ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Making a difference IFAD in PR China South – South Cooperation 23 September 2009 Beijing, PR China Th...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Rural poverty in China <ul><li>China achieved an unparalleled success in poverty reduction  </li></ul>...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Government Initiatives for Poverty Reduction and Development <ul><li>Household Responsibility System (...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Government Strategies for Rural Poverty Reduction <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity bu...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Social Situation <ul><li>Population growth kept currently at 0.7 % </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy g...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Macro-Economic Situation <ul><li>Unparalleled and continued economic growth since 1978 </li></ul><ul><...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Rural Poverty in China <ul><li>99 % China’s poor live in rural areas  </li></ul><ul><li>Most of rural ...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Poverty and Challenges - Slow down in poverty reduction - Continued vulnerability - Inequalities (GINI...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC IFAD in China <ul><li>Since 1981, IFAD has provided 23 loans for rural development projects. </li></ul...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC IFAD in China
Integrated rural development projects <ul><li>Agricultural development </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Rural poverty in China
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Results & Impact of GOC-IFAD funded projects by 2006 : ca. 15 million people were lifted out of povert...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC IFAD –  COSOP (since 2005) <ul><li>Focus on ACCESS and INNOVATION  in six strategic areas:  </li></ul>...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Elements of project design  <ul><ul><li>COSOP aligned with government priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Elements of project design  <ul><ul><li>Scouting for innovations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support to...
ASI AND THE PACIFIC Project Implementation <ul><li>China based in-country team: </li></ul><ul><li>- Training on logframe, ...
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Ifad In China Seminar South South 2009

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  • With the strong reduction in poverty, a shift in the approach to tackle the remaining poverty was required. Besides, a number of important policies like the support to village schools and health centres made a number of project measures obsolete. 1981 – 2005 area based, integrated rural poverty project to COSOP 2005 – 2010: Focus on innovation and access Modular approach Focus on ACCESS and INNOVATION in six strategic areas: Micro-finance and micro-enterprise development : support to RFSP and pilot projects on reforming RCCs. Organic farming : increase of net return on farm output through product differentiation, quality selection and sales in specialized markets. Marketing: Bring together the private sector with the agricultural extension services, farmers and their associations to ensure better access to markets. Focus on ACCESS and INNOVATION in six strategic areas: Micro-finance and micro-enterprise development : support to RFSP and pilot projects on reforming RCCs. Organic farming : increase of net return on farm output through product differentiation, quality selection and sales in specialized markets. Marketing: Bring together the private sector with the agricultural extension services, farmers and their associations to ensure better access to markets. Gender : support to Women Federation to pilot gender mainstreaming in income generating activities. 5. Technology transfer : (a) to assist the reorganization of a more poverty sensitive extension system; (b) to pilot a need based technology transfer for example through the Technical Envoy System. 6. Sustainable natural resources management : to pilot community based participatory approach in reversing land degradation and to engage in GEF-PRC Partnership on Land Degradation. Strategy design. IFAD will support the adjustment of the government poverty reduction strategy by providing financial support for relevant public and private policy-oriented institutions to conduct evaluations, policy analysis and strategy definition. In this way, the Fund will have the occasion to pursue policy dialogue, advocacy and partnership building at a high level.
  • Ifad In China Seminar South South 2009

