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2 kay-local government and ageing in different environments final


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  • 1. Local Government andAgeing in differentenvironmentsPresentation to International Federationon Ageing ConferencePrague May 2012Margaret KaySenior Policy Officer, Ageing and DisabilityDr Peter Phibbs, Dr Elizabeth O’BrienUniversity of Western Sydney
  • 2. OutlineClimate and Local Government1. Local Government and Ageing project2. Older people on the move3. Effects of extreme climates on older people & Council responses: • Sea level rises • Flash flood • Bush fire • Heat wave • Drought
  • 3. 1. Local Government and Ageing project
  • 4. Local Government and AgeingProject• Funded by Ageing, Disability and Home Care, NSW Government 2010• Partner with Local Government and Shires Associations NSW• 11 rural councils• 9 metropolitan councils
  • 5. What NSW councils do NSW: • 152 councils – Ranging in size from 5 km2 to 53,000 km2 – Populations from 1,400 to 284,000 Council is: • Service provider • Planner, regulator • Manager of built and natural environment • Community advocate
  • 6. Project aims• social and economic contribution of older people• identify the magnitude of costs for Local Government of an ageing population• financial impact• range of council services affected• potential impacts on council’s revenue raising capacity
  • 7. FindingsValue of older people as community membersCouncils are expected to provide:• Community transport• Footpaths, paths for mobility scooters• Bus shelters (weather protection)• Services nearby• Facilities for visiting populations
  • 8. Climate, councils and ageing• Good climate = – Older people as travellers – Grey nomads need infrastructure – Retirement lifestyles - sea/tree change• Extreme climate = – Older People’s care in extremes – Engineering solutions compete with age friendliness
  • 9. 2. Older people on the move
  • 10. Climate for lifestyle andtourism – NSW north coast
  • 11. Grey nomads
  • 12. Casino RV village NSW
  • 13. Sea and tree changeLIFESTYLE CHOICES• Sea change =move to coast• Tree change =move to countryside
  • 14. Pressures on councils• Population ages• Pressures on council services: – garbage collection – community transport – community care – cemeteries
  • 15. 3. Effects of extreme climates on older people & council responses
  • 16. My Country• ..I love a sunburnt country, A land of sweeping plains, Of ragged mountain ranges, Of droughts and flooding rains. I love her far horizons, I love her jewel-sea, Her beauty and her terror - The wide brown land for me! Dorothea Mackellar (1885 - 1968)•
  • 17. Challenge for councilsIn NSW, councils deal with a range of events:• Sea level rises• Flash flood• Bush fire• Heat wave• Drought
  • 18. Council responses• Planning and building controls• Engineering and road works• Council facilities• Health support• Social support
  • 19. Sea level rises
  • 20. Rising sea level• 85% Australians live near coast
  • 21. • 60,000 homes in NSW affected by 1.1 m sealevel rise = $18.7 billion (Climate Commission 2011)
  • 22. Coastal erosion
  • 23. Council response – coastalmanagement policy• Sea walls, groynes, sand pumping• Planned retreat policies• Planning certificate notifications• Coastal management fee• Council may be liable for future damages
  • 24. Sea level rise issues for olderpeople• Right to protect individual property• Housing Security• Fees?• Insurance premiums• Modifications?• Caravan park dwellers
  • 25. Flash flood
  • 26. Flash flood Broken Hill• 10 mm in 2 hours• Winds 70 km/hr• Hail• Lightning• Power cuts in 6,000 homes
  • 27. Flash flood Broken Hill
  • 28. Council response – levee bank
  • 29. High kerbs
  • 30. Flood issues for older people• Health – Mosquitoes – Water quality – Sewerage overflow – Mould – asthma• Pedestrian access difficult with high kerbs• Isolation – food services – care
  • 31. Services- meals on wheels• Oats afloat?• Toast in a boat• Tea at sea? Canterbury, NSW Meals On Wheels
  • 32. Bushfire
  • 33. Bushfire• Increase in very high fire danger days• 2002, 100+homes destroyed(Joint Select Committee on Bushfires 2002)
  • 34. Dean Street in Long Gully, west of Bendigo WikipediaKu-ring-gai Council
  • 35. Council response – safer places Ku-ring-gai Council Rural Fire Service NSW
  • 36. Bushfire issues for older people• Residential aged care – edges of towns• Isolation• Dangerous behaviours – gutters• Breathing difficulties
  • 37. Heat wave
  • 38. Council responses - plans• Warnings• Local government heatwave plan• Information on health risks and prevention• Safe public places that are air conditioned such as libraries, movie theatres, council buildings
  • 39. Heat wave issues for older people• Power failure• Heat stroke• Affect on medications and life equipment• Dehydration – toilet stops• Living alone or homeless• Death
  • 40. Lake Macquarie Council, NSW Health Victoria
  • 41. Stay cool www.popbitch .com
  • 42. Drought
  • 43. Drought• 1997 – 2009• 2003 worst on record CSIRO BOM 2008 Drought Exceptional circumstances
  • 44. Council response - water• Trucking in water in some rural areas• Water saving rules• Emergency pipeline• Social supports for isolated farmers - outreach
  • 45. Drought issues for older people• Rural population is ageing at a faster rate• Exhaustion• Selling farms processes complicated• Hospitalisations due to stress• Social isolation of aged farmers• Water restrictions• Water quality
  • 46. Council and climatefor older people• Respond to locals and tourists• Infrastructure• Information• Support and capacity building in climatic extremesReport: /0005/250826/20_OBrien_and_Phibbs_2011 _Local_Govt_Ageing.pdf