Scaling-Up Nutrition: IFAD’s contribution to Nutrition-sensitive Agriculture<br />May 25th 2011<br />
6<br />I. Vision and History<br />Part 1:  The need to scale up efforts against rising under-nutrition in a coordinated mu...
I. Vision and History<br />Why we need to act now,...<br />...because:<br />FOCUS: there is renewed international focus on...
Priority Responses for Scaling Up Nutrition <br />
Priority Responses for Scaling Up Nutrition <br />
Priority Responses for Scaling Up Nutrition <br />
EXAMPLES OF NUTRITION-SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS<br />Definition: interventions that have nutritional improvement as the prima...
NUTRITION SENSITIVE DEVELOPMENT<br />Definition :Nutritional outcomes as a key goal of national development policies<br />...
Part 2: HOW AGRICULTURE IMPROVES NUTRITION<br />3 purposes of Agriculture:<br />Produce food for consumption<br />Generate...
FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY<br />Embed nutrition into food security – “food and nutrition security” because:<br /><ul><li>...
adding nutrition emphasises nutrition is the ultimate goal
ensures nutrition is not lost or forgotten by food economists
not just calories  but also food quality and dietary diversity
considers both under and over nutrition
unless we improve nutrition security, ending hunger and raising levels of nutrition will not be automatic</li></li></ul><l...
NARROWING THE “NUTRITION GAP” IN SPECIFIC FOOD SYSTEMS...<br />Root and tuber systems in West Africa<br />selectively bree...
SUMMARY<br />Nutrition-sensitive agriculture means give a focus to:<br /><ul><li>people, to farmers and their families not...
quality and diversity of food not just to quantity
the consumption of food not just to production</li></ul>And speak of Food and Nutrition Security<br /><ul><li>so we do not...
and we integrate nutrition into agriculture and food security policies and programmes</li></li></ul><li>INCREASED INCORPOR...
II. The Road Map<br />PART 3: THE SUN MOVEMENT - STAKEHOLDER COORDINATION ON ALL LEVELS<br />People<br />"...Coordination ...
II. The Road Map<br />A STEP CHANGE REQUIRES BOTH JOINT WORKING AND EVIDENCE-BASED ACTIONS<br />People<br />Robust decisio...
Pursue detailed stock-tacking and mapping
Set clear targets
Mobilize sufficient funds
Continuously track progress
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110525 ifad sun progress nabarro

  1. 1. Scaling-Up Nutrition: IFAD’s contribution to Nutrition-sensitive Agriculture<br />May 25th 2011<br />
  2. 2. 6<br />I. Vision and History<br />Part 1: The need to scale up efforts against rising under-nutrition in a coordinated multi-stakeholder approach<br />Unsatisfactory progress towards MDG 1...<br />...calls for coordinated action<br />Intention endorsed by 100+ organizations<br />Rising number of undernourished people<br />Millions<br />1.050<br />1.000<br />950<br />900<br />850<br />0<br />2009<br />2008<br />2004–2006<br />2002–2002<br />1995–1997<br />1990–1992<br />Worldwide progress to MDG 1<br />%children < 5 underweight<br />-1% p.a.<br />33%<br />26%<br />∆ = 9.5%<br />MDG 2015 target<br />Source: The State of Food Insecurity in the World, FAO (2009), Value for 2009 is a projection; Millennium Development Goals Report, 2008 (2006 data) <br />
  3. 3. I. Vision and History<br />Why we need to act now,...<br />...because:<br />FOCUS: there is renewed international focus on human rights as a basis for economic, social and human development, and on addressing food and nutrition security within that framework<br />EVIDENCE: there is abundant evidence on the impact of under-nutrition on infant and young child mortality and its largely irreversible long-term effects on intellectual, physical and social development as well as on health<br />RECOGNITION: there is widespread recognition (“a burden of knowledge”) that a series of well-tested and low-cost interventions can protect the nutrition of vulnerable individuals and communities and benefit millions of individuals if incorporated into agriculture, social protection, health and educational programmes<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />September 2010<br />