    1. 1. ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Making a difference IFAD in PR China South – South Cooperation 23 September 2009 Beijing, PR China Thomas Rath, Country Program Manager, IFAD
    2. 2. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Rural poverty in China <ul><li>China achieved an unparalleled success in poverty reduction </li></ul><ul><li>National poverty line: Down from 65 (1981) to 10% (2004): 652 – 101 million people - national poverty line). </li></ul><ul><li>2007: 43 million people </li></ul><ul><li>World: poverty declined by 500 million people!!! </li></ul>
    3. 3. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Government Initiatives for Poverty Reduction and Development <ul><li>Household Responsibility System (early 1980s) </li></ul><ul><li>Area based National Poverty reduction and Development programs (1986-1993) </li></ul><ul><li>8-7 Poverty Reduction Plan (1994 -2000) </li></ul><ul><li>New Century Poverty Reduction Strategy (2001-2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Western Region development strategy (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Restructuring of poverty alleviation instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the urban & rural social security system </li></ul>
    4. 4. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Government Strategies for Rural Poverty Reduction <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental protection </li></ul><ul><li>Crop / livestock development </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty alleviation loans – microfinance </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise development </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralised planning and implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting: from county targeting to poor village targeting within poor counties, participatory VDP </li></ul>
    5. 5. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Social Situation <ul><li>Population growth kept currently at 0.7 % </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy grew from 61 (in 1970) to 71 yrs (in 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Declining maternal mortality </li></ul><ul><li>High , but unbalanced male/female school enrolment </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired male/female birth rate (i.e. 116.9) </li></ul><ul><li>75% of population has access to safe water (71% in 1990) </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS incidence is increasing </li></ul>
    6. 6. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Macro-Economic Situation <ul><li>Unparalleled and continued economic growth since 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per capita rose from RMB 729 (in 1979) to over RMB 14,000 (in 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from central planning to market oriented economy </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from agriculture to manufacturing & services </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation under control </li></ul><ul><li>Very high foreign exchange reserves </li></ul>
    7. 7. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Rural Poverty in China <ul><li>99 % China’s poor live in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Most of rural poor live in remote, resources-scarce regions of Western and Central China </li></ul><ul><li>Most poor include vulnerable groups that live in remote mountainous rural areas, with high incidence of ethnic minorities </li></ul>
    8. 8. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Poverty and Challenges - Slow down in poverty reduction - Continued vulnerability - Inequalities (GINI at 0.44) - Unbalanced regional growth and disparities in - rural/urban development - Local disparities - Out migration and feminisation of agriculture - Persistent gender inequality ( despite well developed legal framework)
    9. 9. ASI AND THE PACIFIC IFAD in China <ul><li>Since 1981, IFAD has provided 23 loans for rural development projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Total financing volume ca. USD 587 million. </li></ul><ul><li>Current financing: USD 190 million </li></ul><ul><li>9 projects (= 7 loans) </li></ul><ul><li>12 Grants </li></ul>
    10. 10. ASI AND THE PACIFIC IFAD in China
    11. 11. Integrated rural development projects <ul><li>Agricultural development </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Non-farm income generating activities </li></ul><ul><li>Health & education </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Project Management </li></ul>Integrated Rural Development Projects (1981 -2005)
    12. 12. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Rural poverty in China
    13. 13. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Results & Impact of GOC-IFAD funded projects by 2006 : ca. 15 million people were lifted out of poverty Example 1 : West Guangxi PAP: 896 000 people benefited Absolute Poverty fell from 48 – 11% Sharp increase in income, assets and social capital Example 2 : Qingling Mountain Areas PAP: 1.292 million people benefited Absolute poverty reduced from 19 to 7% (Hubei) and 46 to 11% (Hubei) Sharp Increase in income ,assets and social capital
    14. 14. ASI AND THE PACIFIC IFAD – COSOP (since 2005) <ul><li>Focus on ACCESS and INNOVATION in six strategic areas: </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-finance and micro-enterprise development </li></ul><ul><li>Organic and niche product farming and marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Technology transfer : </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable natural resources management </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy design </li></ul>
    15. 15. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Elements of project design <ul><ul><li>COSOP aligned with government priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on domestic project proposal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large counterpart financing (IFAD – GOC: 1:1.2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on access and innovations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modular approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VIG & VDP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on poverty targeting increasingly important – fine tuning of project targeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender mainstreaming - focal point </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Elements of project design <ul><ul><li>Scouting for innovations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support to farmer cooperative for production and marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical envoy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biogas & solar energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greenhouse production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microfinance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VDF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. ASI AND THE PACIFIC Project Implementation <ul><li>China based in-country team: </li></ul><ul><li>- Training on logframe, AWPB, Proc plan, M&E and RIMS </li></ul><ul><li>- Direct supervision occurs 2 times annually </li></ul><ul><li>- Knowledge management </li></ul>
    18. 18. THANK YOU Thank you !

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