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  • 1. “Strengthening links between policy andresearch to promote quality of life and active ageing in Russia: challenges and benefits” Olga N. Mikhailova, Ph.D. St. Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • 2. MADRID INTERNATIONAL PLAN OF ACTION ON AGEINGThe Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA) was adopted at the Second World Assembly on Ageing, which took place inMadrid on April 8-12, 2002 Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 3. “Demography is a simple science. It hasonly three variables: mortality, fertilityand population flows”, claims J. Chamie,director of the UN Population Division.But those variables touch on the “basicfundamentals of human existence”. Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 4. POPULATION OF RUSSIA AND ECOSOC PROGNOSIS (MEDIUM VARIANT) 150 Population (million people) 120 90 148,5 142,7 141,9 129,2 111,8 60 30 30,8 36,2 23,9 24,7 25,2 0 1 2 3 4 5 1991 2005 2010 2025 2050People aged 60+ Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 5. POPULATION OF RUSSIA OVER WORKING AGE* 50 30% 27% 25,70% 23,60% 25% 40 % of total population 39,13 21,70% 22% 36,94 21,20% 20,40% 20,30% 20,30% 20,40% 20,60% 20,90% 32,38 20% 30,73 31,26 29,88 29,67 30,14 30 29,26 29,16 29,11 29,35 15% 20 10% Number of people over working age 10 5% 0 0% 2001 2004 2005 2006 1 2 3 4 2007 2008 5 6 2009 2010 2011 2015 7 8 9 10 2020 2025 11 12* Ministry of Social Development, 2008 Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 6. DEMOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE Per every 1,000 prs of working age there were: 2007 – 326 prs over the working age 2010 - 347 prs over the working age 24.6 % In 2021 life expectancy for the whole population 2021 will be 71.8 years, of which it will be: 66.2 years for men and 77.3 years for women.The proportion of people over theworking age in the total population of the country Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 7. "In Africa, it is said that when an old man dies, a library disappears.” United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan Second World Assembly on Ageing Madrid, Spain 8 -12 April 2002Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 8. During the past few decades the Russianreality regarding the ageing has radically changed. Today we are in need of experts,possessing high professional competencein all areas of ageing issues management and responsibility. Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 9. MAJOR ELEMENTS FOR BUILDING NATIONAL CAPACITY IN AGEING I. International Infrastructure II. Human RecoursesIII. Policy Development including Mainstreaming IV. Research data collection and analysis IV. Financial Resource Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences 9
  • 10. INSTITUTIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND MINISTRY OF EDUCATION SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND SCIENCE REGIONAL LEVEL HEALTH COMMITTEES FOR COMMITTEE FOR COMMITTEE FOR COMMITTEES SOCIAL POLICY SCIENCE EDUCATIONMAIN SPECIALIST INGERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS IN SPB Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 11. GERONTOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF THE RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (RGS)2510 membersPresident – Prof. V.N. AnisimovVice-President – Prof. V. Kh. Khavinson 46 REGIONAL BRANCHES Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 12. EDUCATION IN GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS IN RUSSIA• Educational and training activities play a foremost role in a capacity-building effort. Today a course of gerontology and geriatrics is given at 12 leading institutions of Russia.• The RGS and SPb Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology initiated the process of establishing a scientific specialty “Gerontology and Geriatrics” in Russia, it was introduced into the official list of specialties in 2001.Nowadays there are 4 Dissertation councils in:1. Russian Research Institute of Gerontology (Moscow)2. St. Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology (Saint Petersburg)3. Research Centre on Clinical and Experimental Medicine (Novosibirsk)4. Samara State Medical University (Samara) Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 13. INTERNATIONAL SCHOOLS IN GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICSORGANIZED BY THE INIA SATELLITECENTRE IN ST. PETERSBURG:• The International Institute on Ageing – United Nations, Malta• Russian Gerontological Society• St. Petersburg Municipal Medico-Social Geriatric Centre• St.Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 14. EDUCATING THE POLITICAL LEADERSabout population ageing is a critical priority forpolicy initiatives. Most nations need to rethink employment, education and income maintenance policies in light of increasing demands for and by older workers for meaningful jobs. (Olshanski, Rattan, et.al.; 2011) Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 15. TRAINING SEMINARS FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL POLICY IN AGEING 2008-2011 UN ECOSOC UNFPA REGIONAL UN COMMISSIONS 10 SEMINARS IN ALL WORLD REGIONS Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences 15
