Carers of working age: experience in Great BritainProfessor Sue YeandleCIRCLECentre for International Research on Care, Labour & EqualitiesUniversity of LeedsInternational Federation on Ageing Conference 2012Panel: Care and Support for Caregivers
Males 25 Females 20 % who provide unpaid care 15Carers of 10working age: 5 0Great Britain 5-15 16-24 25-34 35-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-74 75-84 85-90 90+ Women Men Women Men All Number number % % %All carers of 2,419,957 1,845,754 57 43 100working age 100% 100%Caring 1-19 1,680,528 1,359,269 55 45 100hours pw 70% 74%Caring 20-49 285,523 192,896 60 40 100hours pw 12% 10%Caring 50+ 453,906 293,589 61 39 100hours pw 19% 16% Source: 2001 Census Standard Tables, Crown Copyright.
Carers in 3% employment 5% Employee PT Female carers of 27% working age 21% 60% by economic activity Employee FT status, GB 29% Self-employed PT 3% 3% 3% Self-employed FT 3% 3% Unemployed Early retired Student Looking after home/ family Permanently sick/ disabled Other Carers in employment 2% 7% Employee PT 4% Male carers of working age Employee FT by economic 5% 74% 54% activity status, 3% GB Self-employed PT 6% 3% Self-employed FT 12% 4%Source: 2001 Census SARs,Crown copyright Unemployed Early retired Student Looking after home/ family Permanently sick/ disabled Other
Source: 2001 Census SARs, Crown Copyright 2004. This workis based on the SARs provided through the Centre for Censusand Survey Research of the University of Manchester with thesupport of ESRC and JISC Percentage of people of working age in employment 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 No care Male Full-time Female full-time 1-19 hours 20-49 hours Male Part-time Female part-time Employees whose health is not good by 50+ hours employment status and caring responsibilities
Milestones: services that work for carers Local carers centres – informal network of 280 centres now offers support of different types in many parts of the country Carers Strategies 1999, 2008, 2010 – official recognition of carers’ contribution and identification of their needs for support and flexibility Carers’ Assessments – from 2000 the legal entitlement of carers supporting someone with recognised care needs Breaks and Respite – offered to some carers in all local authorities Planning for emergencies/carer absence: many schemes introduced, recognising real issues in carers’ lives Carers Grant Funding to local authorities from 2001 – spending on programmes to promote innovations in carer support through engagement with voluntary sector agencies and the involvement of carers Modernisation and personalisation of social care - through Direct Payments / Individual Budgets, some carers have gained more control over their own lives. 33,000 carers had a DP to help them stay in work in 2009-10
Milestones: carers’ rights and entitlements to date1985 ECJ Ruling, following Rules adjusted so that married women and men become entitled test case to claim Invalid Care Allowance, previously only payable to single women carers - can be claimed by low-paid employed people1995 Carers (Recognition Introduced the concept of a Carer’s Assessment, to identify carers’ and Services) Act own needs for support in connection with their caring role1999 Employment Gave all employees the right to ‘reasonable time off’ to deal with Relations Act family emergencies2000 Carers and Disabled Gave carers the right to an assessment of their own needs, Children Act allowing them to receive services in their own right, and in applicable cases offering parents of disabled children direct payments to manage on their child’s behalf.2002 Employment Act Established the right to request flexible working arrangements for employed parents of disabled children under the age of 182004 Carers (Equal Placed a duty on local authorities to inform carers of their rights Opportunities) Act and to consider their wishes regarding education, training and employment when conducting Carers Assessments.2006 Work & Families Act Extended the right to request flexible working arrangements to many carers providing regular and substantial care (after 6 months in employment).2010 Equality Act following Made discrimination in association with a disabled 6 ECJ ruling, test case person illegal