  4. 4. Priority Responses for Scaling Up Nutrition <br />
  5. 5. Priority Responses for Scaling Up Nutrition <br />
  6. 6. Priority Responses for Scaling Up Nutrition <br />
  7. 7. EXAMPLES OF NUTRITION-SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS<br />Definition: interventions that have nutritional improvement as the primary goal<br />Outcomes:<br />Ensuring that all women are in the best possible position to ensure optimum nutrition for themselves and their children (a) in pregnancy (b) when breastfeeding their children, and (c) when weaning their children – especially when children are ill and women face many demands on their time; <br />Encouraging local markets to offer a nutritional diversity within food products (continuously available and accessible throughout the year with nutrients in a form tht is capable of being utilized) – through the implementation of appropriate agriculture and food policies;<br />Ensuring that approprients nutrients are accessible and capable of being utilized through safety net programmes (whether food or cash based);<br />Encouraging ante-natal nutrition, breast feeding, complementary feeding, hygiene, adequate vitamin and minerals; nutritional management of infections and therapeutic feeding for those who are affected by severe acute malnutrition (children, those with chroinic diseases etc) with special attention to at risk communities. <br />
  8. 8. NUTRITION SENSITIVE DEVELOPMENT<br />Definition :Nutritional outcomes as a key goal of national development policies<br />Outcomes:<br />Ensuring optimal nutritional impact of all agriculture and food security programmes through research, action, close monitoring;<br />Ensuirng optimal nutritional impact of social protection programmes and targeting of safety nets for vulnerable communities, <br />Ensuing appropriate nutritonal focus within maternal, new-born and child health programmes, <br />Incorporating nutritional considerations within child and adult education, <br />Analyzing the nutritional impact of employment generation, rural development and emergency response programmes and taking action as appropriate <br />
  9. 9. Part 2: HOW AGRICULTURE IMPROVES NUTRITION<br />3 purposes of Agriculture:<br />Produce food for consumption<br />Generate employment, income and support rural livelihoods<br />Safeguard the environment<br />Nutritional value chain:<br />Production:<br /> increased quantity (DES) - availability, stability<br /> improved nutritional quality – variety, diversity and safety<br />Preservation, storage, and processing – reduce losses in value and in nutritional quality along the chain<br />Transportation and marketing<br />Consumption - education<br />
  10. 10. FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY<br />Embed nutrition into food security – “food and nutrition security” because:<br /><ul><li>‘food security’ and ‘nutrition security’ are not the same thing
  11. 11. adding nutrition emphasises nutrition is the ultimate goal
  12. 12. ensures nutrition is not lost or forgotten by food economists
  13. 13. not just calories but also food quality and dietary diversity
  14. 14. considers both under and over nutrition
  15. 15. unless we improve nutrition security, ending hunger and raising levels of nutrition will not be automatic</li></li></ul><li>NARROWING THE “NUTRITION GAP”the gap between what foods are available and what foods are needed for a healthy diet<br />Poor diets low in quantity, quality and variety lead to hunger and micro-nutrient deficiencies<br />Increase production of staple foods – YES but at the same time...<br />...ensure local availability of the right mix of foods (dietary diversity) in all seasons<br />...ensure consumption of such diets through consumer education for informed choices<br />...establish collaboration with social protection programmes that reach the poorest and most marginalized groups<br />
