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Knowledge & Technology Exchange for enhanced quality of IFAD/ICARDA operations in the NENA region, IFAD-ICARDA
 

Knowledge & Technology Exchange for enhanced quality of IFAD/ICARDA operations in the NENA region, IFAD-ICARDA

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    Knowledge & Technology Exchange for enhanced quality of IFAD/ICARDA operations in the NENA region, IFAD-ICARDA Knowledge & Technology Exchange for enhanced quality of IFAD/ICARDA operations in the NENA region, IFAD-ICARDA Presentation Transcript

    • Knowledge & Technology Exchange for enhanced quality of IFAD/ICARDA operations in the NENA region Near East and North Africa Division 26-29 October 2009 Aleppo, Syria
    • IFAD Strategic Framework and Operating Model Strategic objective: poor rural men and women in developing countries have better access to, and have developed the skills and organization to take advantage of:
      • Natural resources (land and water);
      • Improved agricultural technologies and effective production services;
      • A broad range of financial services ;
      • Transparent and competitive agricultural input and produce markets ;
      • Opportunities for rural off-farm employment and enterprise development; and
      • Local and national policy and programming processes.
      Country Strategy
    • IFAD’s Contributions to Development Outcomes In 2008, 200 on-going programmes and projects On-going investment $ 3.4 billion
      • Natural resource management
      • 3.86 million ha of land under improved management practices
      • 470 thousand ha of land under constructed/rehabilitated irrigation schemes
      • Agricultural technologies
      • 1.72 million people trained in crop production practices/technologies
      • 1.03 million people trained in livestock production practices/technologies
      • Rural financial services
      • 4.35 million of active borrowers
      • 5.44 million of voluntary savers
      • Marketing & Microenterprise
      • 15 000 km of roads constructed/rehabilitated
      • 25 000 marketing groups formed/strengthened
      • 162 000 people trained in business and entrepreneurship
      • 19 000 enterprises accessing facilitated non-financial services
      • Policies and institutions
      • 338 000 people trained in community management topics
      • 24 000 village/community action plans prepared
    •  
    • IFAD’s Near East and North Africa Division
      • Near East and North Africa region (NENA): Algeria, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Gaza and the West Bank, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Malta, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, The Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
      • Central and Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States region (CEN): Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Turkey.
    • Poverty and Regional Trends: NENA
      • Increasing water scarcity, declining soil fertility, vulnerability to climate change
      • Increasing food prices
      • High oil prices benefiting a few Arab countries, but hurting the oil-importing economies
      • High youth unemployment, although declining in recent years
      • Education, knowledge, and IT lagging behind other regions
      • Wide gender gap still exists
      • Governance issues
      • Conflict (Iraq, Lebanon, Somalia, Sudan, West Bank & Gaza)
      The Rural Poverty Report indicates: - 25% of the region’s population is estimated to be poor - 58% of the poor live in rural areas (about 52 million people) - 34% of the rural population is poor compared to 18% of the urban population Rural poverty is decreasing much more slowly than urban poverty. Regional Trends:
    • PN Investment Portfolio (October 09)
      • 16 countries : 9 NENA and 7 CEN
      • 43 projects
      • $ 610 mln in lending
      • $ 700 mln co-financing
      • $ 26 mln in grants
      • 80% of portfolio directly supervised
      • (100% by 2010)
      • IFAD instruments:
      • Loans - rates: Highly Concessional, Intermediate, Ordinary
      • Grants - Regional and Country-specific
    • Current thematic focus of PN operations
      • NENA
      • Management of natural resources (land and water)
      • Increasing agricultural production and productivity
      • Community-based and area-based rural development
      • Income-generation activities
      • Rural financial services
      • CEN
      • Rural financial services
      • Market linkages for rural smallholders (supply chain management)
      • Non-farm rural economy through support of small-medium enterprises
      • Commercially-derived infrastructure
    •  
    • Co-financing 693 148 Total 11 187 Netherlands 12 546 GEF 23 483 Domestic Financial Institutions 36 600 World Bank 91 006 AFESD 100 742 Beneficiaries 109 509 OFID 276 399 Governments Amount (USD '000) Name Main PN project co-financiers
    • Thematic Priorities for NENA
      • Crosscutting issues :
      • Participatory NRM and community-driven development
      • Gender
      • Decentralization and local governance
      • Focus on mountain areas, rangelands, rainfed, and disadvantaged areas
      • Improving agricultural productivity and food security
      • Reducing vulnerability to climate change, addressing water scarcity
      • Providing microfinance for the rural poor
      • Reducing unemployment , particularly among rural youth
      • Linking small growers with domestic and international markets
    • Thematic priorities for CEN
      • Rural financial services
      • Market linkages for rural smallholders
      • Non-farm rural economy through support of small-medium enterprises
      • Commercially-derived infrastructure
      • Crosscutting issues:
      • Private-sector and local institutional development
      • Support to civil society and local governance
      • Assisting countries in gearing-up to EU accession or access to EU markets
      • Focus on mountain and disadvantaged areas
      • Channelling remittances to rural areas?
    • IFAD Grants to ICARDA over three decades 44 Grants for over USD 37 million
    • Grants to ICARDA by thematic priority
    • Historic division of IFAD Grants to ICARDA by region
      • 1979-2009: 44 Grants for USD 37 million
      2009: 11 ongoing Grants for USD 8.7 million
    • ICARDA ongoing Grants in PN Portfolio 7 Grants for USD 3.5 million
    • ICARDA ongoing Grants in PN Portfolio Three thematic areas Research & Technology Transfer Value Chain Support Capacity Building
    • PN 2007-2012 Lending Programme
