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    1 luoma-avow ifa12-luomal_final 1 luoma-avow ifa12-luomal_final Presentation Transcript

    • • TÄHÄN KUVA Mira Koivusilta | Nordic Congress on Gerontology | Reykjavik | 2 June 2010 1
    • ABUSE AND VIOLENCE AGAINST OLDER WOMEN: PREVALENCE AND QUALITY OF LIFE Luoma Minna-Liisa, De Donder Liesbeth, Lang Gert ,Tamutiene Ilona, Ferreira Alves José, Perttu Sirkka, Penhale Bridget23/07/2012 2
    • Prevalence study of Abuse and Violence against Older Women AVOW Research project that aimed to – conduct prevalence research on violence against older women in the home setting, – demonstrate patterns of violence and, – develop a tool for harmonized and comparable surveying.23/07/2012 Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 3
    • Prevalence study of Abuse and Violence against Older Women AVOW• Partners: – National Institute for Health and Welfare (Finland) (coordinator) – Research Institute of the Red Cross (Austria) – Vrije Universiteit Brussels (Belgium) – Vytautas Magnus University (Lithuania) – University of Minho (Portugal)• Daphne III programme funding (EU)• 2 years: April 2009 to April 201123/07/2012 Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 4
    • Research questions1. What is the prevalence rate of domestic violence and abuse against older women?2. Are there patterns of violence and abuse against older women?3. Who are the perpetrators?4. Which older women are at higher risk for violence and abuse? Which risk factors are most important in explaining the occurrence of elder abuse?5. What are the individual consequences on quality of life Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012
    • Types of elder abuse – Physical – Psychological – Sexual – Financial – Neglect – Violation of personal rights
    • Methodology• Questionnaire – Standard questions + national questions – QOL The EUROHIS QOL –Scale• Sample – Older women, living at home – Aged between 60 and 97 – Data gathered in 2010• Statistical methods – T-test was used to measure differences on quality of life between abused and non abused elderly.
    • Methodology Number of respondents Data collectionAustria 593 Telephone Postal +Belgium 436 additional face to face (75+)Finland 687 PostalLithuania 515 Face to facePortugal 649 PostalTotal 2880 /
    • Results: Overall abuse % Austria 23.8 Belgium 32.0 Finland 24.7 Lithuania 21.8 Portugal 39.4 Total 28.1
    • Results: Types of abuse
    • Perpetrators• In most cases, perpetrators of emotional abuse, financial abuse, sexual abuse and violation of rights were the women’s partners or spouses.• The exception to this was in relation to neglect, where in most cases older women were abused by their adult children or children-in-law.23/07/2012 Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 11
    • Intensity of violence• 7.6% of older women had experienced one single form of abuse, but infrequently.• 13.5% had experienced several forms of abuse, but infrequently.• 1.2% had experienced one single form of abuse very often.• 5.8% had experienced multiple forms of abuse very often.23/07/2012 Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 12
    • Results: Quality of life• Subjective assessment by using The EUROHIS QOL – Subjective health – Ability to perform “daily living activities” – Satisfaction about themselves – Financial situation – Social relationships – Condition of living space Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012
    • Quality of Life and Types of Abuse Neglect Emotional Financial Physical Sexual Violation Overall abuse abuse abuse abuse of right abuseNo 3.74 (0.67)* 3.80 (0.68)* 3.72 (0.68)* 3.72 (0.68)* 3.72 (0.69)* 3.73 (0.68)* 3.80 (0.67)*Yes 3.00 (0.67)* 3.50 (0.61)* 3.00 (0.78)* 3.00 (0.78)* 3.30 (0.81)* 3.27 (0.74)* 3.49 (0.70)* Finnish population based reference value 3,90 (0,25) Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 14
    • After abuse• Most common effects of violence and abuse were tension, anger, hatred and feelings of powerlessness.• Nearly half of the abused women (44.7%) talked about the most serious incident with somebody they knew or reported it to an official agency.• In Portugal and Lithuania, however, only a quarter of the abused women talked about the incident with anyone else.• The majority of older women talked with nobody about the abusive incidents. Mostly women thought the incident was too trivial or that nobody could do anything about it.23/07/2012 Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 15
    • 7/23/2012 Mira Koivusilta 16
    • Lessons learned • Policy: Development of guidelines, risk mapping tools and screening instruments can facilitate coordinate action against the abuse of older women and should be initiated on EU level. • Practice: raise awareness about elder abuse: prevalence rates are high and more than half of the mistreated women do not report or talk about the incident. • Adequate assessment tools and routine inquiry about violence and abuse are needed. • Increase disclosure and detection: Information about existing interventions for abuse, the services offered and about the rights of older victims should be made widely available.23/07/2012 Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 17
    • Lessons learned… II• Improve the efficiency of the interventions:• The multifaceted nature of abuse must be considered in the development of case management approaches.• Importance of tackling partner violence in later life should be highlighted.• Older adults should be included in the development of appropriate responses to abuse.23/07/2012 Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 18
    • For more information • www.thl.fi/avow • Methods: literature reviews mapping the existing research and both postal surveys and personal-visit interviews. The study was funded by EU’s Daphne III programme.23/07/2012 Minna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 19
    • Thank you! minna-liisa.luoma@thl.fi www.thl.fi/avowMinna-Liisa Luoma | IFA2012 30 May 2012 20