FAO ISFP Presentation to IFAD APR Workshop


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FAO ISFP Presentation to IFAD APR Workshop

  1. 1. P.K. Mudbhary Chief, Policy Assistance Branch FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific 1 Workshop and Advanced Briefing for FAO Representatives 2- 6 February 2009 Bangkok, Thailand FAO’s Initiative on Soaring Food Prices in Asia and the Pacific
  2. 2. PRESENTATION OUTLINE <ul><li>Food prices and government response in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>FAO’s response – the Initiative on Soaring Food Prices (ISFP) </li></ul><ul><li>FAO ISFP in Asia & the Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>FAO’s collaboration with regional organizations: ISFP and beyond </li></ul>2
  3. 3. <ul><li>Food prices and government response in Asia </li></ul>
  4. 4. Selected cereal prices in Asia 14
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>Reduced food tariffs and taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsidized food prices and expanded safety net programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Released stock and increased food import </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imposed export control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supported input distribution, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The measures were short-term and costly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High budgetary and foreign exchange cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measures prevented high prices from being transmitted to farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Structural and long-term challenges remain unaddressed </li></ul>Governments responded to high prices with different measures 16
  6. 6. Major policy responses to high prices in Asian countries 15
  7. 7. FAO’S response - the Initiative on Soaring Food Prices (ISFP) 17
  8. 8. <ul><li>OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>increase food availability </li></ul><ul><li>boost smallholder productivity </li></ul><ul><li>contribute to longer-term food security by addressing underlying drivers of the crisis </li></ul>FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices (Launched in December 2007 and fully expanded after the High-level conference to translate the commitments into action) 19
  9. 9. <ul><li>FEATURES </li></ul><ul><li>partnership </li></ul><ul><li>country driven </li></ul><ul><li>catalytic </li></ul><ul><li>diversified </li></ul><ul><li>targets smallholders </li></ul><ul><li>tests best approaches </li></ul>FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices 20
  10. 10. <ul><li>estimated global need through 2009: US$ 1.7 billion </li></ul><ul><li>ISFP financing as of 19 January 2009: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total funds received:101.9 million (including 35.9 million FAO funds) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreements signed: 41.2 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects in pipeline: 72 million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FAO Technical Cooperation Projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donors: Austria, EC, Haiti, multilateral, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, UK,, Italy, Japan, Sierra Leone, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, UNDP, UNOCHA, World Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EC food facility for response to food crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FAO is implementing agency for 12 countries, three from Asia, during the first phase </li></ul></ul>FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices FINANCING 21
  11. 11. <ul><li>inter-agency assessment missions </li></ul><ul><li>country action plans: </li></ul>FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices MAIN ACTION ELEMENTS <ul><li>input supply (seeds, fertilizer, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>small-scale irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>linking farmers with markets </li></ul><ul><li>reducing crop losses </li></ul><ul><li>supportive policies </li></ul>22
  12. 12. <ul><li>UN Secretary-General established UN High-Level Task Force on Food Security Crisis (April 2008): a unified response </li></ul><ul><li>The Task Force produced Comprehensive Framework for Action (CFA), a global strategy and action plan with major FAO contributions (July 2008), which has two objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve access to food and nutrition support and take immediate steps to increase food availability, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen food and nutrition security in the long-run by addressing underlying factors driving food crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inter-agency cooperation between FAO –World Bank, ADB, EC and other UN agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with regional organizations (SAARC and ASEAN), and NGOs and bilateral donors in support of national governments </li></ul><ul><li>High Level Meeting on Food Security for All Madrid (Spain) 26-27 January 2009 to review progress since June Conference and agree on future priorities </li></ul>FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices Modalities of ISFP Response 22
  13. 13. FAO ISFP in Asia & the Pacific Region 26
  14. 14. <ul><li>ACHIEVEMENTS AND ACTIVITIES TO DATE </li></ul><ul><li>7 interagency assessment missions (identification of needs; proposals for contribution to national action plans) </li></ul><ul><li>Input supply, technical and policy assistance taking place in 17 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Regional brainstorming at RAP – 25 April 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Two regional TCP projects </li></ul><ul><li>Three country projects (Afghanistan, Nepal and Pakistan) completed for EC Food Facility </li></ul>FAO ISFP - Asia and Pacific Region 26
