Participatory Community Development plan: a vehicle for Knowledge sharing and Sustainable Development, Dr. Mohamed El Mourid, ICARDA
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Participatory Community Development plan: a vehicle for Knowledge sharing and Sustainable Development, Dr. Mohamed El Mourid, ICARDA

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    Participatory Community Development plan: a vehicle for Knowledge sharing and Sustainable Development, Dr. Mohamed El Mourid, ICARDA Participatory Community Development plan: a vehicle for Knowledge sharing and Sustainable Development, Dr. Mohamed El Mourid, ICARDA Presentation Transcript

    • Participatory community development plan: a vehicle for knowledge sharing and sustainable development
    • Developing Sustainable Livelihoods of Agropastoral Communities of WANA (M&M III) BOT Meeting, Amman Nov. 2008 Mashreq Maghreb
    • Mashreq-Maghreb Project evolved from technology development at plot level to community empowerment 2008
    • Problems addressed by M&M
      • Low & fluctuating productivity of crops and livestock
      • Poor involvement of rural women
      • Increased degradation of rangelands
      • Poor participation of communities/people in the local development
      • Inefficient extension, top down (linear TT) technology transfer (low adoption of available technologies)
      • Constraining land tenure & property rights (the commons)
      • Poor investment in arid areas due to lack of appropriate policies
    • ICARDA/M&M – IFAD working together…
      • Develop methodologies and tools for participatory management of natural resources in arid agropastoral areas
      • Empower agro communities through the creation of community-based organizations (CBO)
      • Getting policymakers at the local and national level to realize that technical, policy, and institutional options (TIPOs) must be strongly linked and integrated for a successful and sustainable rural development
      • Enhance on-going research and development initiatives using community participatory tools through a sound training program targeting all stakeholders.
    • Where do we stand today ? From participation, to local development, to self-reliance and empowerment of agropastoral communities Passive participation: people are not against… In kind contribution (labor force) Financial contribution Consultation: Participation “at a second degree » Negotiation: active participation Co-management: Emergence of CBOs Self-reliance of CBOs (empowerment) 1970
    • BOT Meeting, Amman Nov. 2008 Participatory technology testing: the adoption process
    • BOT Meeting, Amman Nov. 2008 Community Community Modeling Modeling Scenarios Scenarios Develop. & Transfer of Technologies Policy & Property Rights Studies Agro - Ecological Characterization Validation with community representatives Private sector NGOs Public institutions Other communities Presentation to decision - makers Community Community Community Community Modeling Scenarios Scenarios Develop. & Transfer of Technologies Policy & Property Rights Studies Agro - Ecological Characterization Develop. & Transfer of Technologies Policy & Property Rights Studies Agro - Ecological Characterization Validation with community representatives Private sector Private sector NGOs NGOs Public institutions Public institutions Other communities Other communities Presentation to decision - makers
    • Tools & methodologies to implement PA and CDP in agro pastoral communities ICARDA second science week 2009
    • Participatory Community Development Plan: Methodology/ Steps and tools
      • Step 1. Participatory characterization of the Community (territory and users): knowledge/learning phase
      • Step 2. Participatory diagnosis & planning
      • Step 3. Participatory programming
      • Step 4. Characterization & promotion of community-based organizations
      • Step 5. Implementation and Monitoring and Evaluation
      Process based on group animation and multi-disciplinary team work
    • NRM and local development is the responsibility of all …. But the final decision is the business of the community ….
      • Institutionalization of the Community Approach (CA) and Implementation of Community Development Plans (CDPs) ( outcome “A successful framework for community-based participatory research in WANA/ score 8.6” )
        • 25 Agropastoral communities in IFAD-funded project in Tunisia;
        • Agropastoral communities in IFAD-funded project in Morocco
        • Agropastoral communties in Algeria, Syria, and Jordan
        • Legal framework of CBOs
      Impacts of M&M project
    • Impacts of M&M project
      • Changes in the research and development paradigm for the dry areas:
        • The CA and its different components is contributing to the establishment of an integrated framework for the development of dry areas;
        • Policymakers at the local and national level have come to realize that policy, technical, and institutional options are not and cannot be dissociated from each other if they seek to foster successful rural development.
    • Conceptual Model TIPOs
      • Knowledge development and sharing/ Networking
      • Network of more than 80 scientists from mashreq and Maghreb
      • M&M Website ( www.mashreq-maghreb.org )
      • M&M News: biannual (5 issues)
      • Publication of field manual on CA and CDP (English) and in collaboration with Karianet (Arabic)
      • Technical booklets (Rangeland improvement & mgt, Sheep husbandry & reproduction improvement)
      • Scientific papers in refereed journals
      Impacts of M&M project
    • BOT Meeting, Amman Nov. 2008 Knowledge development and dissemination (M&M I& II): Selected examples
    • BOT Meeting, Amman Nov. 2008 Knowledge development and dissemination (M&M I& II): Selected examples
    • BOT Meeting, Amman Nov. 2008 Knowledge development and dissemination (M&M I& II): Selected examples
    • www.mashreq-maghreb.org BOT Meeting, Amman Nov. 2008
    • Knowledge development and sharing BOT Meeting, Amman Nov. 2008
    • Knowledge development and sharing BOT Meeting, Amman Nov. 2008
      • Development Projects benefit from M&M!
      • Barani Project, Pakistan
      • Kordofan project, Sudan
      • Siliana & Zaghouan Projects, Tunisia
      • PRODESUD, Tunisia
      • PDPEO, Morocco
      • PDRTT, Morocco
      • Oued Safsaf, Algeria
      • ARMPII (Jordan),
      • Badia (Syria),
      • KARIANET/IDRC
      Impacts of M&M project
    • Key messages
      • M&M revised and developed good technologies and approaches for livestock-based systems to adapt to drought and to promote investment in dry areas.
      • M&M developed and institutionalized community approach and CDPs empowering communities and promoting local development addressing real needs.
    • Key messages
      • The CDP is a platform of mutual learning where all stakeholders (community, development agencies, technicians, researchers, NGOs, decision makers, etc…) negotiate development options.
      • M&M developed and used efficient mechanisms and knowledge sharing (networks of more than 80 ICARDA and NARS scientists, CBOS, ICT, Newsletter, TANs, publications, etc.)
    • What is next ?
      • Adaptation of agropastoral communities to climate change in dry non-tropical areas