  16. 16. NARROWING THE “NUTRITION GAP” IN SPECIFIC FOOD SYSTEMS...<br />Root and tuber systems in West Africa<br />selectively breed cassava to improve nutrient content; boost red palm oil production (vitamin A rich) and animal foods<br />Rice systems in Asia<br />introduce low-input short duration dry season crops (mung and soy bean, oil seed); integrated aquaculture/horticulture; agricultural extension-based nutrition education<br />Maize and bean systems in Central America<br />increase trash fish consumption; intercropping of maize, beans and legumes (milpa system); greenhouse production of fruits and vegetables; nutrition education<br />
  17. 17. SUMMARY<br />Nutrition-sensitive agriculture means give a focus to:<br /><ul><li>people, to farmers and their families not just to farms or pharmacies
  18. 18. quality and diversity of food not just to quantity
  19. 19. the consumption of food not just to production</li></ul>And speak of Food and Nutrition Security<br /><ul><li>so we do not forget about nutrition
  20. 20. and we integrate nutrition into agriculture and food security policies and programmes</li></li></ul><li>INCREASED INCORPORATION OF NUTRITION-SENSITIVITY INTO IFAD’S AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY WORK<br /> 1 Examine the IFAD portfolio in one or more countries within the context of existing information about the determinants of both under- and over-nutrition;<br /> <br />2 Look at this portfolio within the context of national policies for food and nutrition security and the work of other development partners including the World Bank and regional MDBs; <br /> <br />3 Consider appropriate indicators for IFAD’s work – either on its own, or (ideally perhaps) within the context of national plans for food security and nutrition (and, where relevant, national contributions to the SUN movement);<br /> <br />4 Develop concepts for how IFAD programme managers might wish to adjust their patters of support at country level so that they can contribute (directly, or through leverage) to better nutritional outcomes;<br /> <br />5 Consider how this impact might be monitored and reported. <br />
  21. 21. II. The Road Map<br />PART 3: THE SUN MOVEMENT - STAKEHOLDER COORDINATION ON ALL LEVELS<br />People<br />"...Coordination of stakeholders to encourage synergy of purpose and complementarity of action"<br />Action at country level<br />Know how andcapacity <br />development<br />Global support <br />functions<br />Financingpathways<br />Business Community<br />Government<br />(lead)<br />Research Community<br />UN System<br />Civil Society<br />Donors<br />NGOs<br />Governance<br />
  22. 22. II. The Road Map<br />A STEP CHANGE REQUIRES BOTH JOINT WORKING AND EVIDENCE-BASED ACTIONS<br />People<br />Robust decisions with evidence-based action<br />Shared vision with joint working<br /><ul><li>Move the numbers
  23. 23. Pursue detailed stock-tacking and mapping
  24. 24. Set clear targets
  25. 25. Mobilize sufficient funds
  26. 26. Continuously track progress
  27. 27. Encourage mutual respect, confidence and trust
  28. 28. Minimize potential conflicts of interest
  29. 29. Generate excitement for a common goal
  30. 30. Work together towards this goal with a common code of conduct</li></ul>Robustdecisions<br />Joint working<br />Within a human rights framework<br />
  31. 31. SUN ROAD MAP: BENCHMARKS FOR COUNTRY ENGAGEMENT<br /><ul><li>Request from National Authorities
  32. 32. From Office of Head of Government, Planning Commission, or designated Line Ministry.
  33. 33. National Focal Point identified.
