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Ifad In China Seminar South South 2009
 

Ifad In China Seminar South South 2009

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  • With the strong reduction in poverty, a shift in the approach to tackle the remaining poverty was required. Besides, a number of important policies like the support to village schools and health centres made a number of project measures obsolete. 1981 – 2005 area based, integrated rural poverty project to COSOP 2005 – 2010: Focus on innovation and access Modular approach Focus on ACCESS and INNOVATION in six strategic areas: Micro-finance and micro-enterprise development : support to RFSP and pilot projects on reforming RCCs. Organic farming : increase of net return on farm output through product differentiation, quality selection and sales in specialized markets. Marketing: Bring together the private sector with the agricultural extension services, farmers and their associations to ensure better access to markets. Focus on ACCESS and INNOVATION in six strategic areas: Micro-finance and micro-enterprise development : support to RFSP and pilot projects on reforming RCCs. Organic farming : increase of net return on farm output through product differentiation, quality selection and sales in specialized markets. Marketing: Bring together the private sector with the agricultural extension services, farmers and their associations to ensure better access to markets. Gender : support to Women Federation to pilot gender mainstreaming in income generating activities. 5. Technology transfer : (a) to assist the reorganization of a more poverty sensitive extension system; (b) to pilot a need based technology transfer for example through the Technical Envoy System. 6. Sustainable natural resources management : to pilot community based participatory approach in reversing land degradation and to engage in GEF-PRC Partnership on Land Degradation. Strategy design. IFAD will support the adjustment of the government poverty reduction strategy by providing financial support for relevant public and private policy-oriented institutions to conduct evaluations, policy analysis and strategy definition. In this way, the Fund will have the occasion to pursue policy dialogue, advocacy and partnership building at a high level.

Ifad In China Seminar South South 2009 Ifad In China Seminar South South 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Making a difference IFAD in PR China South – South Cooperation 23 September 2009 Beijing, PR China Thomas Rath, Country Program Manager, IFAD
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Rural poverty in China
    • China achieved an unparalleled success in poverty reduction
    • National poverty line: Down from 65 (1981) to 10% (2004): 652 – 101 million people - national poverty line).
    • 2007: 43 million people
    • World: poverty declined by 500 million people!!!
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Government Initiatives for Poverty Reduction and Development
    • Household Responsibility System (early 1980s)
    • Area based National Poverty reduction and Development programs (1986-1993)
    • 8-7 Poverty Reduction Plan (1994 -2000)
    • New Century Poverty Reduction Strategy (2001-2010)
    • Western Region development strategy (2000)
    • Restructuring of poverty alleviation instruments
    • Development of the urban & rural social security system
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Government Strategies for Rural Poverty Reduction
    • Infrastructure
    • Capacity building
    • Environmental protection
    • Crop / livestock development
    • Poverty alleviation loans – microfinance
    • Enterprise development
    • Decentralised planning and implementation
    • Strengthening institutions
    • Targeting: from county targeting to poor village targeting within poor counties, participatory VDP
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Social Situation
    • Population growth kept currently at 0.7 %
    • Life expectancy grew from 61 (in 1970) to 71 yrs (in 2002)
    • Declining maternal mortality
    • High , but unbalanced male/female school enrolment
    • Impaired male/female birth rate (i.e. 116.9)
    • 75% of population has access to safe water (71% in 1990)
    • HIV/AIDS incidence is increasing
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Macro-Economic Situation
    • Unparalleled and continued economic growth since 1978
    • GDP per capita rose from RMB 729 (in 1979) to over RMB 14,000 (in 2008)
    • Shift from central planning to market oriented economy
    • Shift from agriculture to manufacturing & services
    • Inflation under control
    • Very high foreign exchange reserves
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Rural Poverty in China
    • 99 % China’s poor live in rural areas
    • Most of rural poor live in remote, resources-scarce regions of Western and Central China
    • Most poor include vulnerable groups that live in remote mountainous rural areas, with high incidence of ethnic minorities
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Poverty and Challenges - Slow down in poverty reduction - Continued vulnerability - Inequalities (GINI at 0.44) - Unbalanced regional growth and disparities in - rural/urban development - Local disparities - Out migration and feminisation of agriculture - Persistent gender inequality ( despite well developed legal framework)
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC IFAD in China
    • Since 1981, IFAD has provided 23 loans for rural development projects.
    • Total financing volume ca. USD 587 million.
    • Current financing: USD 190 million
    • 9 projects (= 7 loans)
    • 12 Grants
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC IFAD in China
  • Integrated rural development projects
    • Agricultural development
    • Infrastructure
    • Non-farm income generating activities
    • Health & education
    • Gender
    • Rural Finance
    • Project Management
    Integrated Rural Development Projects (1981 -2005)
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Rural poverty in China
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Results & Impact of GOC-IFAD funded projects by 2006 : ca. 15 million people were lifted out of poverty Example 1 : West Guangxi PAP: 896 000 people benefited Absolute Poverty fell from 48 – 11% Sharp increase in income, assets and social capital Example 2 : Qingling Mountain Areas PAP: 1.292 million people benefited Absolute poverty reduced from 19 to 7% (Hubei) and 46 to 11% (Hubei) Sharp Increase in income ,assets and social capital
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC IFAD – COSOP (since 2005)
    • Focus on ACCESS and INNOVATION in six strategic areas:
    • Micro-finance and micro-enterprise development
    • Organic and niche product farming and marketing
    • Marketing
    • Gender
    • Technology transfer :
    • Sustainable natural resources management
    • Strategy design
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Elements of project design
      • COSOP aligned with government priorities
      • Based on domestic project proposal
      • Large counterpart financing (IFAD – GOC: 1:1.2)
      • Focus on access and innovations
      • Modular approach
      • VIG & VDP
      • Focus on poverty targeting increasingly important – fine tuning of project targeting
      • Gender mainstreaming - focal point
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Elements of project design
      • Scouting for innovations
      • Support to farmer cooperative for production and marketing
      • Technical envoy
      • Biogas & solar energy
      • Greenhouse production
      • Microfinance
      • VDF
  • ASI AND THE PACIFIC Project Implementation
    • China based in-country team:
    • - Training on logframe, AWPB, Proc plan, M&E and RIMS
    • - Direct supervision occurs 2 times annually
    • - Knowledge management
  • THANK YOU Thank you !