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  • 1. Scaling-Up Nutrition: IFAD’s contribution to Nutrition-sensitive Agriculture
    May 25th 2011
  • 2. 6
    I. Vision and History
    Part 1: The need to scale up efforts against rising under-nutrition in a coordinated multi-stakeholder approach
    Unsatisfactory progress towards MDG 1...
    ...calls for coordinated action
    Intention endorsed by 100+ organizations
    Rising number of undernourished people
    Millions
    1.050
    1.000
    950
    900
    850
    0
    2009
    2008
    2004–2006
    2002–2002
    1995–1997
    1990–1992
    Worldwide progress to MDG 1
    %children < 5 underweight
    -1% p.a.
    33%
    26%
    ∆ = 9.5%
    MDG 2015 target
    Source: The State of Food Insecurity in the World, FAO (2009), Value for 2009 is a projection; Millennium Development Goals Report, 2008 (2006 data)
  • 3. I. Vision and History
    Why we need to act now,...
    ...because:
    FOCUS: there is renewed international focus on human rights as a basis for economic, social and human development, and on addressing food and nutrition security within that framework
    EVIDENCE: there is abundant evidence on the impact of under-nutrition on infant and young child mortality and its largely irreversible long-term effects on intellectual, physical and social development as well as on health
    RECOGNITION: there is widespread recognition (“a burden of knowledge”) that a series of well-tested and low-cost interventions can protect the nutrition of vulnerable individuals and communities and benefit millions of individuals if incorporated into agriculture, social protection, health and educational programmes
    1
    2
    3
    September 2010
  • 4. Priority Responses for Scaling Up Nutrition
  • 5. Priority Responses for Scaling Up Nutrition
  • 6. Priority Responses for Scaling Up Nutrition
  • 7. EXAMPLES OF NUTRITION-SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS
    Definition: interventions that have nutritional improvement as the primary goal
    Outcomes:
    Ensuring that all women are in the best possible position to ensure optimum nutrition for themselves and their children (a) in pregnancy (b) when breastfeeding their children, and (c) when weaning their children – especially when children are ill and women face many demands on their time;
    Encouraging local markets to offer a nutritional diversity within food products (continuously available and accessible throughout the year with nutrients in a form tht is capable of being utilized) – through the implementation of appropriate agriculture and food policies;
    Ensuring that approprients nutrients are accessible and capable of being utilized through safety net programmes (whether food or cash based);
    Encouraging ante-natal nutrition, breast feeding, complementary feeding, hygiene, adequate vitamin and minerals; nutritional management of infections and therapeutic feeding for those who are affected by severe acute malnutrition (children, those with chroinic diseases etc) with special attention to at risk communities.
  • 8. NUTRITION SENSITIVE DEVELOPMENT
    Definition :Nutritional outcomes as a key goal of national development policies
    Outcomes:
    Ensuring optimal nutritional impact of all agriculture and food security programmes through research, action, close monitoring;
    Ensuirng optimal nutritional impact of social protection programmes and targeting of safety nets for vulnerable communities,
    Ensuing appropriate nutritonal focus within maternal, new-born and child health programmes,
    Incorporating nutritional considerations within child and adult education,
    Analyzing the nutritional impact of employment generation, rural development and emergency response programmes and taking action as appropriate
  • 9. Part 2: HOW AGRICULTURE IMPROVES NUTRITION
    3 purposes of Agriculture:
    Produce food for consumption
    Generate employment, income and support rural livelihoods
    Safeguard the environment
    Nutritional value chain:
    Production:
    increased quantity (DES) - availability, stability
    improved nutritional quality – variety, diversity and safety
    Preservation, storage, and processing – reduce losses in value and in nutritional quality along the chain
    Transportation and marketing
    Consumption - education
  • 10. FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY
    Embed nutrition into food security – “food and nutrition security” because:
    • ‘food security’ and ‘nutrition security’ are not the same thing
    • 11. adding nutrition emphasises nutrition is the ultimate goal
    • 12. ensures nutrition is not lost or forgotten by food economists
    • 13. not just calories but also food quality and dietary diversity
    • 14. considers both under and over nutrition
    • 15. unless we improve nutrition security, ending hunger and raising levels of nutrition will not be automatic
  • NARROWING THE “NUTRITION GAP”the gap between what foods are available and what foods are needed for a healthy diet
    Poor diets low in quantity, quality and variety lead to hunger and micro-nutrient deficiencies
    Increase production of staple foods – YES but at the same time...