  34. 34. Active “Champion” to convene Development Partners
  35. 35. In Country Consultations underway via multi-stakeholder platform and process
  36. 36. Nutrition Policy in place and being pursued
  37. 37. Stock-takes of actions and intentions underway
  38. 38. Action Plan with Results Framework. (incorporating promising actions already underway)
  39. 39. Joint Validation
  40. 40. Implementation with coordinated support from Government and partners</li></li></ul><li>SUN “EARLY RISER” COUNTRIES <br />FEBRUARY 2011<br />Bangladesh, <br />Ethiopia, <br />Ghana <br />Guatemala, <br />Malawi, <br />Mozambique, <br />Nepal, <br />Peru, <br />Senegal, <br />Tanzania, <br />Uganda <br />Zambia<br />ADDITIONAL<br />Benin<br />Haiti<br />Mali<br />Niger<br />Rwanda<br />Sierra Leone<br />INTERESTED<br />Afghanistan<br />Burkina Faso<br />Cambodia<br />Indonesia<br />Laos<br />Mauretania<br />Pakistan<br />
  41. 41. Current Transition Arrangements<br /><ul><li>Transition Team
  42. 42. (Backed by the Secretariat of the Standing Committee on Nutrition)
  43. 43. Task Forces
  44. 44. Country Support
  45. 45. Communications
  46. 46. Civil Society
  47. 47. Development Partners (Working Level and Senior Officials Group)
  48. 48. Private Sector
  49. 49. Monitoring and Reporting
  50. 50. Country Reference Group
  51. 51. UN Reference Group (SCN, REACH, FAO, WHO, UNICEF, WFP)
  52. 52. Stewardship Study</li></li></ul><li>Stocktake 2<br /><ul><li>5 Transition Team Meetings to date
  53. 53. Early Riser Country Reference Group being established
  54. 54. Reflecting the interests of National Focal Points
  55. 55. Taskforces fully engaged
  56. 56. Task Force A - Country Support (ensuring strong engagement of REACH, other international agencies, academic groups and….)
  57. 57. Task Force D – Development Partners (ensuring identity of DP conveners and supporters and links with national authroities)
  58. 58. Task Force F – Support for Monitoring and Reporting (ensuring national authorities and task forces get support on indicators, monitoring processes and development of comparable results framework)
  59. 59. Task Force C – Civil Society (ensuring national authorities get support on engagement of civil society)
  60. 60. Task Force E – Private Sector (ensuring that national authorities can access help on ways to bring in businesses)
  61. 61. Task Force B – Communications (ensuring that national authorities get support on messages, answers to FAQs, support for SUN champions)
  62. 62. UN System Reference Group in place
  63. 63. Ensuring cross UN engagement and synergy
  64. 64. All Task Forces Facilitated by SCN Secretariat </li></li></ul><li>PROGRESS IN 12 EARLY RISERS BY MID-APRIL 2011<br />
  65. 65. Stock-take April17th 2011<br />STOCK-TAKE MAY 3RD 2010<br /><ul><li>This is the first year of a three year process – a year for learning and adapting
  66. 66. Much greater interest than expected: 18 potential Early Risers
  67. 67. Intense activity (and challenges) in
  68. 68. Bangladesh [Multiple stakeholders: key role of Government]
  69. 69. Ethiopia [Questions re value of SUN Movement]
  70. 70. Malawi [High level commitment and much effort]
  71. 71. Niger [Protracted crisis: new government]
  72. 72. Nepal [Intense activity, government change]
  73. 73. Peru [Active national efforts: strength of donor engagement?]
  74. 74. Senegal [Strong health and social protection engagement]
  75. 75. Tanzania [Identity of Government Focal Point]
  76. 76. Uganda [Strong national multi-sectoral platform]
  77. 77. Zambia [Intense country-led action]</li></li></ul><li>LOOKING AHEAD<br />By End of 2011 there will be <br /><ul><li>Progress (against benchmarks) in at least 12 Early Risers
  78. 78. Agreed Results Frameworks – with Commitments from National Authorities and in-country development partners – in 5 countries
  79. 79. Concerted Implementation Underway in all of these
  80. 80. Identification of Critical Resource Gaps
  81. 81. Agreements on which development partner will help meet these gaps
  82. 82. Shared Ambition for realizing the results in coming two years</li></li></ul><li>IN COUNTRIES …….<br />
  83. 83. National Authorities with in-country local authority, civil society, business and scientific partners<br />Roles of Agriculture, Health, Social Welfare, Education, Relief, Employment, Gender… <br />
  84. 84. SUMMARY - SCALE UP NUTRITION<br />NATIONAL AUTHORITIES IN CHARGE <br />FOCUS ON RESULTS <br />COORDINATED SUPPORT FROM NETWORKS OF REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL STAKEHOLDERS <br />NOT AN INITIATIVE OR PROGRAMME: BUILDING ON EXISTING ACTIONS <br />

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