0
Combining paid work and family care-giving in Poland                 Jolanta Perek-Białas Institute of Statistics and Demo...
Four possible situations                                                          CARE                                    ...
Main issue       This is important to think about conflict between        increased employment rate of workers (female) a...
How it is organized and what arepreferences?       Polish society with its traditional family model considers        care...
Adult population who feel that dependent elderlypeople have to rely too much on their relativesSource: Health and long-ter...
Family vs. institutions       The importance of the family as the primary caregivers        and the location of care in t...
Attitudes regarding care for the        Source: Health and long-term care in the European Union,elderly Special Eurobarome...
Availability and access to nursinghomes Source: Health and long-term care TNS Opinion & Social, 2007       Eurobarometer 2...
WORK or/and CARE                                                  Working care                                            ...
Share of women and men who provide care forpersons aged 60 and more by age (% of persons inage group)         Source: see...
Social policy context   Current situation: so far exisiting standard measures    including some financial allowonces and ...
Working caregiver perspective                      VW project
Typical conflicts at work   Lack of concentration and constant “thinking” of the    care   Tiredness and stress, worsene...
Typical conflicts in private life   Lack of time „for everything”   Conflicts with family members (very often with sibli...
Dimensions of help/support  Help with the care            Help to the carer (e.g exemption („sharing” care tasks)         ...
Support measures received by ourworking carers                         WORK – occasional & emergency                      ...
Successful strategies                             Family:                               „networking”            Instrum...
Some needs and expectations   Towards different state stakeholders:       System of information       Daily care center...
Not working caregiver perspective        Balance of Human Capital Survey, 2011
NOT able to WORK because of CARE    7% of respondents is saying that it makes difficult to find a     job because of a ne...
Employers perspective             ASPA project
Disruption from care responsibilitiesHow often do family elder care responsibilities (e.g. towards parents, parents-in-law...
Work – care options   (occasionally/often)   1.    Abseentism/Sick leave                                 - 46.9%   2.    R...
Some recommendations
General recommendations1. Various, tailored and adequate solutions of helpingemployed who have to work and care 2. More pu...
More concrete recommendations forreconciliation work and care    Introduction flexible forms of work (ie. different hours...
More detailed recommendations forreconciliation work and care    remuneration for the persons caring for their old     re...
ReferencesActivating Senior Potentials in Ageing Europehttp://www.aspa-eu.com/ 28                 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Wa...
References    Carers@Work    Between Job and Care: Conflict or Opportunity?    A Strategy for Securing Sustainable Futu...
THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION!     jolanta.perek-bialas@uj.edu.pl30           Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of            ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

3 perek.bialas-praga perek-bialas_30.05.2012 to give

475

Published on

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
475
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "3 perek.bialas-praga perek-bialas_30.05.2012 to give"