    ...ensure local availability of the right mix of foods (dietary diversity) in all seasons
    ...ensure consumption of such diets through consumer education for informed choices
    ...establish collaboration with social protection programmes that reach the poorest and most marginalized groups
  • 16. NARROWING THE “NUTRITION GAP” IN SPECIFIC FOOD SYSTEMS...
    Root and tuber systems in West Africa
    selectively breed cassava to improve nutrient content; boost red palm oil production (vitamin A rich) and animal foods
    Rice systems in Asia
    introduce low-input short duration dry season crops (mung and soy bean, oil seed); integrated aquaculture/horticulture; agricultural extension-based nutrition education
    Maize and bean systems in Central America
    increase trash fish consumption; intercropping of maize, beans and legumes (milpa system); greenhouse production of fruits and vegetables; nutrition education
  • 17. SUMMARY
    Nutrition-sensitive agriculture means give a focus to:
    • people, to farmers and their families not just to farms or pharmacies
    • 18. quality and diversity of food not just to quantity
    • 19. the consumption of food not just to production
    And speak of Food and Nutrition Security
    • so we do not forget about nutrition
    • 20. and we integrate nutrition into agriculture and food security policies and programmes
  • INCREASED INCORPORATION OF NUTRITION-SENSITIVITY INTO IFAD’S AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY WORK
     1 Examine the IFAD portfolio in one or more countries within the context of existing information about the determinants of both under- and over-nutrition;
     
    2 Look at this portfolio within the context of national policies for food and nutrition security and the work of other development partners including the World Bank and regional MDBs;
     
    3 Consider appropriate indicators for IFAD’s work – either on its own, or (ideally perhaps) within the context of national plans for food security and nutrition (and, where relevant, national contributions to the SUN movement);
     
    4 Develop concepts for how IFAD programme managers might wish to adjust their patters of support at country level so that they can contribute (directly, or through leverage) to better nutritional outcomes;
     
    5 Consider how this impact might be monitored and reported.
  • 21. II. The Road Map
    PART 3: THE SUN MOVEMENT - STAKEHOLDER COORDINATION ON ALL LEVELS
    People
    "...Coordination of stakeholders to encourage synergy of purpose and complementarity of action"
    Action at country level
    Know how andcapacity
    development
    Global support
    functions
    Financingpathways
    Business Community
    Government
    (lead)
    Research Community
    UN System
    Civil Society
    Donors
    NGOs
    Governance
  • 22. II. The Road Map
    A STEP CHANGE REQUIRES BOTH JOINT WORKING AND EVIDENCE-BASED ACTIONS
    People
    Robust decisions with evidence-based action
    Shared vision with joint working
    • Move the numbers
    • 23. Pursue detailed stock-tacking and mapping
    • 24. Set clear targets
    • 25. Mobilize sufficient funds
    • 26. Continuously track progress
    • 27. Encourage mutual respect, confidence and trust
    • 28. Minimize potential conflicts of interest
    • 29. Generate excitement for a common goal
    • 30. Work together towards this goal with a common code of conduct
    Robustdecisions
    Joint working
    Within a human rights framework
  • 31. SUN ROAD MAP: BENCHMARKS FOR COUNTRY ENGAGEMENT
    • Request from National Authorities
    • 32. From Office of Head of Government, Planning Commission, or designated Line Ministry.
    • 33. National Focal Point identified.
