Bangladesh Profile Official Name: Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh Geographically the country is located between 200-34’ and 260-38’ north latitude and between 880-01’ and 920-41’east longitude. Bangladesh lies in the north-eastern part of south Asia and is surrounded by India on all sides except for a smaller border with Myanmar to the far south-east and the Bay of Bengal to the South. The total area of the country is 147,570 sq. km. 3
Bangladesh Profile (contd.) People living in the rural areas are more than 75%. The total population is 160 million. Population density is 993 per sq KM House hold size is 4.4 Population growth rate is 1.34 Per capita income is US$ 821. Per capita GDP is US$ 755. Growth rate is 6.66 Population below poverty line is 31.5%. 4
Bangladesh Profile (contd.) Life expectancy at birth is 67.2 years Agriculture contributes 19.9%, industry contributes 20.6% service sector contributes 59.50% to GDP. Agriculture generates two thirds of total employment. Total arable land is 73%. Education rate is 58.3 (2010) Child mortality rate is 50 per thousand Maternal mortality rate is 194 per 100000 5
Bangladesh Profile (contd.) Bangladesh Generally enjoys a sub-tropical Weather. It has six seasons in a Year: Monsoon, Winter, Summer, Autumn, Spring and Rainy Season Winter (Nov. – February): 7.22-31.11 Celsius Summer (March-June): 36.66-40.55 Celsius Natural Resources: natural gas, arable land, timber, coal 6
Bangladesh Profile (contd.) The largest mangrove forest in the World: Sunderban Total forest area: 16% Major river: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brammaputra of these rivers come through India Two Sea port: Chittagong and Mongla The longest see beach in the world is Cox’s Bazar- More than 147km 8
Bangladesh Agriculture at a GlanceTotal area : 14.845 million hectareForest : 2.599 million hectareCultivable land : 8.44 million hectareCultivable waste : 0.268 million hectareCurrent fellow : 0.469 million hectareCropping intensity : 175.97%Single cropped area : 2.851 million hectareDouble cropped area : 3.984 million hectareTriple cropped area : 0.974 million hectareNet cropped area : 7.809 million hectareContribution of agriculture sector to GDP :23.50%Contribution of crop sector to GDP :13.44% 9 Source: BBS, 2006 and Handbook Agricultural Statistics, MoA
GENESIS & BACKGROUND OF SFDF Started its journey in seventies as an Action Research Project of FAO FAO conducted a survey ‘Asian Survey on Agrarian Reforms and Rural Development (ASARRD) in eight Asian Countries (Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand) in 1974 Commencement of the SFDP-1976 (M/O LGRD & C)
Project ObjectivesThe immediate objective of the project was toincrease production, employment and incomeof the Small Farmers and Landless Labourersthrough the formation of small homogeneousgroup.The ultimate objective was to develop asustainable and replicable institutionalframework for the development of SF & LLthrough utilization of support services ofexisting GOB departments mainly credit fromnationalized banks.
Experimental Period (1976 – 80)Pilot programme was established covering a total of eightvillages of Comilla (BARD), Bogra (RDA) and Mymensingh(BAU). Transition Period (1981 - 90)The project passes dormant period with lessactivity at the field level from 1981-84 due tofinancial and other administrative problems.During 3rd FYP (1985 – 90) Patuakhali and Bargunaincluded in the project along with previous areas.
Expansion Period (From 1991) 2nd phase started in July 1991 for 5 years, following evaluation and recommendation of 1st phase. Seven upazilas of Barisal and Bhola districts were included during the periods with total of 21 upazilas under the project. 3rd phase started in 1996 and ended in 1999 and subsequently it has been extended up to June 2004 as an extended phase.
PROJECT COMPONENTS Formation of Informal Groups (5-10 members) Collateral Free Credit through Banks (JB/KB) Motivation for own Savings through Small Deposits Human Resource Development Motivation for Social Development Activities
TARGET POPULATION & LOCATIONLandless : Cultivable land up to 0.50 acre (0.20 ha)Small Farmers : Household having cultivable land 0.51-1.50 acres (0.20-0.60 ha)Project Location: 30 upazilas of Comilla, Chandpur, Mymensingh, Bogra, Patuakhali, Borguna, Barishal & Bhola Districts
Implementation & ManagementFinancial ManagementThe project was operating under ADP. UNDPprovided technical assistance upto 1991 andUNCDF provided credit fund up to June 1999.GoB –manpower and other operational costs.Credit ManagementUNDP/FAO provided a guarantee fund of Tk.5.00 lakh and by UNCDF of Tk. 190 lakh in 1988.Janata Bank provided credit support since 1976and Krishi Bank from 1995.
PHYSICAL PROGRESS of SFDPNo. of project villages : 1,200No. of groups : 10,000No. of members : 60,000Percentage of Women : 50%Deposit of savings : Tk. 61 millionCredit disbursement : Tk. 740 millionCredit recovery : Tk. 650 millionCredit outstanding : Tk. 160 millionPercentage of Recovery : 90%
ACHIEVEMENTS OF SFDP Increase in income (40%) Generation of own Capital/Savings (Tk. 609.00 Lakh) Investment (Tk. 72.38 million) Loan Recovery (91%) Linkage with Banks Women Development (28,000 poor women) Social Development - Schooling of Children - Family Planning - Health and nutrition Economic Viability of Groups (7,000 graduated members)
MAJOR INCOMEGENERATING ACTIVITIES BY BENEFICIARIES OF SFDP
TASK FORCE FOR FUTURE PROGRAMMING OF SFDP A Task Force was constituted by the RDCD to evaluate the performance of the project and formulate recommendations for future programming of the project in 2003.
TASK FORCE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR A NEW INSTITUTIONAL SET-UP
The Task Force having gone through the findings of various evaluation studies and having made intensive field visits to project areas is convinced about the project and present the facts as follows:1. The SFDP is an effective and viable model for poverty alleviation2. Its specialty lies in the fact that it addresses the problems of the tomorrow’s poor, the small and marginal farmers along with the landless
3. The SFDP has created an organizational structure and institutional culture which could be the basis for a permanent organization2. The SFDP has also created a strong human capital base which can be used effectively for poverty alleviation5. BARD being essentially a Research and Training Institution cannot indefinitely continue to implement SFDP
It is in the above context that the Task Force recommends that SFDP can be converted into a foundation named: SMALL FARMERS DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION (SFDF)
SFDF and Thereafter…… Formed as Foundation in 27 July 2005 (under Company Act 1913, amended in 1994) and started its activity in February 2006. Working Areas: 11 Districts (Comilla, Mymensingh, Bogra, Barishal, Borgona, Patuakhali, Bhola, Chandpur, Pabna, Rangpur and Kurigram). No. of Upazila Covered: 55 Regional Office : 11 (in each district). Sub-Regional Office: 55 (in each Upazilas)