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What is the multidimensional poverty assessment tool

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  • 1. The Multidimensional Poverty AssessmentTool: An introduction Alasdair Cohen MPAT Project Manager MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome
  • 2. Presentation overview MPAT  What it is  How it works  How we built & evaluated it  How to implement MPAT  How to use the MPAT Excel Spreadsheet  Quick introduction to the 2014 User’s Guide MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 2
  • 3. What it is  A survey-based, thematic, indicator  A method for collecting and organizing rural people’s perceptions MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome #Theme # # # # # # Composite vs Thematic indicators 3
  • 4. What it is  Assess ten core dimensions of rural life, livelihoods, and wellbeing*  Is an enabling environment in place? MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome *For more information see: Cohen, A. (2010).The Multidimensional PovertyAssessment Tool:A New Framework for Measuring Rural Poverty. Development in Practice, 20, 887-897. 4
  • 5. What it is  A collection of composite indicators presented together MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 5
  • 6. How MPAT works MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome  Use surveys to collect data about people’s perceptions 6
  • 7. How MPAT works MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome The Household Survey  Administered in an interview format (~35 minutes)  Easy to complete  Range of responses already coded  Formatted for easy quality control & data entry And Village-level Survey 7
  • 8. How MPAT works MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome  Survey data is transformed to 1- 10 scale (valuation)  Indicators are used to organize these data (weighting)  Subcomponents combined into components (now at a 10-100 scale) 8
  • 9. How MPAT works MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 9
  • 10. How we built it  Custom-designed from the bottom up (2007-2009)  Based on input from international experts* See 2009 MPAT Book and 2014 User’s Guide for acknowledgements Beijing (2008) New Delhi (2009) Rome (2009) MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome *For more information see: Cohen & Saisana (2014). Quantifying the qualitative: Eliciting expert input to develop the Multidimensional PovertyAssessment Tool. Journal of Development Studies. 1, 35-5010
  • 11. How we built it  Multiple rounds of testing & refinement (2008-2009) MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 11
  • 12. How we built it  Beta version released early 2010 MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 12
  • 13. How we built it  Training projects to use the beta version (2012-2013) Bangladesh (2012) Mozambique (2013) Additional improvements made to the tool and training programs MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 13
  • 14. How we built it  Feedback from non-IFAD users also incorporated, for example: Kenya (2011 & 2013) India (2011) China (2013) MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome Nuru International (NGO) Indian Institute of Technology Chinese CDC (MoH) 14
  • 15. How we evaluated it  Independent evaluation  European Commission JRC  Peer-reviewed journal papers  Journal of Development Studies  Development in Practice  2014 User’s Guide peer review  Wageningen University MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 15
  • 16. How to implement MPAT  Simple sampling approach (16-30 villages, 30 households per village)  Field-tested training program for enumerators MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 16
  • 17. How to implement MPAT  Extensive focus on quality control & data entry MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 17
  • 18. How to implement MPAT  Excel Spreadsheet automatically calculates indicators/results MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 18
  • 19. Using the MPAT Excel Spreadsheet  Intentionally used Excel as the platform (accessible & simple)  Spreadsheet “does the math” for the user (in a transparent way) MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 19
  • 20. Using the MPAT Excel Spreadsheet  Automatically calculates results for each household MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 20 For subcomponents For components
  • 21. Using the MPAT Excel Spreadsheet  Automatically calculates results for each village (and entire project) MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 21
  • 22. Using the MPAT Excel Spreadsheet Break for real-time tour of the 2014 MPAT Excel Spreadsheet… MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 22
  • 23. A quick look at some results  Looking behind the component scores in rural Kenya MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome Data courtesy of Nuru International 23
  • 24. Quick introduction to the User’s Guide  Comprehensive, step-by- step instructions for all stages  Detailed lesson plans for:  Enumerator training  Supervisor training  Data entry training  Guidance on use for M&E, results analysis, customizing MPAT… …and much more MPAT: An Introduction | Alasdair Cohen | MPAT Launch Event - April 3, 2014 - IFAD Headquarters, Rome 24