    • 34. Active “Champion” to convene Development Partners
    • 35. In Country Consultations underway via multi-stakeholder platform and process
    • 36. Nutrition Policy in place and being pursued
    • 37. Stock-takes of actions and intentions underway
    • 38. Action Plan with Results Framework. (incorporating promising actions already underway)
    • 39. Joint Validation
    • 40. Implementation with coordinated support from Government and partners
  • SUN “EARLY RISER” COUNTRIES
    FEBRUARY 2011
    Bangladesh,
    Ethiopia,
    Ghana
    Guatemala,
    Malawi,
    Mozambique,
    Nepal,
    Peru,
    Senegal,
    Tanzania,
    Uganda
    Zambia
    ADDITIONAL
    Benin
    Haiti
    Mali
    Niger
    Rwanda
    Sierra Leone
    INTERESTED
    Afghanistan
    Burkina Faso
    Cambodia
    Indonesia
    Laos
    Mauretania
    Pakistan
  • 41. Current Transition Arrangements
    • Transition Team
    • 42. (Backed by the Secretariat of the Standing Committee on Nutrition)
    • 43. Task Forces
    • 44. Country Support
    • 45. Communications
    • 46. Civil Society
    • 47. Development Partners (Working Level and Senior Officials Group)
    • 48. Private Sector
    • 49. Monitoring and Reporting
    • 50. Country Reference Group
    • 51. UN Reference Group (SCN, REACH, FAO, WHO, UNICEF, WFP)
    • 52. Stewardship Study
  • Stocktake 2
    • 5 Transition Team Meetings to date
    • 53. Early Riser Country Reference Group being established
    • 54. Reflecting the interests of National Focal Points
    • 55. Taskforces fully engaged
    • 56. Task Force A - Country Support (ensuring strong engagement of REACH, other international agencies, academic groups and….)
    • 57. Task Force D – Development Partners (ensuring identity of DP conveners and supporters and links with national authroities)
    • 58. Task Force F – Support for Monitoring and Reporting (ensuring national authorities and task forces get support on indicators, monitoring processes and development of comparable results framework)
    • 59. Task Force C – Civil Society (ensuring national authorities get support on engagement of civil society)
    • 60. Task Force E – Private Sector (ensuring that national authorities can access help on ways to bring in businesses)
    • 61. Task Force B – Communications (ensuring that national authorities get support on messages, answers to FAQs, support for SUN champions)
    • 62. UN System Reference Group in place
    • 63. Ensuring cross UN engagement and synergy
    • 64. All Task Forces Facilitated by SCN Secretariat
  • PROGRESS IN 12 EARLY RISERS BY MID-APRIL 2011
  • 65. Stock-take April17th 2011
    STOCK-TAKE MAY 3RD 2010
    • This is the first year of a three year process – a year for learning and adapting
    • 66. Much greater interest than expected: 18 potential Early Risers
    • 67. Intense activity (and challenges) in
    • 68. Bangladesh [Multiple stakeholders: key role of Government]
    • 69. Ethiopia [Questions re value of SUN Movement]
    • 70. Malawi [High level commitment and much effort]
    • 71. Niger [Protracted crisis: new government]
    • 72. Nepal [Intense activity, government change]
    • 73. Peru [Active national efforts: strength of donor engagement?]
    • 74. Senegal [Strong health and social protection engagement]
    • 75. Tanzania [Identity of Government Focal Point]
    • 76. Uganda [Strong national multi-sectoral platform]
    • 77. Zambia [Intense country-led action]
  • LOOKING AHEAD
    By End of 2011 there will be
    • Progress (against benchmarks) in at least 12 Early Risers
    • 78. Agreed Results Frameworks – with Commitments from National Authorities and in-country development partners – in 5 countries
    • 79. Concerted Implementation Underway in all of these
    • 80. Identification of Critical Resource Gaps
    • 81. Agreements on which development partner will help meet these gaps
    • 82. Shared Ambition for realizing the results in coming two years
  • IN COUNTRIES …….
  • 83. National Authorities with in-country local authority, civil society, business and scientific partners
    Roles of Agriculture, Health, Social Welfare, Education, Relief, Employment, Gender…
  • 84. SUMMARY - SCALE UP NUTRITION
    NATIONAL AUTHORITIES IN CHARGE
    FOCUS ON RESULTS
    COORDINATED SUPPORT FROM NETWORKS OF REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL STAKEHOLDERS
    NOT AN INITIATIVE OR PROGRAMME: BUILDING ON EXISTING ACTIONS