Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
REDD+, SFM, development, markets and forests.<br />Workshop on governance, decentralization and REDD+ <br />in Latin Ameri...
Qué es REDD?<br />Como podría funcionar?<br />Principales desafíos<br />Evitar la deforestación<br />Costos y beneficios p...
Bosques 18% de emisiones (Stern 2006), <br />Sobretodo en trópicos (Houghton 2003)<br />Es forma más barata para reducir e...
Qué es?<br />Mecanismo para incorporar la reducción de emisiones de gases con efecto invernadero (GEI) por deforestación y...
<ul><li>¿¿??????</li></ul>Como podría funcionar?<br />
Introduction<br />Much written on causes of deforestation and forest degradation<br />Money appears to be key to change<br...
Introduction<br /><ul><li>What role does SFM have?
Does SFM contribute to REDD, rural development and conservation?
What lessons from past SFM experiences are important for REDD+?</li></li></ul><li>Calcular línea base<br />Cuanto carbono ...
Cobertura forestal Costa Rica<br />Fuente: Kleinn et al 2002, citado por Kanninen et al 2007<br />
Línea base y adicionalidad<br />Promedio línea base<br />2008<br />
“Business as usual”<br />Nepstad et al 2007<br />
A pesar de esfuerzos mundiales en años 1980 a 2000, después reducción en tasa entre 2000 y 2005 hay aumento<br />Como será...
Deforestation<br />Sources<br />Agricultural expansion<br />Degradation<br />Infrastructural expansion<br />Forest product...
 population dynamics: demand, migration
 Technology </li></ul>Competitive land uses<br />Demand<br />Policies<br />Fuentes y causas de deforestación<br />
REDD+, SFM and landrent<br />Land rent<br />Normal situation<br />NPVA = net present value of agriculture; <br />NPVB = ne...
REDD+, SFM and landrent<br />Land rent<br />increased price<br />for forest products<br />from well-managed <br />forests;...
REDD+, SFM and land rent<br />Land rent<br />combination of<br />increased price and<br />reduced transaction<br />costs<b...
REDD+, SFM and land rent<br />Markets & policies may influence land rent<br />Policies addressing underlying causes of def...
REDD+ and development<br />The forest transition curve (Kanninen et al. 2007, adapted from Angelsen 2007). <br />
REDD+ and development<br />Ignores local perceptions on benefits and costs, expectations and risk behavior, mistrust, cons...
Governance vs. deforestation<br />Governance important factor to be considered as part of “development” conditions in fore...
REDD+ and development<br />Other factors that may determine deforestation rates:<br />off-farm employment<br />measures to...
REDD+ and carbon markets<br />Carbon markets may raise land rent<br />However, transition costs may be high for individual...
Effective<br />Efficient<br />REDD projects in Brasil<br />
REDD+ and carbon markets<br />Carbon markets (regulatory and voluntary) are not enough<br />Also international funding (en...
SFM and REDD+<br />RIL techniques reduce loss of biomass, and up to 30% less loss of carbon<br />Increased processing effi...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

CATIE Presentation on Implementation of REDD+

11,158

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
11,158
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Mencionar ejemplos de países en cada segmento de la curva?
  • Creo que vale la pena recapitular y dar la respuesta concisa a estas preguntas clave, porque básicamente guían todo el paper. Si mal no recuerdo reforzar las respuestas era una sugerencia pendiente para el paper.
  • Transcript of "CATIE Presentation on Implementation of REDD+"