  15. 15. <ul><li>REGIONAL TCP PROJECTS </li></ul><ul><li>“ Regional Support to Alleviate the Impact of Soaring Food Prices on Most Affected Vulnerable Farming Populations of Asia – Pacific Region” (TCP/RAS/3204 - $458,000 – 1 year) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Monitoring Food Market Development as Rapid Response to ISFP Implementation” (Regional TCP Facility $94,340 – 10 months) </li></ul>FAO IFSP - Asia and Pacific Region 32
  16. 16. Regional Support to ISFP activities at the country level (TCP/RAS/3204) <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Support countries to increase agricultural production through enhanced supply of inputs, while ensuring timeliness, full transparency, quality of inputs and access to those most in need; </li></ul><ul><li>Assist countries in setting up effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to assess the impact of activities to address the soaring food prices situation; </li></ul><ul><li>Support inter-agency assessments at the national level on the impact of the food crisis, the development of country action plans and the detailed formulation of recommended projects; </li></ul><ul><li>Provide coordination services at regional/subregional level; identify scope for synergy, lessons learned and potential for upgrading and further development of national initiatives; and </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen regional and subregional organizations to better address and monitor the food security situation in the region. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Regional Support to ISFP activities at the country level (TCP/RAS/3204) <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Technical support and supervision missions </li></ul><ul><li>Regional workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Mission to assess implementation and follow-up programming </li></ul><ul><li>Project implementation support – Timor Leste </li></ul><ul><li>Technical and operational support </li></ul>
  18. 18. Monitoring Food Market Development and Rapid Response to ISFP Implementation – TCP Facility <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>To monitor the dynamic changes in the food markets (price fluctuations, market conditions, policy actions, etc.) in the Asia Pacific Region; </li></ul><ul><li>To provide periodic analyses of important market and policy issues related to food security in RAP member countries in order to assist policy makers in decision‑making; and </li></ul><ul><li>To continue the wide dissemination (website, email) of market information and analysis through the “Asia Pacific Food Situation Update” (APFSU) to governments, embassies, international organizations, related institutions. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Monitoring Food Market Development and Rapid Response to ISFP Implementation – TCP Facility <ul><li>Activities/ Outputs </li></ul><ul><li>A network of trade and market correspondents in selected countries. </li></ul><ul><li>A database of food and input prices (both domestic and international) </li></ul><ul><li>A monthly newsletter with analysis of international and domestic food prices, indicators and any changes relating to food/agriculture market and policy for stakeholders’ decision-making. </li></ul>
  20. 20. FAO’s collaboration with regional organizations: ISFP and beyond
  21. 21. Regional strategies and programmes <ul><li>Partnership with the SAARC Secretariat </li></ul><ul><li>Process of formulating regional strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RTWG and NTWG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Country Position papers for seven countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthesis and further consultations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification of Project ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of Project Concept Notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colombo Summit declaration on food security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference involving development partners </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Proposed Areas for Regional Cooperation in SAARC
  23. 23. <ul><li>Prevention of pre and post harvest losses, through appropriate interventions, and value chain development </li></ul>B. Pre and Post-Harvest Loss Reduction and Value Chain Management <ul><li>Enhancing productivity of small farmers in marginal and unfavorable areas / regions </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing and sustaining production and productivity in favourable areas </li></ul><ul><li>Technical and policy support towards conservation and efficient use of land, water and bio-diversity resources </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting rational/balanced use of agricultural inputs (fertilizer, agro-chemicals) </li></ul>A. Productivity, Sustainability and Income Enhancement Identified Priority Projects Broad Clusters of PCNs
  24. 24. Identified Priority Projects Broad Clusters of PCNs Support /assistance for capacity-building in analysis and formulation of agricultural trade policies for ensuring food security D. Agricultural Trade and Marketing for Food Security <ul><li>Development / Updating of national SPS Standards in line with CODEX </li></ul><ul><li>Development/up-gradation of Accredited Laboratories in SAARC Region </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalization of a SAARC mechanism/ network on control of Trans-Boundary Plant and Fish Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Support/assistance in capacity-building in the areas of food safety, quality and standards </li></ul>C. Ensuring Bio-Security
  25. 25. <ul><li>Proposed Areas for Regional Cooperation in ASEAN </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>ASEAN Integrated Food Security (AIFS) Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Plan of Action on ASEAN Food Security (SPA-FS) </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence Matrix to align CFA Outcomes and Activities/ Sub-Activities under ASEAN SPA-FS </li></ul><ul><li>Planned Regional Conference </li></ul>
  27. 27. THANK YOU www.fao.org/isfp 43