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FAO's Assistant DG Sustainability Alexander Muller presentation at World Agriculture Watch WAW session of IFAD Farmers' Forum 2012

FAO's Assistant DG Sustainability Alexander Muller presentation at World Agriculture Watch WAW session of IFAD Farmers' Forum 2012

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Ifadp farmers forumam Ifadp farmers forumam Presentation Transcript

  • World Agriculture Watch Understandingstructural changes in agriculture, informing policy dialogue Farmers’ Forum 23. Feb. 2012 IFAD Alexander Müller, FAO WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 1
  • Objectives of the side event• Why WAW?• Inform about WAW and other initiatives involving Farmers’ organizations• How WAW could better serve farmers, agricultural policy makers? WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 2
  • Organization 16:30 Presentation of WAW • A. Müller, FAO • P. Caron, CIRAD 17:00 Panel presentations of ongoing initiatives involving Farmers’ organizations • ROPPA • AFA • COPROFAM • C. Seré, IFAD 17:40 Open Discussions 18:20 Synthesis and conclusion WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 3
  • AG transformations: The Context• Wide diversity of agricultural systems with predominance of small holders and family farms• Long-term ‘structural’ changes visible at farm level: size of holding, labor and inputs use, market and investment access, investment , non agricultural income etc.• Differing implications - local to global: • Food & nutrition security; • Economic growth; Employment; cultural changes and Heritage values • Natural resources (Land and water, BioDiversity, GHG) • rd Resilience to changesFebruary 2012 – 23 (CC adaptation, ..) 4
  • Agricultural transformation is a GLOBAL phenomenon with local consequences social, economic and environmental 5
  • Agricultural Transformation ‘Ghout’ system •Small, 0.5ha basins, dug to GWL ‘Modern’ practice •Low maintenance, •Irrigation •Adapted to desertification •Large fields •Family production – subsistence •Commercial oriented production •Preserves agro-biodiversity Implications? •Incomes •Water availability •Customary rights &El Oued, managementALGERIA •etc World Agriculture Watch – December 2011 6
  • Agricultural Transformation ‘Ghout’ system •Small, 0.5ha basins, dug to GWL ‘Modern’ practice •Low maintenance, •Irrigation •Adapted to desertification •Large fields •Family production – subsistence •Commercial oriented production •Preserves agro-biodiversity Implications? El Oued, ALGERIAWorld Agriculture Watch – December 2011 7
  • Agricultural Transformation Agribusiness production•Higher input levels•Larger fields•Commercial orientedproduction Family farming •Lower input levels Implications? •Smaller fields •Employment •Some commercial production •Environment •Food security & nutrition •etc Thika, KENYA 8 World Agriculture Watch – December 2011
  • Agricultural Transformation Decreasing number of farms, especially small farms Implications? •Employment •Environment •Territorial development •etc FRANCE World Agriculture Watch – December 2011 9
  • Why we need to know more about Agricultural Transformations WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 10
  • Why we need to know more about Agricultural Transformations1. Important implications for development goals – local to global • Food security - MDG1, WFS including poverty and employment • Environmental integrity – MDG7 WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 11
  • Why we need to know more about Agricultural Transformations1. Important implications for development goals – local to global • Food security - MDG1, WFS including poverty and employment • Environmental integrity – MDG72. Polarized policy debates but complex and context-specific situations WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 12
  • Why we need to know more about Agricultural Transformations1. Important implications for development goals – local to global • Food security - MDG1, WFS including poverty and employment • Environmental integrity – MDG72. Polarized policy debates but complex and context-specific situations3. Insufficient knowledge and capacities of stakeholders to Inform policy dialogue WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 13
  • Objectives of WAW1. To understand the diversity of agricultural systems, structural changes and assess socio-economic and environmental implications2. To improve multi-stakeholder planning and policy formulation related to agricultural transformation at local and international levels WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 14
  • WAW Outputs: International1. A common framework to be used (after adaptation to local needs) by local observation units and partners to assess transformations through performances and evolutions of types of “farms”: • Livelihoods Approach ; Socio-economic and environmental indicators; • Scale: Production units to district level, markets, food systems • People centered; gender-sensitive; Local knowledge2. Identify and characterize “hot spots” of transformations • Could include areas under large scale investments and systems at risks3. World wide information platform • Information exchange; • Building common knowledge, • Comparative analyses WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 15
  • WAW Outputs at National level with a few supported “Local WAW”1. Strengthen Coordination • Build on existing institutions and information networks2. Capacity development to support policy dialogue on transformations and their implications3. Improved access to information products for different stakeholder needs: • Assessment reports • Policy options • Forecasts of possible crises • etc. WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 16
  • WAW: Key features1. Focus on diversity & structural changes in agriculture for small to large scale systems, from farm to markets2. Local observations3. A common framework with socio-eco and environmental dimensions4. Innovative inclusive approach, improving stakeholders’capacity including Farmers, to influence policy and planning processes linked to transformations WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 17
  • WAW and Farmers’ organizations Context• Important role of farmers’ organizations to improve policy effectiveness, notably to voice specific concerns and interests• Calls of FO to better understand and recognize specific concerns of family agriculture International Year of Family Farming• New forms of collaboration involving Farmers’ organizations needed to generate knowledge to inform policy 18
  • WAW and Farmers’organizations Possible roles of FO• Multistakeholders’ involvement at different levels: – Governance: influence what to observe and which indicators – Use of Farmers’ knowledge – Participation in the collective analysis and multi- stakeholders dialogue to elaborate policy options – Synergies with existing observation systems led by Farmers’ organizations WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 19
  • WAW and Farmers’organizations Benefits expected• Strengthened capacity to contribute to policy making process through: • Better awareness of performances of types of farms, agricultural transformations, their impacts and possible policy options • Reinforced capacities to generate knowledge on agricultural transformations (Training, tools and peer- to-peer exchanges) • Participation to a forum for dialogue with different stakeholders on agricultural transformations WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 20
  • Next steps1.Follow-up action needed by participants -- e.g. interest/commitments etc.2.Stakeholders and experts meeting in March/ April 2012 • To refine the scope and method • Consolidate governance and alliance3.Selected pilot assessments in different regions of the world WAW at Farmers’ Forum – 23rd February 2012 21
  • World Agriculture WatchTHANK YOU World Agriculture Watch – 25 November 2011 22