  • 16. UN WORKSHOP On policy formulation, planning,implementation and monitoring of the MIPAA for Eastern Europe and Middle Asia Saint Petersburg December, 2008 Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 17. PROGRAMME “Prevention of age-related pathology and expanding healthy period of life for the population of Russia”OBJECTIVE: to improve health and quality of life, to extent the period of able-bodied life of elderly people, as well as to enhance the economic effectiveness of utilization of labor resources due to decreased morbidity and disability and premature death rates Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 18. INTERNATIONAL FORUM “SENIOR GENERATION” International Congress “Social Adaptation, Assistance and Elderly Health in Present-day Society” Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 19. “SENIOR GENERATION” FORUM• International congress: “Social adaptation, support and health of elderly people in modern society”• Exhibition “Care, aid and assistance”• Exhibition and trade-fair “Everything for the health”• Master-classes in arts and crafts (Textile painting, beads plaiting, knitting, floristics, patchwork, stroke painting, souvenirs made of birch bark, etc.) Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 20. PRIORITY NATIONAL PROJECT “EDUCATION” THIRD AGE UNIVERSITIES Basic computer Creative Sports skills departments departments Health improvement initiatives→ established in more than one half of all regions of Russia→ educational programs to about 10,000 ‘senior’ students per year Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 21. “SILVER AGE” - UNIVERSITY FOR THE ELDERLY Since 2007 over than 3000 people “graduated” from the University Moscow – Saint Petersburg – Samara – Novosibirsk – Kazan – Nizhny Novgorod – Kursk – SochiMAIN IDEA: involvement of the older population in active social lifeOBJECTIVES: 1. adaptation of old people to the modern life 2. providing opportunities for self- realization of old people 3. socializing of old people Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 22. PC USAGE SKILLS TRAININGS Conducted by students of several St. Petersburg’s Universities• Using the main computer programmes• Opportunities of Skype system• Creating on personnel email address• Social Networks• Personal account: Payments control without leaving home• IP-TV. Online consultations by lawyers of the International College of Lawyers Online meetings with cinema and theater authors Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 23. WORKING PENSIONERS IN RUSSIA**RF Ministry of Health and Social Development, 2008 12 10,2 10 9,34 8,59 7,82 Million people 8 6 5,76 4 2 0 2001 2004 2005 2006 2007 Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 24. TRANSMISSION OF PROFESSIONAL SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE TO YOUNGER PEOPLE- the tool which promotes the development ofintergenerational relations by representatives ofolder generations within the framework of“Mentor” program which is implemented in theregions of the Russian Federation.In 2010 44 thousand instructors were engaged inin-depth training of 72 thousand graduatingstudents. Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 25. POLICY ON AGEINGrealized in the framework of strategic documents adopted at the Federal level: The Concept of Demographic Policy of the Russian Federation to 2025 The Concept of Socio-Economic Development of the Russian Federation to 2020 similar documents adopted at regional level
  • 26. “This reminds us of the vital role older persons play as intermediaries between the past, the present and the future; of the veritable lifeline they provide in society. WISDOM Without the knowledge and wisdomEXPERIENCE of the old, the young would never know where they come from or where they belong. But in order for the old to have a shared language with the young, they must have the opportunity to continue learning throughout life.” - KOFI ANNEN, SKILLS UN SECRETARY GENERAL Madrid, 2002 KNOWLEDGE Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 27. THANK YOU! Saint Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences