 17 June – Monitoring and impact indicators 2 July – Gender marker
  • 2. Practical tips on gender-sensitive monitoring and impact indicators Structure I. Indicators in project cycle II. Overview of indicators III. Logframe* IV. Impact indicators* * Opportunity for contributions Links IFAD Asia and Pacific Region e- learning on M&E (to be launched soon) Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook (WB, FAO and IFAD) http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EX TERNAL/TOPICS/EXTARD/EXTGEN AGRLIVSOUBOOK/0,,contentMDK:2 1348334~pagePK:64168427~piPK:64 168435~theSitePK:3817359,00.html Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) http://www.ifpri.org/book- 9075/ourwork/program/weai- resource-center
  • 3. I. Indicators in project cycle
  • 4. Targeting and gender process Rural livelihoods Project design + indicators Gender strategyTargeting strategy Project implementation + M&E Project impact Gender analysisSocio-economic analysis Target group profile
  • 5. II. Overview of indicators Technical change Increased productivity Increased income and/or food access Better life Output Outcome and impact
  • 6. III. Logframe Narrative summary Indicators Means of verification Assumptions/ risks Goal Purpose (development objectives) Outcomes Outputs • Logical results chain? • Address gender and poverty? Disaggregate “people” (e.g. by sex, age, relevant variables). Do indicators consider qualitative as well as quantitative aspects? Beyond “numbers” of women and men. Perceived/felt impact? Changes in attitude? Behaviour? (particularly Outcome/development objective/goal levels) • What measures verify whether project benefits accrue to women and men? • Different types of women and men engaged in, or impacted by the project? • Consider socio-economic, ability, age variables. • Think beyond “economic” benefits to consider benefits related to social relations, labour, time, etc.)?
  • 7. Formulating gender-sensitive indicators • Yes, SMART, but also: • Address diversity - disaggregate by sex, age, socio-economic group, etc. • Is GE, WE being measured? (reference IFAD Policy) • Anchor in agreed conventions, rights (e.g. CEDAW) • Suitable? Consult stakeholders in formulating, choosing indicators • Clarify concepts, definitions • Mix of quantitative and qualitative • Prioritize
  • 8. What do these indicators tell us? 1. 60% of targeted farmers increased adoption of soil and water conservation practices 2. No. and % of women experiencing improved livelihoods 3. # of women and men with increased access to income-earning opportunities over baseline 4. # of households having increased income over baseline • Disaggregate • Dig deeper re: other impacts, unintended results? • Felt/perceived impact? • How does this compare to men? • What more information do we need? • How do women define “improved livelihoods?” • What more do we need to know? • Who is benefiting from those income-earning opportunities? • Is someone reallocating labour? What impacts? • Doesn’t tell us anything about felt impact/benefit within HH • Consider unintended impacts (labour/time?).
  • 9. Tell us more: Participatory GSI identification 1. % men and women reporting meaningful participation of women in household decision-making about income expenditure. 2. % men and women reporting ability of women to effectively control productive assets 3. % men and women with changed attitudes toward women’s control over productive assets. Need clear definitions, participatory identification
  • 10. Sex- versus gender-disaggregated data Women Men Interpretation Opportunities Sex disaggre. 25 women trained 40 men trained Gender disaggre. Of 25 women, 80% headed their own households All men were from married households Women’s attendance increased when training was held in afternoons Men’s attendance was constant All participants were literate All participants were literate Of 25 women, only 20% held leadership positions in community Of 40 men, 75% held leadership positions in community Reduce fee for spouse attendance Provide food and child care facilities Select time of training to suit women’s work schedule Provide literacy classes to increase outreach Increase women’s representation in leadership positions in community decision-making bodies More men attended ‘farming as a business’ entrepreneurship training than women. Married women were less able to attend training than their husbands or women heading their own households. Reasons: burden of household duties; perception that entrepreneurship training is more relevant to men (a view held by both men and women in MHHs); a reluctance to pay fees for wives to attend. Women were occupied during the morning with household duties (e.g. child care and food preparation); men had fewer constraints on their time. Low literacy rates among women in community hindered illiterates from participating. Male-dominated leadership meant that women’s considerations regarding timing and selection of training venue received little attention.
  • 11. IV. Impact indicators: WEAI Five domains of empowerment (90% of index) Women’s empowerment in five dimensions Gender parity index (10%) Women’s achievement’s relative to the primary male in hh Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) Index range from zero to one: higher values = greater empowermentIdentifies HOW women are/ aren't empowered -can support project design Identifies WHO is empowered: relative/relational empowerment of women within HH WEAI measures absolute and relative levels of women’s empowerment Link to IFPRI/USAID/OPHI website
  • 12. IFAD questionnaire – what changes? 5 dimensions of empowerment Indicators Weight Links to objectives of IFAD Policy on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment PRODUCTION 1.Input in productive decisions 1/10 2.Autonomy in production 1/10 RESOURCES 3.Ownership of asset 1/15 4.Purchase, sale, or transfer of assets 1/15 5.Access to and decisions on credit 1/15 INCOME 6.Control over use of income 1/5 LEADERSHIP 7.Group member 1/10 8.Speaking in public 1/10 TIME 9.Workload 1/10 10.Leisure 1/10 Economic empowerment Decision-making and representation Equitable workload balance
  • 13. A woman who achieved the standard of "adequate" with 80% or more of weighted indicators – Lillian is empowered Example – Lilian in Uganda
  • 14. How to conduct the questionnaire 1. Gender questionnaire conducted after RIMS questionnaire in the same household 2. Information is collected at individual level (rather than household level) interviewing separately primary man and woman within same household 3. Define a household: monogamous, polygamous, etc.
  • 15. V. Conclusion Webinar programme 29 April – Livelihoods and gender analysis 20 May – Targeting and gender strategies 17 June – Monitoring and impact indicators 2 July – Gender marker Recap I. Indicators in project cycle II. Overview of indicators III. Logframe IV. Impact indicators