  1. 1. Combining paid work and family care-giving in Poland Jolanta Perek-Białas Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics Institute of Sociology, Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland IFA, Prague, Czech Republic 30.05.2012 1 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  2. 2. Four possible situations CARE YES NO WORK YES Usually full time Not popular in PL working and caring as primary carer NO Not active – on Not popular in PL retirement – the consequnces of early exit from the labour market More problems for familiesDominant in the future Dominant in the past and still at present Less or even no problems for the state! 2 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  3. 3. Main issue This is important to think about conflict between increased employment rate of workers (female) and increased need for giving a care to older family members – solutions? There is a need to think not only on macro organization of health care system but as well on mezo and micro level in these countries beyond the health care systems (regional differences) 3 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  4. 4. How it is organized and what arepreferences? Polish society with its traditional family model considers care of a dependant older persons to be an obligation of a society and of primary importance to the wellbeing of seniors. Different surveys show that the majority of society (like in the study of Kotowska 2008 as much as 90 %) think that the care of older people should be the duty of their children or other relatives (respectively 80%). 4
  5. 5. Adult population who feel that dependent elderlypeople have to rely too much on their relativesSource: Health and long-term care in the European Union, Special Eurobarometer 283/Wave 67.3 – TNS Opinion & Social, 2007 (selected countries) 5 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  6. 6. Family vs. institutions The importance of the family as the primary caregivers and the location of care in the household of the care recipients is undoubtful in opposition to the institutionalized care. The study of Eurofamcare showed that 87% of respondents - carers declared that they would not place the older person in a care home institution under any circumstances. Only 11% would consider such an option if the condition of the person they cared for would worsen (Czekanowski 2006: 105). 6
  7. 7. Attitudes regarding care for the Source: Health and long-term care in the European Union,elderly Special Eurobarometer 283/ Wave 67.3 – TNS Opinion & Social, 2007 (selected countries) 7 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  8. 8. Availability and access to nursinghomes Source: Health and long-term care TNS Opinion & Social, 2007 Eurobarometer 283/ Wave 67.3 – in the European Union, Special (selected countries) 8 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  9. 9. WORK or/and CARE Working care giver (VW project)Employers(ASPA project) Not working persons who need to take care (Human Balance Capital) 9 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  10. 10. Share of women and men who provide care forpersons aged 60 and more by age (% of persons inage group) Source: seePraca a obowiązki 2005, p. 39 and as well Szatur- Jaworska, Rysz-Kowalczyk 200710
  11. 11. Social policy context Current situation: so far exisiting standard measures including some financial allowonces and access to nursing services and nursing homes  i.e. 14 days of paid leave per year if someone is employed Proposal: nursing insurance – initiative of the MP (leading party) and a group of experts – so called „Green book” launched in September 2010
  12. 12. Working caregiver perspective VW project
  13. 13. Typical conflicts at work Lack of concentration and constant “thinking” of the care Tiredness and stress, worsened physical condition (e.g spine aches) Hindrance or limitation to their professional careers or working opportunities (taking part in trainings, conferneces, etc) Changes to organization/hours of work („bringing work home”, re-arranging work schedule, need to take a sick leave) Lack of possibility for additional income The self – employed : fewer conflicts, reconciliation easier 21 persons reported „no impact” on work
  14. 14. Typical conflicts in private life Lack of time „for everything” Conflicts with family members (very often with siblings) Everyday stress, hassle Depression Health deterioration Abandonment of social life, limited possibility for relax and leisure activities
  15. 15. Dimensions of help/support Help with the care Help to the carer (e.g exemption („sharing” care tasks) from other household duties) Help on everyday Occasional/emergency basis help Active help (with caring tasks) Psychological help Financial help
  16. 16. Support measures received by ourworking carers WORK – occasional & emergency • No formal regulations, only informal agreements with line managers • Co-workers as „potential substitution” at work STATE - everyday basis HEALTHTHIRD • Home carers (co-financed by the families of the elderly) CARESECTOR SYSTEM • Financial subsidy FAMILY – everyday basis & emergency & occasional FRIENDS, • spouse and children NEIGHBOURS • extended family (including financial support)
  17. 17. Successful strategies  Family:  „networking” Instrumental  „supplementing” strategies  „linking method”  Logistics and good organization  Time out (leisure, sports)  Stress management/positive Psychologic thinking  Work as balance al strategies  Thinking ahead
  18. 18. Some needs and expectations Towards different state stakeholders:  System of information  Daily care centers, especially in rural area  Increase number of hours of formal carers  Possibility to have support in case of emergency Towards employers:  Work from home  Flexible working hours Towards civil society:  Creating social networks (neighbouring support at local leven needed)
  19. 19. Not working caregiver perspective Balance of Human Capital Survey, 2011
  20. 20. NOT able to WORK because of CARE 7% of respondents is saying that it makes difficult to find a job because of a need to take care of older family member Mostly:  Women (~70%)  rural and cities between 100-199 th (13.6%)  45-54 (31.5%)  Married/partners  Education Source: Human Capital Balance Survey, 2011, 2nd Wave 20 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  21. 21. Employers perspective ASPA project
  22. 22. Disruption from care responsibilitiesHow often do family elder care responsibilities (e.g. towards parents, parents-in-law etc.)disrupt the daily work of older employees (50-plus)?90,080,070,060,050,040,030,020,010,0 0,0 Never Occasionally Often Men WomenSource: ASPA project, own calculation for selected countries, sample size of PL = 1044 22 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  23. 23. Work – care options (occasionally/often) 1. Abseentism/Sick leave - 46.9% 2. Reduce working hours - 28.2% 3. Retire early - 24% 4. Give up working - 9.5% 5. Increase working hours - 9.5%Q: Employees cope differently with the combination of work and family elder care responsibilities. Tobalance work and care, how often do older employees (50-plus) choose to ... Source: ASPA project, own calculation for selected countries, sample size of PL = 1044 23 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  24. 24. Some recommendations
  25. 25. General recommendations1. Various, tailored and adequate solutions of helpingemployed who have to work and care 2. More public debate with various actors to implementvarious measures3. More education and information to explain what could bedone to help working caregivers 25
  26. 26. More concrete recommendations forreconciliation work and care Introduction flexible forms of work (ie. different hours) special leaves of absence and allowances (the risk that the idea is great but who can finance it?) support in care giving obligations (NGO’s) special bonuses from employers (ie. financial and as well additional help) 26
  27. 27. More detailed recommendations forreconciliation work and care remuneration for the persons caring for their old relatives enabling non-full time employment assuring (by the State) public services for the care givers organization of trainings and workshops dealing with the practical problems of caring for an older person social actions promoting family bonds and raising awareness about the duties towards elderly parents 27
  28. 28. ReferencesActivating Senior Potentials in Ageing Europehttp://www.aspa-eu.com/ 28 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  29. 29. References Carers@Work Between Job and Care: Conflict or Opportunity? A Strategy for Securing Sustainable Future Care and Productivity Potentials in an Ageing Society - A European ComparisonProject with J. Stypińska at the JagiellonianUniversity, Cracow, Polandhttp://www.carersatwork.tu-dortmund.de/en/index.php 29
  30. 30. THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION! jolanta.perek-bialas@uj.edu.pl30 Jolanta Perek-Bialas, Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×