    • Thematic focus of pipeline 2009-2012 - NENA Egypt: Irrigation; Rural finance, SME, Private sector partnership (2009, 2011 and 2012) Lebanon: Natural resource management, Water access (2009 and 2012) Morocco: Rural development in mountain areas, Rural finance, Microentreprise development, Natural resource management, Market access (2010) Palestine: Natural resources management, Value chain development, Financial services (2009 and 2010) Somalia : Watershed management, community driven development (2010 and 2011) Sudan : Agriculture development and irrigation; market access for smallholders; Value Chain Development (2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012) Syria: Natural resource management, Improved market access (2010) Yemen : Value chain development and market access ; Fisheries development (2010 and 2012);
    • Albania : Supply chain development, Rural finance, Private sector development, EU accession, Mountain Areas development (2011 and 2012) Armenia : Equity funds, Commercially-derived infrastructure (2010) Azerbaijan : Value chain development, Foreign market linkages (2010 and 2011) Bosnia and Herzegovina : Value chain development (2011) Georgia : Rural finance, Rural infrastructure (2009 and 2011) Moldova : Remittances and Equity/Investment development (2010 and 2011) Thematic focus of pipeline 2009-2012 - CEN
    • IFAD interventions in the NENA region PN strategy and support for Rural Finance SYSTEMIC IMPACT  development of the rural financial sector DIRECT IMPACT  increased access of farmers and SME’s to rural finance  increased farmer incomes & SME revenues
      • Entry points and enabling conditions
      • Policy dialogue
      • Incentives for PFIs/ MFIs to extend rural outreach
      • Knowledge sharing of concepts/best practices
      • Provide enabling conditions (business advisories, commercially-derived infrastructure, improved legal framework for business transactions)
      • Funding methodologies
      • Credit lines to intermediary banks/microfinance institutions
      • Refinancing Facility Funds
      • Venture Capital Funds
      • Support to Savings and Credit Associations, Village Credit Funds, Community Development Associations
      • Constraints
      •  Lack of institutions providing rural financial services
      •  Lack of long-term capital
      •  Lack of “credit culture”
      • Presence of state-owned banks that subsidise credit but do not reach out to small farmers and SMEs (NENA)
    • IFAD potential for scaling up in the NENA region PN experiences in Value Chain Development Policy advise and advocacy; institutional partnerships Market derived infrastructure at various strategic links in the chain (roads, irrigation, etc.)
      • PA support
      • Certification
      • Advisory services
      • Financial services
      • Business services
      • Certification
      • Financial services
      • Market information
      Primary Production (Producers' Associations (PAs) or Individual Farmers) Agro-processing (Micro, Small or Medium Scale Enterprises) Markets (Domestic & Export)
    • IFAD potential for scaling up in the NENA region - selected examples USD 5m
      • Slow adoption of the participatory approach by the elite herders mitigated by the fair representation of small herders in the Rangeland Management Committee
      • Sustained rehabilitation of the Syrian Badia
      • Demonstrated effectiveness of a replicable and sustainable participatory approach to planning, implementation and monitoring
      • Rangeland Development: rehabilitation of native plant cover and introduction of management technologies to ensure a rapid healing of the ecosystems and increase in forage output
      Syria Badea Rangelands Development Project USD 5m
      • Low risk as Govt agencies especially extension dept in State Ministry of Agriculture well trained in the participatory planning and implementation approach
      • 100 community organizations established, registered and operational
      • Access to productive and social services for approx 20,000 households
      • Establishment of a local development fund to finance basic services on cost sharing basis with communities
      • Supporting recurrent costs of multi-disciplinary extension teams
      Sudan South Kordofan Rural Development Project USD 3m
      • Low risk of poor management and O&M; will be transferred to community committees
      • Low risk of unsustainability; existing sustainable model to be replicated and upscaled
      • Risk of capital erosion, to be mitigated by strong financial supervision
      • Direct benefits to about 35,000 people per USD 1.0 million of civil works
      • Small injections of capital into savings & credit groups will create substantial economic benefits and local multiplier effects
      • Infrastructure development
      • Expansion of private veterinary services at community level
      • Expansion of community micro-finance schemes
      Yemen Dhamar Participatory Rural Development Project Est. Cost Risks Benefits Potential Project
    • IFAD potential for scaling up in the NENA region - selected examples USD 4m
      • Minimal risks as listed above as well as infrastructure: district support and community follow- through on decentralized O&M arrangements
      • Build on achievements, innovations and successes from phase I and replicate high-impact activities
      • Expand number of villages to be reached. Institutional strengthening will enhance prospects for sustainability
      • Watershed management works
      • Agricultural production and marketing
      • Decentralized planning, implementation and monitoring
      Somalia Somaliland Integrated Community Development Programme USD 3m
      • Minimal risks relate to sustainability:
      • for rural finance activities: capacity of local MFIs to extend, develop and expand services to rural clients over the long-term;
      • for agriculture components: volatility of input and output prices;
      • for rural roads and community
      • Expand outreach and innovativeness of rural financial services
      • Enhance watershed management and improve agricultural productivity
      • Address community priority needs that are currently unmet and face financing gap
      • Rural financial services and expansion of community micro-finance schemes
      • Support to fruit orchard establishment
      • Community infrastructure
      Jordan Agricultural Resources Management Project in Karak and Tafileh – Phase II Est. Cost Risks Benefits Potential Project
    • Looking Forward
      • IFAD will act vigorously to get into partnerships with organizations interested in increasing the pro-poor/pro-employment content of their work, with emphasis on the productive and sustainable use of natural resources
      • Thank you
      Contact: Nadim Khouri, Director Near East and North Africa Division, IFAD [email_address] 00 39 06 5459 2321