    1. 1. REDD+, SFM, development, markets and forests.<br />Workshop on governance, decentralization and REDD+ <br />in Latin America and the Caribbean<br />31 August-3 September 2010 Oaxaca, México<br />Bastiaan Louman, Miguel Cifuentes, Mario Chacón<br />
    2. 2. Qué es REDD?<br />Como podría funcionar?<br />Principales desafíos<br />Evitar la deforestación<br />Costos y beneficios para diferentes actores<br />Efecto cambio climático sobre viabilidad bosques<br />Contenido<br />
    3. 3. Bosques 18% de emisiones (Stern 2006), <br />Sobretodo en trópicos (Houghton 2003)<br />Es forma más barata para reducir emisiones<br />Funciona para dar tiempo para desarrollar tecnología para reducir emisiones en transporte y energía.<br />Primeras propuestas en 2003 <br />2005 por Papua Nueva Guinea y Costa Rica<br />
    4. 4. Qué es?<br />Mecanismo para incorporar la reducción de emisiones de gases con efecto invernadero (GEI) por deforestación y degradación dentro del convenio marco para el cambio climático<br />Pagaría por evitar deforestación y degradación más allá que hacen actualmente.<br />El +: incluye restaurar, mantener, aumentar stock de carbono (MFS, conservación, restauración forestal) <br />
    5. 5. <ul><li>¿¿??????</li></ul>Como podría funcionar?<br />
    6. 6. Introduction<br />Much written on causes of deforestation and forest degradation<br />Money appears to be key to change<br />Distance to market used as proxy to determine land value<br />
    7. 7. Introduction<br /><ul><li>What role does SFM have?
    8. 8. Does SFM contribute to REDD, rural development and conservation?
    9. 9. What lessons from past SFM experiences are important for REDD+?</li></li></ul><li>Calcular línea base<br />Cuanto carbono por kg biomasa?<br />Estimar biomasa<br />Datos actuales muy variables<br />Varia según región, mayor biomasa (y entonces carbono) en trópicos<br />Desarrollando tecnología para medir con radar de satélites (evitar problema de nubosidad)<br />Sobre cuál período?<br />
    10. 10. Cobertura forestal Costa Rica<br />Fuente: Kleinn et al 2002, citado por Kanninen et al 2007<br />
    11. 11. Línea base y adicionalidad<br />Promedio línea base<br />2008<br />
    12. 12. “Business as usual”<br />Nepstad et al 2007<br />
    13. 13. A pesar de esfuerzos mundiales en años 1980 a 2000, después reducción en tasa entre 2000 y 2005 hay aumento<br />Como será diferente?<br />Evitar deforestación<br />
    14. 14. Deforestation<br />Sources<br />Agricultural expansion<br />Degradation<br />Infrastructural expansion<br />Forest product harvesting<br />Causes<br />Insecure tenure <br />Low transparency in decision making<br />Deficient rules and resources for their application <br />Other factors<br /><ul><li> Culture
    15. 15. population dynamics: demand, migration
    16. 16. Technology </li></ul>Competitive land uses<br />Demand<br />Policies<br />Fuentes y causas de deforestación<br />
    17. 17. REDD+, SFM and landrent<br />Land rent<br />Normal situation<br />NPVA = net present value of agriculture; <br />NPVB = net present value of forest use,<br />CM = transaction costs for sustainable land use;c<br />
    18. 18. REDD+, SFM and landrent<br />Land rent<br />increased price<br />for forest products<br />from well-managed <br />forests;<br />NPVA = net present value of agriculture; <br />NPVB = net present value of forest use,<br />CM = transaction costs for sustainable land use;<br />SFM = sustainable forest management.<br />
    19. 19. REDD+, SFM and land rent<br />Land rent<br />combination of<br />increased price and<br />reduced transaction<br />costs<br />NPVA<br />CM<br />NPVB<br />0<br />Agriculture<br />Forest use<br />SFM<br />Reduced <br />deforestation<br />Reduced <br />degradation<br />NPVA = net present value of agriculture; <br />NPVB = net present value of forest use,<br />CM = transaction costs for sustainable land use;<br />SFM = sustainable forest management.<br />
    20. 20. REDD+, SFM and land rent<br />Markets & policies may influence land rent<br />Policies addressing underlying causes of deforestation and degradation before compensatory payments<br />May differ according to “development” characteristics of each country<br />forest transition curve<br />
    21. 21. REDD+ and development<br />The forest transition curve (Kanninen et al. 2007, adapted from Angelsen 2007). <br />
    22. 22. REDD+ and development<br />Ignores local perceptions on benefits and costs, expectations and risk behavior, mistrust, conservation preference, institutional frameworks <br />Is there a better indicator for “development” along the x-axis?<br />
    23. 23. Governance vs. deforestation<br />Governance important factor to be considered as part of “development” conditions in forest transition curve?<br />
    24. 24. REDD+ and development<br />Other factors that may determine deforestation rates:<br />off-farm employment<br />measures to reflect the level of agricultural prices, <br />road density and the level of local wages Macro-economic factors<br />Need more local scale and local perceptions on development and conservation; <br />It is not just income that moves curve upward: How much of “reforestation” in Costa Rica can be explained by increased income?<br />
    25. 25. REDD+ and carbon markets<br />Carbon markets may raise land rent<br />However, transition costs may be high for individual (small) producers, raising the CM curve for them (monitoring and base line)<br />How may markets contribute to improving enabling conditions (lowering CM curve)?<br />Will markets address the most problematic areas (center of graph)?<br />
    26. 26. Effective<br />Efficient<br />REDD projects in Brasil<br />
    27. 27. REDD+ and carbon markets<br />Carbon markets (regulatory and voluntary) are not enough<br />Also international funding (enabling conditions, FCPF, UN-REDD, Norway and Guyana for example)<br />And bilateral transactions (small and medium forest users and owners, Plan Vivo for example)<br />
    28. 28. SFM and REDD+<br />RIL techniques reduce loss of biomass, and up to 30% less loss of carbon<br />Increased processing efficiency further reduces carbon losses<br />SFM reduces unauthorized use of forests<br />SFM and user rights may reduce deforestation<br />SFM may contribute to local livelihoods<br />But enabling conditions need to be in place for widespread implementation <br />
    29. 29. SFM and REDD+<br />
    30. 30. Main lesson learned<br />Trees do not grow on money alone<br />REDD+ will need to address the enabling conditions for any chance of successful implementation: not by markets alone. <br />REDD+ will need to reconcile local knowledge, needs and expectations with national and international frameworks: local base connected to national and international policies.<br />REDD+ is not forever; markets are still uncertain; as source of local income can only be complementary; invest in no-regret options (governance, monitoring, trees)<br />Balance carbon with biodiversity and social issues<br />
    31. 31. ManyThanks<br />Forfurther discussions: <br />blouman@catie.ac.cr<br />

    ×